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96 Cards in this Set

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Researc indicates that Rock and Roll has its 19th Century origins in the music associated with what??
Sex, Slavery; the use of electrical instruments; a strong rhythm with an accent on the offbeat; youth-oriented lyrics
Who is credited for first using the term "Rock and Roll" in 1951??
Alan Freed, Cleveland DJ, Taken from the song "My Baby Rocks Me With a Steady Roll" by Trixie Smith.
The Blues style eventually develops into what PRE-Rock and Roll market??
Rhythm and Blues
What was television programming like in the 1950s??
Programming was good "clean" family entertainment; variety shows; childrens shows; family comedies; westerns; cartoons; news; sports; drama
What were the 3 musical styles and subcultures during the 1950s??
Popular Music; Rhythm and Blues; Country and Western...
Middle-upper class white culture; Black culture; and Lower-class southern culture
Which musical styles were associated with these subcultures??
Pop National
Of the 3 PreRock and Roll markets, which one contributed THE MOST to the Rock and Roll style??
Rhythm and Blues
What were the qualities of the music in the Pop National market??
Influenced by 30s swing music, boy and girl love story; sung by professionals
What type of singing voice did Pop National performers have?
They were sung by professional singers
Name and be able to recognize at least 3 of "The Majors."
1. RCA Victor
2. Columbia
3. Capitol
4. Mercury
5. Decca
What are two important aspects to remember with the Pop National music market??
Adult-oriented
The Pop National market was almost exclusively white.
Which two radio/television shows in the Country/Western genre were huge successes and critical to the market?
The Grand Ole Opry
What are "Indies?"
Independent Record Companies
What type of records did the Country/Western market produce (opposite of Pop National)?
Smaller records with only 2 songs on it
What are some of the characteristics of Country/Western music?
Timbre was important; nasal quality voices and steel guitars; singers would often "slide" from note to note; Harmonies were simple; very simple "square-cut" sound; musicians performed their own original material
What was the typical instrumentation for Country/Western music? From what state and culture did the steel guitar come from?
Lead Singer
Back-up Singer
Steel Guitar (hawaii)
Piano
Violin
Upright bass
Other guitars (optional)
What instrument did you NOT find in this early style?
drums
What form and structure influenced Rock and Roll music?
Rhythm and Blues
What are some characteristics of the 1950s R&B music style?
Jazz, Gospel, Rhythm and Blues, R&B market was black; market was dominated by small "indy" record companies-owned and ran by whites development was in South. Music was based on a 12-bar blues form; about love, jobs, "hard knocks," and general philosophies of life.
What is the typical instrumentation of R&B music?
Singer
Back-up Singer
Guitars
Upright bass
piano (sometimes grand)
drums
saxophone
harmonica
What is a cross-over? What is a cover?
crossover- a record that orginiated in one market but succeeded in another
cover- when somebody redoes the song in their own style
Which two movies of the 1950s were influential to teenages and the "revellious teenage" image?
Rebel Without a Cause
Blackboard Jungles
Be able to recognize the image of the "teen rebel" or "juvenile delinquent".
Black leather jacket, shirts open, collar up turned, hair slicked back into a "ducktail", long sideburns, with a constant smirk/smeer.
What is considered to be THE first Rock and Roll sont in 1955? Who performed it?
"Rock around the Clock" Bill Haley and the Comets
Why was it difficult for Bill Haley to personify the new-youth's Rock and Roll image and style?
He's older, no "coolness" factor
Where was Elvis Presley born?
Tupelo, Mississippi
What song was Elvis' first recordings?
My happiness
Who was Colonel Tom Parker?
took over the personal management of Elvis
What is significant about Elvis' final appearance on Ed Sullivan's Toast of the Town Show?
He is shot from the waist up
What record company and person (owner) was responsible for discovering Elvis Presley?
Sun Records, Sam Phillips
What happens to Elvis in 1958?
Made 4 films- Love Me Tender, Loving You, Jailhouse Rock, King Creole
Drafted into the army
Who is Priscilla Ann Beaulieu?
Elvis' wife (they get married when she was 19)
Who is Lisa Marie?
Elvis' daughter- 1967
What television show was the FIRST to be transmitted internationally via satellite in 1973?
Aloha from Hawaii
What are the circumstances surrounding Elvis' death?
dies from heart-related problems to his health and drugs
Why is Elvis called "The King of Rock and Roll?"
he expanded Rock and Roll
Based on the article assigned, what percent of Elvis' estate did Lisa Marie Presley recently sell to Robert F.X.?
85%
What are the three styles of 1950s Rock and Roll?
Mainstream rock, rockabilly, soft rock
What are some characteristics of Mainstream Rock?
electric guitars, piano, drums, influenced by R&B, shouters, bass, saxophone
Which artists are associated with this style?
Little Richard, Fats Domino, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis
Where was the center of the Rockabilly style?
Sam Phillips, Sun Studios, Memphis, TN
Which of Artists of Groups are considered to be in style of Rockabilly?
Everly Bros; Johnny Cash; Carl Perkins; Buddy Holly; Eddie Cochran
What are the two branches of the Soft Rock style?
White soft rock developed by Elvis, Pat Boone, and the good-looking teen idols modeled after them.
The Black soft rock developed by the numerous vocal groupsreferred to now as "doo-woop" groups
What are characteristics of each of these two styles?
1. Smooth orchestra
2. lead singer, backup, harmony, non-sense, highly choreographer, syllables
Which Pop National artist was famous for making covers of early Rock and Roll songs?
Pat Boone
What happens to Elvis in 1958?
Made 4 films- Love Me Tender, Loving You, Jailhouse Rock, King Creole
Drafted into the army
Who is Priscilla Ann Beaulieu?
Elvis' wife (they get married when she was 19)
Who is Lisa Marie?
Elvis' daughter- 1967
What television show was the FIRST to be transmitted internationally via satellite in 1973?
Aloha from Hawaii
What are the circumstances surrounding Elvis' death?
dies from heart-related problems to his health and drugs
Why is Elvis called "The King of Rock and Roll?"
he expanded Rock and Roll
Based on the article assigned, what percent of Elvis' estate did Lisa Marie Presley recently sell to Robert F.X.?
85%
What are the three styles of 1950s Rock and Roll?
Mainstream rock, rockabilly, soft rock
What are some characteristics of Mainstream Rock?
electric guitars, piano, drums, influenced by R&B, shouters, bass, saxophone
Which artists are associated with this style?
Little Richard, Fats Domino, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis
Where was the center of the Rockabilly style?
Sam Phillips, Sun Studios, Memphis, TN
Which of Artists of Groups are considered to be in style of Rockabilly?
Everly Bros; Johnny Cash; Carl Perkins; Buddy Holly; Eddie Cochran
What are the two branches of the Soft Rock style?
White soft rock developed by Elvis, Pat Boone, and the good-looking teen idols modeled after them.
The Black soft rock developed by the numerous vocal groupsreferred to now as "doo-woop" groups
What are characteristics of each of these two styles?
1. Smooth orchestra
2. lead singer, backup, harmony, non-sense, highly choreographer, syllables
Which Pop National artist was famous for making covers of early Rock and Roll songs?
Pat Boone
Besides a successful music career, why is Johnny Mathis significant in the music industry?
he was recognized for his flawlessly expressive voice ad remarkable range; first one to put together a collection of greatest hits
Who are the six pioneers of Rock and Roll?
Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Fats Domino, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis, Buddy Holly
Besides a successful music career, why is Johnny Mathis significant in the music industry?
he was recognized for his flawlessly expressive voice ad remarkable range; first one to put together a collection of greatest hits
What instrument does each of the following Rock and Roll Pioneers play?
piano, guitar
Who are the six pioneers of Rock and Roll?
Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Fats Domino, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis, Buddy Holly
Which Rock and Roll pioneer calls himself, "The Architect of Rock?"
Little Richard
What instrument does each of the following Rock and Roll Pioneers play?
piano, guitar
What significant change did Little Richard make to his career in 1957?
He renounced his show business career and turned toward religion after a plane scare
Besides a successful music career, why is Johnny Mathis significant in the music industry?
he was recognized for his flawlessly expressive voice ad remarkable range; first one to put together a collection of greatest hits
Which Rock and Roll pioneer calls himself, "The Architect of Rock?"
Little Richard
Who are the six pioneers of Rock and Roll?
Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Fats Domino, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis, Buddy Holly
As a result of violating The Mann Act, what happened to Chuch Berry?
He was convicted and it was overturned; in his 2nd trial he was convicted and was sentenced to 3 years in prison and a fine.
What significant change did Little Richard make to his career in 1957?
He renounced his show business career and turned toward religion after a plane scare
What instrument does each of the following Rock and Roll Pioneers play?
piano, guitar
As a result of violating The Mann Act, what happened to Chuch Berry?
He was convicted and it was overturned; in his 2nd trial he was convicted and was sentenced to 3 years in prison and a fine.
Which Rock and Roll pioneer calls himself, "The Architect of Rock?"
Little Richard
What significant change did Little Richard make to his career in 1957?
He renounced his show business career and turned toward religion after a plane scare
As a result of violating The Mann Act, what happened to Chuch Berry?
He was convicted and it was overturned; in his 2nd trial he was convicted and was sentenced to 3 years in prison and a fine.
Besides a successful music career, why is Johnny Mathis significant in the music industry?
he was recognized for his flawlessly expressive voice ad remarkable range; first one to put together a collection of greatest hits
Who are the six pioneers of Rock and Roll?
Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Fats Domino, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis, Buddy Holly
What instrument does each of the following Rock and Roll Pioneers play?
piano, guitar
Which Rock and Roll pioneer calls himself, "The Architect of Rock?"
Little Richard
What significant change did Little Richard make to his career in 1957?
He renounced his show business career and turned toward religion after a plane scare
As a result of violating The Mann Act, what happened to Chuch Berry?
He was convicted and it was overturned; in his 2nd trial he was convicted and was sentenced to 3 years in prison and a fine.
Name two of Jerry Lee Lewis' famous relatives?
Mickey Gilley, Jimmy Swaggert
Who was Myra Gale Brown? Who was she married to? Why was her relationship with this person so controversial?
Lewis's 13 year old cousin; after 1 month, they had a baby.
What was Jerry Lee Lewis' performance style like?
sweeps the piano, very energetic, plays with leg/foot
Where was Buddy Holly born?
Lubbock, TX 1936
What were the circumstances surrounding the death of Buddy Holly?
he was the first rock star to die suddenly and unexpectantly.
Who were the first artists to combine Gospel and Rock and Roll?
lloyd price, ray charles, sam cooke
What is Payola? Which person's career was ruined by a Payola scandal?
dj's accepting commercial bribery in return for promoting new rock and roll songs
What specific musical style was Alan Freed known for promoting?
rock and roll; he coined the term
What controversy caused Alan Freed's television show "The Big Beat" to be cancelled?
payola scandal
What honor did Alan Freed share with the other Pioneers of Rock and Roll in 1986?
inducted in to the rock and roll hall of fame.
What ABC television show (first aired in 1957) did Dick Clark host?
American Bandstand
For what reason was Dick Clark investigated and called to testify before Congress in 1960?
The Payola scandal