Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bacterial or fungal species that recycle materials from dead organisms.
Decomposers
A liquid nutrient solution for growing microbes.
broth
An antimicrobial substance produced by some fungal and bacterial species that inhibits other microorganisms.
antibiotic
A microscopic form of life including bacteria, fungi, algae, and protozoa.
microorganism
Referring to a microorganism composed of single cells having a single chromosome but no cell nucleus or nuclear membrane envelope.
prokaryotic
The scientific study of bacterial organisms.
Bacteriology
A immunological defensive process in which bacteria or viruses can be taken into white blood cells.
Phagocytosis
A set of procedures by which a specific organism can be related to a specific disease.
Koch's postulates
The use of microorganisms to help remove or decontaminate toxic wastes and other products in the environment.
Bioremediation
The group of microorganisms composed of the protozoa and algae.
Protista
An accumulation or colony of microorganisms of one type.
pure culture
The doctrine that organisms could arise from nonliving matter, such as through putrefaction and decay.
Spontaneus generation
An organism in the protista group that carries out photosynthesis.
algae
The complete set of genes in a virus or organism.
genome
A controlled heating process that destroys pathogens in a fluid such as milk.
pasteurization
A particle of nucleic acid (either DNA or RNA) surrounded by a protein coat; neither prokaryotic nor eukaryotic.
virus
The scientific study of the fungi.
mycology
he tiny, living "animals" seen by Leeuwenhoek.
anamalcules
An antibody preparation produced in an immunized animal.
antitoxin
The process by which some bacterial species convert nitrogen gas into ammonia.
nitrogen fixation
An ill-defined entity generally referring to an altered chemical quality of the atmosphere that was incorrectly thought to cause disease.
miasma
Referring to a cell or organism containing a cell nucleus with chromosomes and a nuclear membrane envelope.
eukaryotic
The use of antimicrobial chemicals to kill microorganisms.
chemotherapy
A visible mass of bacterial cells growing on a culture plate.
colony
A disease-causing infectious agent.
pathogen
The concept stating that some microorganisms are responsible for infectious diseases.
germ theory
A complex community of microbes that being attached to a surface act differently than as individuals.
biofilm
A common name for a microorganism that causes disease.
germ
The use of chemicals as disinfection agents on the skin surface.
antisepsis
The group of microorganisms that includes the molds and yeasts.
fungi