Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
'Origin of the Species'(continuity between human and non-human), 'Descent of Man' (continuity of humans from animals), stimulated interest in study of individual differences
2 principles of evolution - development toward perfection with increasining refinement and mutations reflect environmental adaptation, environmental changes responsible for structural changes in plants and animals, inheritance of acquired characteristics (adaptive abilities developed during life are passed onto offspring)
functionalism, proposed evolutionary principles, frequently made associations are passed onto generations, instinct is compound reflex action, Law of evolution = survival of the fittest, social Darwinism
population growing geometrically and food growing arithemtically
theory of geologic evolution --> Darwin apply to biology
theory of evolution similar to Darwin in 1858
intelligence as genetically determined, individual differences (correlational studies), eugenics and biometrics, correlation and regression and measn with variances and deviations, normal distributions for everything, nativism, use questionnaires
linked psychology and philosophy for American psychology, 'Principles of Psychology' - attract many to field, consciousness is like a stream, James-Lange theory of emotion
correlational methodology, work with Galton
work with Wundt and Hall, Galton, learn stats and questionnaire methodology, importance of independence in research, push for functionalism
blend nativism and empiricism, interesteed in differnce of people not similarities, Binet-Simon scale of intelligence
Binet as student, french intelligence testing
intelligence quotient (IQ=[MA/CA]x100), normal distribution, opposed intelligence as single number
translated Binet-Simon into english, strong nativism, IQ tests to immigrants
standardized Binet-Simon scale to get mean of 100, beleived intelligence inherited
founder of comparative psychology, primate research, Army Alpha and Beta tests; work with Goddard, study animals --> comparative psych
1st American PhD in psych, work with Wundt, founded APA, 2nd major push toward broad functionalist psych in US, theory not experiment
first African-American PhD in psych
1st psychology textbook, but eclipsed by James, Arc concept, Can't study S or R without environment and entire system - need O; study behavior with emphasis on purpose and function
intro to psych book, formal beginnings of functionalism, psych should be study of mental operations not elements, naive subjects have faster reaction time in sensory conditions and trained faster in motor conditions - importance of using naive subjects to apply to real world;
psych = study of mental activity or adaptive behavior, motivating stimulus provoked response--> response feedback altering motivation; behavior is intrinsically and purposively adaptive,
will is behavioral, narrow positivistic focus, pioneered field of forensic and industrial psychology, modern cognitive behavior
1st women president of APA, functionalism, work on memory - paired assocaites task prompts recall
physiological psychologist and functionalist, link physiology and philosophy, psych must be S-O-R
influences by James functionalism, all behavior is purposive and freely emitted, all motives are instinctive and stimulus for purposive beahvior
animal intelligence, caused call for Occams razor and simplicity again
work with Titchener as 1st PhD student, work with functionalist, study animal consciousness, reconciled behaviorism and introspection
Stern intelligence quotient
normal distribution, MA/CAx100
study of human body measurements
founded by Galton, genetic engineering
Social Darwinism
progress (social evolution) can inevitably lead to good and bad ends, balance between culture and man, state works best if don't interfere
Army Alpha & Beta tests
Yerkes, mental testing for officers - less than .5% were rejected --> questioned practicality of testing
word-association test
Galton, list of constant word pairs to study deeper subconscious associations
James-Lange theory of emotion
reverse common sense theory of emotion, fear being the consequnce of behaviors, see bear-run-afraid
stream of consciousness
consciousness is continuous, James, biological purpose to adapte organism to environment
Spencer-Bain principle
voluntary behavior follows the pleasure principle, Spencer
Angel 'The province of functional Psychology'
functional manifesto, define pscyhology to adaptation figure/define functional school
Dewey 'Psychological Review' (reflex arc)
watch stimulus and repsonse, but psych should focus on physiology connection - how link S-R (O...[woodworth])
Galton 'Natural Inheritance'
concept of correlation and regression, mental IQ testing, sets up eugenics
James 'Princples of Psychology'
one of the best intro books, establish psych as natural biological scince, functionalism, attack structuralism, psych subject = scuence of mental life, defines psychology
Titchener 'The postulates of a structural psychology'
defined Titchener version of voluntarism as narrow structuralism (immediate introspection)
James psychology
science of mental life, of phenomena and their physiological conditions
Angell psychology
study of mental operations not elements, study of fundamental utlity of consciousness, study of psychophysical relationships
study of mental activity or adaptive behavior (motivating stimulus provoke repsonse)
psych study total organism functioning in its environment
Galton intelligence measures
Word Assocaiton Lists, Mental Imagery, Sensory Acuity