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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Zamindar
Hereditary aristocrats owning large tracts of land
Akbar
3rd Mughal Emperor
Jallianwala Bagh
Massacre in Amristar (1919)
Taj Mahal
Built by shan jahan in memory of his third wife
Diwani
Shah Alam gave rights to British East India Company
Bhimsen Thapa
First Prime Minister of Nepal
Muslim League
Political Party protecting muslim diaspora in India
Colin Mackenzie
Surveyor General of India
Deindustrialization
Caused by british rule and british productivity in textile manufacturing
Subhas Chandra
Leader in Indian national movement
Annie Beasant
Women's Rights Activist for Indian Self-rule
Tipu Sultan
De facto ruler of Mysore
Anandamath
Bengali novel. Synanymous with Indian Struggle for independence
Home and the World
Novel about struggle between Western Culture and Old Indian ways
Dandi march
Non-violent protest against British Salt Monopoly in India
Government of India Act
established the federation of India
Mansabdar
term for the military type grading of officers in mughal empire
madad-i-maash
grants of land for aristocrats under Mughal empire
Decline of the Mughals
After Aurangzeb's death, no emperors could hold power. Finally accepted control by the British
sulhikul
"peace with all". Akbar bridging the gap between muslims and hindus, promoting hundus to high ranking positions.
Din-i-illahi
religious doctrine intending to merge all of the great religions in the Mughal empire
Raja Rammohan Roy
an indian reformer challenging traditional hindu culture. Father of modern india. Fought against hindu practice of widow's lighting themselves on fire
Pondicherry
Union Territory of India. Former French Colony
Panchayat Democracy
political system in which respected elders were chosen to settle disbutes in a village community
Indian National Congress
one of two major political parties in India. Dominant party since independence
Bernard S. Cohn
anthropologist and scholar of British colonialism in India
Ahimsa
kindness and non-violence towards all living things
Satyagraha
philosophy and practice of nonviolence created by gandhi
Permanent Settlement of Bengal
agreement between East India Company and Bengali landlords for fixed taxes
Anglo-Gorkha War
Fought between Nepal and East India company. British won and recieved a third of Nepal's territory
Seperate Electorates
voting population of a country or region divided into electorates based on certain factors. They can only vote to elect their electorate representitive
Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata
an indian industrialist. father of Indian industry
William Bentinck
governor general of india 1828-1835
Military fiscalism
state basing economical model on sustaining its armed forces. high taxes for citizens
Arya Samaj
hindu reform movement believing int he infallible authority of the Vedas
Bankimchandra Chatterjee
key figure in literary renaissance of Bengal and India
Chauri Chaura
town that set fire to its british police station, killing 23
Round table Conference
conferences organized by british government to discuss constitutional reforms in India
Nader Shah Afshar
Shan of Iran and founder of Afsharid Dynasty
Zat/Sawar
Zat is amount of troops maintained, and Sawar is amount of horses
sepoy
indian soldier fighting for a european power
Swaraj
Self-rule. Ghandi's concept for Indian independence
Thugee
conman, a thug
Swadeshi movementq
economic revolt against Britain. Boycotting of british goods
Hundis
credits used for trade in india
Khilafat movement
pan-islamic movement started by muslims in India protecting ottoman empire after world war 1
Bhadralok
Bengal upper or middle class guy
Maratha
member of warrior class in india and a ruling class
Swami Vivekandanda
yoga guy. made hindu a recognized major world religion. head student of a 19th century mystic
Sikh
follower of sikhism
Sabha
a council or assembly
Babur
Mughal Emperor, founded it
Abul Fazl
Author of Akbarnama
Quanungo
Imperioal Accountant/IRS agent
Fauzdar
people responsible for terrirtories in Mughal empire
Lord Dalhousie
british colonial administrator in India mid 1800s
Prithvinarayan Shah
First Nepal prime minister
Bengal Renaissance
renaissance in bengal
yams and boulders
Nepal is a weak and soft country between two big and strong powers of india and china
Santhal rebellion
rebellion in 1855 against british colonials in east india.
Muhammad A. Jinnah
Founded Pakistan; its first governor general
Partition of Bengal
1905, bengal split in two by british for control reasons. causes big anti-british movement
Warren Hastings
first governor-general of india from 1773-1785
Sir Sayid Ahmad Khan
indian politician and islamic reformer
Battle of Buxar
Bengal/Nawab/ and mughals verses the british in 1764.
Battle of Plassey
1757. British victory over Bengal and french allies.
Charkha
spinds thread to make khadi. Used for the non-cooperation movement in india
Frontier Gandhi
Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Rabindranath Tagore
First non-european awarded nobel prize for literature
Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms
British Reforms in india to create self-governing instituions in India gradually
Babur
Invaded Punjab from Kabul and eventually won
1526. Battle of Panipat, defeated the large Delhi army
Defeated Rajput kings a year later at Kanua
Advanced weapons and military tactics over military size
Gained control over much of northern india
Died with his kingdom
Humanyun
takes over in 1530
a.Distributed provinces to his four brothers
b.Two of his brothers attacked and controlled Punjab and Central Asian Bases
c.Plagued by revolts in Afghanistan and Rajasthan
d.Lost control of his kingdom for 15 years, returned with a Mughal-Persian force after converting to Shia faith.
e.After 8 years of fighting, Humayun defeated his brother in Afghanistan
f.Moved to Northern india in 1554 and defeated the Punjab ruler at Sirhind