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70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
causes of the revloution
1. economic crisis
2. absolutism
3. unfair voting procedure in the Estates General
4. weak leadership
Financial crisis
?
estates general
law making body
reign of terror
French revolution went furthar then expected, many men tried to gain power
tennis court oath
constitution of 1791, "will continue to meet utnill we have a constitution"-start of revolution
declaration of the rights of man
?
Louis XVI
king at the time of french revolution
third estate
lower class- peasents and bourgeoisie
600 reps
second estate
nobility
300 reps
first estate
clergy
300 reps
montesquieu
published spirit of laws- idea of perfect govenment
methodology
how people gain knowledge
fredrick II
?
Diderot
wrote many books- didnt believe in christianity
Beccaria
believedthat everyone should have certina right and that there should habve been laws which everyone had to follow
John Locke
life liberty and property to be protected by gonvernment
Thomas Hobbes
?
what was the enlightenment
applied reason and logic to mans social relationships
divine right of kings
to obey the king is to obey God: the king cant be wrong

King- James I
justifications of absolutism
?
absolutism
entire; complete
absolute monarch
?
buillon
?
imports
buy
exports
sell
raw resources
?
Manufactured goods
?
mercantilism
the act of buy and selling that the kings used to increas their exports
middleman
man between source and the market
Ferdinand Magellan
?
Amerigo Vespucci
?
Chirstopher Columbus
?
Prince Henry
"the Navigator"
Cannons
lighter but still same power- used on ships
caravels
smaller and more maneuverable than cargo ships- lateen sail and stern rudders
rudders
replaced steering oars
lateen sail
triangle sails used to take advantage of the wind to direct
astrolabe
used to determine latitude by shooting the rays of the sun on the horizon
portolano
a chart showing ports and places to anchor
compass
magnetized needle that pointed north-south
experimentation
?
what is science?
?
copernicus
heliocentric (everything revolved around earth)
galileo
geocentric (everything revolved around the sun)
scientific method
1. topic
2. do backgroud reading
3. hypothesis
4. test hypothesis
5. New hypothesis(if no right)
6. conclusion
causes of slavery
?
effects of the slave trade on Africa
1. decrease in population
2. increase in warefare among tribes
3. guns, rum, brandy, cloth, became a necessity
4. social decay older population on lack of strenghth, decrease in food, weak family structure
5. less respect for elders
6. decrease in labor and leaders
how were slaves abused
small space
whipped
killed
starved
disease ridden
how were slaves obtained
1. captured by enemy tribes
2. children taken when working in fields
3. captured in war
4. family members sold eachother
why were slaves needed
1. sugar plantations caribbiean
2. cotton and tobaco plantation in N.A.
3. indians didnt make good slaves- died from diseases
triangle trade
?
middle passage
the trip to america
ship packing
how they packed the slaves on ships
predestination
your fate before your born
John Calvin
Leader of Calvanism- against holy roman church
what where the dominant religions in italy, england, and spain during the Refomation
italy-?
england-Anglican
spain- Roman Catholic
council of trent
Roman Catholic Church policy makers
inquisition
an office inquiry into the loyalty of a person to the church
counter refomation
Oposing the reformation
elizabeth I
?
mary I
?
index
list of books good romen catholics shouldnt read
heretic
a person who goes against church beliefs
Holy Roman Empire
In charge of Holy Roman Church
why were native americans not good slaves?
they had no strength to fight off european disease and many would die
B. Dias
portuguese
goes to bay of good hope
Vasco Da Gama
portuguese
went all the wary around and stops at ports along africa (trade) talkes to different people and finds his way to India
Adam Smith
walther of nations
Laize fare
mary wollstoncraft
advocate for womens rights
Catherine the great
ruled russia
ideas came from montesquie