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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The part of Africa we are focusing on
Central/West Africa
African culture had them ____ to European culture
Adapt/Assimilate
Main instrument
Drums
Polyrhythm
2 or more rhthyms at a time. Not found in European music
2 against 3 (swing like)
3 against 4 (cuban feel)
Metronomic pulse
unlike european
steady beat that everyone just works off of
Difference between African and European
polyrhythm, metronomic pulse, no bar lines or music, oral tradition, played by year, created blues scale
blues scale
minor 3rd on a major chord, creates dissonance, common in gospel,
Type of scale used in African music (common in jazz)
Pentagonic, not diatonic. a 5 note scale versus a 7 note scale
African musical concepts heard in music
blues scale
polyrhythm
fallsetto break or tumbling strain
Double ententra lyrics
songs that express frustration, Africans used to talk of escape and frustration through the songs to cover it up. Example: you aint nothin but a hound dog
Ring shout, circle dance
has blues, polyrhythm, groes to a point of frenzy and then breaks
Reasons European and African music blend together so well
functional harmony, rhythm propelling harmony, diatonic scales that aren't in other music, folk music and African tribal music, European has a more complicated harmony and African has more complicated rhythm
Harold Courandler
went to the deep south and recorded gosspil churches and penitentaries, and gangs singing
Africans were sold into slavery by
other Africans who had conqured their tribe. Often those sold were priests and kings and others who were strong so the tradition brought to the US was very pure
End of the slave trade
1808 but continued illegally until the Civil War
Tribe names for English and French slaves
English -> Ashanti
French -> Dahomey
Dahomey tribe practiced
Voden which mixed with Catholicism and became Vodo
New Orleans
Became US in 1883
Main port
African culture was mainly Dahomeyian
Becuase main port culture spread around the world
British Protestant Colony
(England)
drown out churches, no rhythmic life in church, slaves heard music without dance, march is only thing appealing because of the chance for polyrhythms, British owned fewer slaves so they know them better, tried to convert them to Christianity, treated slaves better, prohibited idols and dancing so the culture went underground
Latin Catholic
(Spain, Portugal)
music has much more rhythm and life, church festivals provided for slaves to hear music and dancing, didn't care what slaves did in spare time, ban drums and some rituals when slaves caused trouble, catholic saints were life idols so the Africans could relate better and assimilate more easily
Dutch
Slaves escaped inland and preserved their culture in a very pure form
Haiti
Mostly Dahomey, Kept drums and art of drum making, Voden and Catholicism merged, dances still exist
Cubans
-combine African music and Cuban
-outward rhythmic becuase Africans kept their drums
Spanish dances in origin
Habanera, Guajara, Punto, Guaracha
African dances in origin
Rhumba, Conga, Son-Afro-Cubano, Mombo, Chacha