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14 Cards in this Set

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Trephination
Brain surgery in Peru -– square cut out of skull – early brain surgery
Edwin Smith
case description of neurosurgeries 4000 years ago
Galen
systematic study of nervous system – discovered recurrent laryngeal nerves- beginning of real experimental neuroscience
Vitalism
espouced by Decarte
Mind/Soul seperate from the Brain
materialism/mechanist theory
espouced by Darwin
Mind/Soul part of Brain
Cell Pioneers. (name 3)
Schwann – cell theory – nn system made up of cells
Ranvier
Golgi
Weigert
Ramon & Cajal
Franz Gall
Phenology – localization of function - palpate scull and determine personality via bumps on scull
Wernicke
aphasia in which there is impairment in the comprehension of spoken and written words, associated with effortless, articulated, but paraphrastic, speech and writing; malformed words, substitute words, and neologisms are characteristic.
Result of damage to parietal/temporal lobe
-localization of function
Broca
damage involved with speech aphasia
localization of function
Karl Lashley
memory storage localization
Wilder Penfield
Brain Stimulation causes inability to speak – evidence of circuits – idea of humunculus
What is the Function of the CNS
Internal Communication and Homeostasis
Monitoring of and Response to External Environment
Levels of Study of the CNS
Molecular/Biochemical
Cellular
Cell Assemblies and Circuits
Organ System
Behavioral
Determinants of CNS Structure
-Evolution and Natural Selection
-Gene Action and Development