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15 Cards in this Set

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Taika reforms
All farmland was the property of the emperor.
The land was divided into small plots.
Clan leaders were assigned to oversee the land in their territories.
The central government gained more control over the clans and wealth from taxes on the land.
Before-Gave land to clan leaders
After-Gave land to government officials.
Prince Shotoku
Encouraged Buddhism and Chinese culture.
Shinto
Religion that revolved around nature.
Teaches that the natural world is filled with divine spirits/kami.
Nara Period
700's
High ranking government officials got their jobs if they belonged to the upper class or if their family willed it to them.
courtier
a person who takes part in the highly refined social life of a court
Courtiers created the culture of the period.
They collected part of what was produced on their estates.
haiku
an unrhymed Japanese poem consisting of 3 lines with 5, 7, and 5 syllables
isolation
the condition of being separated from a group
regent
a person who rules for a monarch during periods of illness or absence, or during the monarchs extreme youth
samurai
the feudal military aristocracy of Japan, from the team meaning "those who serve"
denomination
a religious body consisting of a group of congregations having the same faith
Shogun
a line of military leaders who ruled Japan under the nominal leadership of the emperor until 1868
succession
a sequence in which one person after another succeeds to a title, throne, or estate.
daimyo
the lord of a large agricultural estate in feudal Japan who supported the Shogun
Kyoto
center of court life
After move to Kyoto- Emperor strictly limited the # of Buddhist temples and monasteries that could be built.
Moving the capital also had the effect of isolating Kyoto from events in the provinces.
Hierarchy of Shogunate
Shogun
Daimyo
Samurai
Peasants