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64 Cards in this Set

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What is an acropolis?
Hilltop fortress in a city-state
What is a hilltop fortress in a city-state?
Acropolis
What is the Aegean?
Refers to both the sea surrounding the Greek islands in the eastern Mediterranean as well as the culture of the area
What refers to both the sea surrounding the Greek islands in the eastern Mediterranean as well as the culture of the area?
Aegean
What is the agora?
Central marketplace in a city-state
What is the central marketplace in a city-state?
Agora
What is the Archaic Age?
Approximately 800 to 500 BC
What is approximately 800 to 500 BC?
Archaic Age
what is the second largest city-state of Ancient Greece?
Athens
What is Athens?
The second largest city-state of Ancient Greece
What is a citizen?
One who must participate in government; generally restricted to men with property
What is one who must participate in government (generally restricted to men with property)?
Citizen
What is a city-state?
An independent state consisting of a city center and surrounding territory; also called a polis
What is a city-state also called?
A polis
What is a polis?
City-state
What is an independent state consisting of a city center and surrounding territory?
City-state
What is the Classical Age?
Approximately 500 to 336 BC
What is approximately 500 to 336 BC?
Classical Age
What is the Dark Age?
Approximately 1100 to 800 BC; follows the decline of the Mycenean culture
What is approximately 1100 to 800 BC; follows the decline of the Mycenean culture?
Dark Age
What does the Dark Age follow?
The decline of the Mycenean culture
What is the Delian League?
Organization led by Athens to continue to deal with the Persian threat after the Persian Wars
What is the organization led by Athens to continue to deal with the Persian threat after the Persian Wars?
Delian League
What is a democracy?
Government ruled by a majority, elected rule
What is government ruled by a majority; elected rule?
Democracy
What is Early Greece?
Approximately 2000 to 1100 BC
What is approximately 2000 to 1100 BC?
Early Greece
What is the Hellenic League?
Organization led by Sparta, wherein each member city-state pooled their military resources to fight Persia during the Persian Wars, lasted from 481-479 BC
How long did the Hellenic League last?
481 to 479 BC
What is an organization led by Sparta, wherein each member city-state pooled their military resources to fight Persia during the Persian Wars?
Hellenic League
What is a helot?
Spartan slave
What is a Spartan slave?
Helot
What is Macedonia?
Region to the north of Greece
What is the region to the north of Greece?
Macedonia
What is Minoan?
The civilization on the island of Crete from approximately 2000 to 1400 BC
What is the civilization on the island of Crete from approximately 2000 to 1400 BC?
Minoan
What is a monarchy?
Government with an inherited rule
What is government with an inherited rule?
Monarchy
What is Mycenean?
The civlization on the Peloponnesus from approximately 2000 to 1100 BC
What is the civilization on the Peloponnesus from approximately 2000 to 1100 BC?
Mycenean
Where was the Mycenean civilization located?
Peloponnesus
What is government ruled by a few?
Oligarchy
What is oligarchy?
Government ruled by a few
What is an oracle?
A person through whom the gods spoke; was always a woman whose words were interpreted by priests
What is a person through whom the gods spoke? What gender was this person? Who were they interpreted by?
Oracle... woman... priests
What is ostracism?
Forcing a powerful person into exile for 10 years to prevent them from gaining more power
What is forcing a powerful person into exile for 10 years to prevent them from gaining more power?
Ostracism
What is the Peloponnesian League?
Alliance of city-states led by Sparta intended to increase Spartan power in the Mediterranean
What is an alliance of city-states led by Sparta intended to increase Spartan power in the Mediterranean?
Peloponnesian League
What is the Peloponnesus?
Peninsula on the southern part of mainland Greece
What is the peninsula on the southern part of mainland Greece?
Peloponnesus
Who was Pericles?
Athenian leader from 443 to 429 BC; tried to strengthen Athenian power in Greece through the Delian League
What did Pericles try to do?
Strengthen Athenian power in Greece through the Delian League
Who was the Athenian leader from 443 to 429 BC; tried to strengthen Athenian power in Greece through the Delian League?
Pericles
What is the perioeci?
The laboring class in the Spartan social system
What is the laboring class in the Spartan social system?
Perioeci
What were the Persian Wars?
Wars fought between Persia and the Greek city-states between 490 and 479 BC
What were the wars fought between Persia and the Greek city-states between 490 and 479 BC?
Persian Wars
What was Sparta?
Largest city-state of ancient Greece, located on the Peloponnesus; very militaristic
What is the largest city-state of ancient Greece, located on the Peloponnesus & very militaristic?
Sparta
What is the Thirty Years Truce?
Begun in 445BC; it was an agreement between Athens and Sparta to respect each other's spheres of influence
What was begun in 445BC; it was an agreement between Athens and Sparta to respect each other's spheres of influence?
Thirty Years Truce
What is tyranny?
Government with an illegal rule by a person who has overthrown the previous ruler
What is a government with an illegal rule by a person who has overthrown the previous ruler?
Tyranny