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20 Cards in this Set

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Concept that ultimately poltical authority is vested in the citizens of the nation. The character of republican government was dependent on the civic virtue of its citizens to preserve the nation from corruption and moral decay.
Republicanism
Ratified in 1781, this document was the U.S. first constitution providing a framework for national government.The articles sharply limited central authority of the federal government by denying the national government the any taxation or coercive power.
Articles of Confederation
Armed insurrection of farmers in western Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays, a veteran of the Continental Army. Intended to prevent state courts from foreclosing on debtors unable to pay their taxes, the rebellion was put down by the state militia.Nationalists used the event to justify the calling of a constitutional convention to strengthen the national government.
Shay's Rebellion
Critics of the constitution who exprressed concern that it seemed to possess no specific provision for the protection fo natural and civil rights.
Antifederalist
WHAT IS THE SPEECH GIVEN BY WASHINGTON AFTER HIS SECOND TERM TO INDICATED HIS RETIREMENT FROM THE PRESIDENCY? CAN YOU PROVIDE SOME OF THE NUANCES FROM THE SPEECH AND STRATEGY ABOUT THE TIMELINESS OF THE SPEECH? name 3 items
Washington's Farewell Address.
1. WASHINGTON RETIRED IN SEPTEMBER WHICH GAVE THE OPPOSITION PARTY VERY LITTLE TIME TO PREPARE FOR A PRESIDENTIAL RACE WHICH ADVANCED THE FEDERALIST PARTY.
2. WARNED AMERICANS TO AVOID THE FACTIONS WHICH WE NOW REFER TO AS SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS
3. ADVISED AMERICANS TO DEVOID OF FOREIGN ENTANGLEMENTS THAT COULD THREATEN THE SECURITY OF THE UNITED STATES
WHAT WERE THE KEY ISSUES THE KENTUCKY AND VIRGINIA RESOLUTIONS?
1. CONGRESS HAD RECENTLY PASSED 4 BILLS AKA ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS WHICH WERE DESIGNED TO SUPPRESS CRITICISM OF THE FEDERAL GOV'T AND REDUCE THE NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS COMING INTO THE COUNTRY.
2. Kentucky and Virginia AS WELL AS MANY OTHERS WERE OPPOSED TO THIS LEGISLATION AS THEY FELT IT WAS UNCONSTITUTIONAL
3.JEFFERSON AND MADISON DRAFTED SEPARATE PROTESTS TO DEFEND THE RIGHTS OF THE INDIVIDUAL STATES ASSEMBLIES TO INTERPRET THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF FEDERAL LAWS BASED ON THE FACT THAT THE STATES RETAINED FULL AUTHORITY OVER MATTERS NOT SPECIFICALLY OUTLINED IN THE CONSTITUTION.
4.JEFFERSON CALLED FOR AN OPTION TO VOID AND PROVIDE NULLIFICATION OF ANY LAWS THEY DETERMINED TO BE UNCONSTITUTIONAL UNDER THE KENTUCKY RESOLUTION. THIS WAS NOT WELL RCVD.
5.MADISON REITERATED THE SAME INTENT BUT WAS MORE FOCUSED ON THE DEFENSE OF THE RIGHTS OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.
6. NO OTHER STATES RATIFIED THESE AMENDMENTS. MANY BELIEVE IT WAS A PROPAGANDA STUNT ON BEHALF OF JEFFERSON AND MADISON.
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WHAT WAS IMPORTANT AND DEFINITIVE ABOUT THE Louisiana Purchase?
1. PRIOR TO THE PURCHASE THE SPANISH FORCES WERE PREPARED TO CLOSED THE PORT OF NEW ORLEANS.
2. SPAIN HAD SECRETLY SOLD IT TO FRANCE-NAPOLEON
3.MANY FEARED A WAR WAS EMINENT AS NEW ORLEANS WAS A GATEWAY TO COMMERCE IN THE SOUTH AND WOULD GUARANTEE EXPANSION OF TRADE ON THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER AND THE WESTERN TERRITORY.
4. THE U.S. PURCHASED THE LA PURCHASE FROM FRANCE FOR A MERE $15 MILLION.
5. THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE DOUBLED THE SIZE OF THE NATION
WHAT WAS SIGNIFICANT ABOUT THE Marbury v. Madison BY THE SUPREME COURT OVERSEEN BY JOHN MARSHALL CHIEF JUSTICE?
1. MARSHALL BERATED THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR WITHHOLDING MARBURY'S COMMISION.
2 HOWEVER, MARSHALL CONCLUDED THAT THE SUPREME COURT DID NOT HAVE JURISDICTION IN SUCH MATTERS
3.MARSHALL DID DETERMINE THAT JUDICIARY ACT OF 1789 WAS UNCONSTITUTIONAL WHICH IS WHAT MARBURY'S APPEAL WAS BASED UPON
4. THIS SET A PRECEDENT FOR JUDICIAL REVIEW AND CONFIRMED THE SUPREME COURT HAD THE AUTHORITY TO DETERMINE THE CONSTITUTIONAL OF FEDERAL STATUES.
WHAT WAS SIGNIFICANT ABOUT THE Battle of New Orleans?
1. THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS SHOULD HAVE NEVER OCCURRED AS IN FRANCE ALL PARTIES WERE PREPARING A PEACE TREATY FOR SIGNATURE.
2. THE BRITISH LANDED A LARGE MILITARY FORCE PREPARED FOR A FRONTAL ATTACK. IN A SHORT TIME FRAME THE BRITISH FORCES HAD BEEN DESTROYED.
3. GENERAL JACKSON'S POSITIONS WERE WELL DEFENDED. HE LOST APPROXIMATELY 20 MEN.
4. IF THE BRITISH HAD SEIZED NEW ORLEANS, THEY WOULD HAVE CONTROLLED THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER TRADE AND COMMERCE.
WHAT IS SIGNIFICANT ABOUT THE Missouri Compromise?
1.ADMITTED MISSOURI IN TO THE UNION AS A SLAVE STATE
2. ADMITTED MAINE IN AS A FREE STATE (NO SLAVERY).
3. IT BANNED SLAVERY IN THE REMAINDER OF THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE AND NO SLAVERY FOR ANY STATES WHO ENTERED THE UNION IN THE FUTURE ABOVE THE LATITUDE OF 3630'.
4. THE NORTHERN STATES WERE CONCERNED ABOUT THE SHIFT IN THE BALANCES OF POWER BETWEEN THE STATES BECAUSE OF THE 3/5 RULE REGARDING SLAVES
WHAT WAS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE Monroe Doctrine?
1. THE MONROE DOCTRINE DECLARED THAT THE UNITED STATES OPPOSED ANY FURTHER COLONIZATION WITH IN THE AMERICAS(BOTH NORTH AND SOUTH)
2. THIS INCLUDED ANY EFFORT BY EUROPEAN NATIONS TO EXTEND THEIR POLITICAL SYSTEMS OUTSIDE THEIR HEMISPHERES.
3. HENCE THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE WAS OFF LIMITS FOR ANY NEW EUROPEAN COLONIZATION.
4. AMERICAN IN TURN AGREED NOT TO MEDDLE INTO EUROPEAN AFFAIRS
5. THIS REPRESENTED PRIDE, CONFIDENCE, AND SELF-CONFIDENCE FOR THE AMERICANS AS A PIVOTAL MOVE AWAY FROM THE OLD WORLD CULTURE.
WHAT IS Nullification?
1. THE RIGHT OF ANY STATE TO DECLARE A FEDERAL LAW INOPERATIVE WITHIN ITS BOUNDARIES.
2. SOUTH CAROLINA WAS CHALLENGING THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS RIGHT TO IMPOSE A PROTECTIVE TARIFF
3. SOUTH CAROLINA INDICATED THIS INCREASED THE PRICE OF THE MANUFACTURED GOODS WHICH THREATENED THEIR COMPETITIVENESS IN FOREIGN MARKETS, AFFECTING THE IMPORT AND EXPORT TRADE WITHIN THE SOUTHERN STATES.
WHAT OCCURRED DURING THE Nullification Crisis AND HOW WAS IT SIGNIFICANT?
1.. HENRY CALHOUN WAS A STAUNCH OPPONENT OF PRESIDENT JACKSON. CALHOUN STOKED THE FIRES OF THE LEGISLATURE OF SOUTH CAROLINA TO CALL A SPECIAL ELECTION TO NULLIFY THE FEDERAL TARIFFS OF 1828 AND 1832 AND FORBID THE COLLECTION OF CUSTOM DUTIES WITHIN THE STATE.
2. PRESIDENT JACKSON TRIED TO APPEASE SOUTH CAROLINA BUT SUPPORTING CONGRESS IN REDUCING THE TARIFFS IN THE STATE BY COMPROMISE TARIFF OF 1833.
3. JACKSON'S DESIRE WAS TO PRESERVED THE UNION OF THE UNITED STATES.
4. HENCE PRESIDENT JACKSON TOOK DECISIVE ACTION AND ISSUES A PROCLAMATION THAT DENOUNCING SOUTH CAROLINA'S ACTION AS ONE OF TREASONOUS ATTACK ON THE UNION.
5. JACKSON REQUEST CONGRESS TO VOTE FOR THE POWER AND AUTHORITY FOR HIM TO SEND IN MILITARY FORCES TO ENFORCE THE TARIFF. CONGRESS ENACTED THE FORCE BILL TO PROVIDE PRESIDENT JACKSON WITH THE AUTHORITY TO TAKE ACTION.
6. SOUTH CAROLINA SUSPENDED THE NULLIFICATION ORDINANCE IN LATE JANUARY BUT DID NOT RESCIND IT UNTIL MARCH WHEN THE NEW LOWER TARIFF WAS ENACTED.
7. SOUTH CAROLINA FELT THEY HAD NOT CONCEDED THEIR CONSTITUTIONAL POSITION.
8. THE CONVENTION DELEGATES CONCLUDED BY NULLIFYING THE FORCE BILL.
WHAT WERE SOME TRAITS OF Andrew Jackson?
. JACKSON POSSESSED AN INDOMITABLE WILL, INTOLERANCE OF OPPOSITION, PRIDEFUL TO A FAULT, WOULD NOT FORGIVE OR FORGET AND INSULT. TOOK ALL AS AN ACT OF BETRAYAL. UNKNOWN IF POLITICS WAS DRIVEN BY PRINCIPAL OR SPITE. HE HAD A VIOLENT TEMPER. FOUGHT NUMEROUS DUELS . JACKSON'S PAST EXPERIENCES MADE HIM TOUGH AND INFLEXIBLE.
WHAT WAS SIGNIFICANT ABOUT JACKSON, THE Indian Removal AND WHAT OCCURRED?
1. THIS WAS THE 1ST MAJOR POLICY QUESTION FOR PRESIDENT JACKSON.
2. POLITICALLY JACKSON HAD ALWAYS FAVORED THE REMOVAL OF THE INDIAN NATIONS WEST OF THE MISSISSIPPI.
3. JACKSON MADE HIS REPUTATION AS AN INDIAN FIGHTER.
4.GEORGIA, ALABAMA, AND MISSISSIPPI WERE PUSHING FOR IMMEDIATE ACTION AND WITHDRAWL.
5.ALL THREE STATES ENTERED INTO INDIAN TERRITORY AND CLAIMED RIGHT TO THE LANDS WHICH WAS IN DIRECT VIOLATION TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS JURISDICTION OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.
6.JACKSON ENDORSED THE STATES ACTIONS.
7. JACKSON ADDRESS CONGRESS REQUESTING THE REMOVAL OF ALL EASTERN INDIANS.
8.PRESIDENTS SUPPORTERS INTRODUCED A BILL WHICH TOOK ON HEATED DEBATE IN CONGRESS. STRONG SUPPORT FROM THE SOUTH AND THE WESTERN STATES PASSED THE BILL.
9. JACKSON MOVED QUICKLY TO IMPLEMENT THE TREATIES FOR REMOVAL OF THE INDIANS. ALL BUT ONE TRIBE LEFT.
10. THE CHEROKEE WERE FORCED BY THE MILITARY TO MARCH TO OKLA IN 1838 AKA THE TRAIL OF TEARS.
11. APPROX 4K OUT OF 16K INDIANS DIED ON THE TREK UNDER HARSH CONDITIONS.
12. THIS SHOWED THE GREEDY AND PREJUDICE OF THE JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY.
WHAT WAS THE Jacksonian Democracy?
1. THE ELECTION OF 1828 SAW THE NEW BIRTH OF THE POLITICAL MACHINE AND AN ERA OF MASS DEMOCRACY.
2. JACKSON'S CAMPAIGN UTILIZED WIDE SPREAD ELECTIONEERING TECHNIQUES- HUGE PUBLIC RALLIES, TORCHLIGHT PARADES, AND LAVISH BARBEQUES OR PICNIC PAID FOR BY JACKSON'S SUPPORTERS.
3. THESE TYPES OF POLITICAL RALLIES CONTINUED FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE 19TH CENTURY.
4.MUDSLINGING OCCURRED IN BOTH CAMPS.
5. JACKSON WAS ONE OF THE MOST FORCEFUL AND DOMINEERING OF AMERICAN PRESIDENTS.
Be prepared to discuss Herbert J. Storing's thesis as spelled out in my online notes in his treatise “What the Anti-Federalists Were For.”
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Also be prepared to discuss The Fiske - Jensen Debate - From your online document that summarizes their arguments.
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Do you think Jackson’s forceful style of leadership was a good model for the presidency? Should he have deferred more to the states or to Congress in pursuing his policies? Use concrete examples from your text and online materials to support your answer.
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