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42 Cards in this Set

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affricate
sound produced by complete stoppage of the flow of air followed by slow constricted release as a fricative. /č/ and /ĵ/
allophone
any of the nondistinctive variants of a phoneme.
aspirated / p/ and unaspirated /p/ are both allophones of the phoneme /p/ in PDE.
alveolor
sound produced by the tip or blade of the tonuge touching the alveolor ridge.
example = t, d, l, n
apex
tip of the tongue
articulator
movable part of the mouth, such as the lips or the tongue, used in pronouncing speech
aspirate
sound whose production is accompanied by a puff of air, as in the intial consonants of pop, top and cop.
bilabial
sound made with the two lips as articulators
examples = b, p, m
blade
upper surface of the toungue just behind the tip
consonant
sound produced by restricting or blocking the passage of air from the lungs through the mouth and/or nose.
example = PDE consonants are [p, g, s, v, l, m ]
dental
sound made when the tip of the tongue is toucihng the upper teeth
dipthong
a glide from one vowel position to another within a single syllable.
example = toy, the sound represented by oy is a dipthong [oi] that glides from o to i.
dorsum
back of the tongue
epiglottis
cartilage at the base of the tongue which folds over the glottis to prevent food from entering the trachea during swallowing
fricative
consonant produced by forcing air through a constricted passage, creating audible friction.
example = [Ø, v, z ]
glottal stop
consonant formed by closing the glottis and then opening it and releasing air suddenly.
examples = allophones of /t/ in english
hard palate
front part of the roof of the mouth that is supported by bony material
interdental
referring to the consonants formed with the tongue between the teeth .
example = [Ø] in think and [ð]
larynx
upper end of the trachea, containig vocal cords
lateral
a consonant prounounced by blocking the front of the mouth but allowing air to escape from one or both sides.
example = [l]
lax
a vowel produced with relatively little muscular tension
liquid
consonant produced without friction.
example = /r/ and /l/
nasal
referring to a sound produced while the velum is lowered so that much of the air escapes through the nose.
example = /m, n, ŋ /
palate
roof of the mouth, consisting of the bony hard palate in front and the soft palate in back
pharnyx
back of the mouth btwn the nasal passages and the larynx
point of articulation
nonmovable portion of the speech tract with which an articulator comes in contact
prosody
stress or pitch patterns that give a language its perceived rhythms
resonant
vague term for a voiced speech sound
retroflex
referring to a sound produced with the tongue tip raised and curled up toward the alvehor ridge
schwa
vowel /backward e /
example = as in alone, harem, and color.
semivowel
sound that shares chacteristics of both vowels and consonants
spirant
(fricative) consonant produced by forcing air through a constricted passage, creating audible friction
stop
consonant produced by compleltley closing the air passages and then suddenly opening them
tense
forms of verb that indicate time or duration of action or state expressed by the verb
trachea
tube going from the back of the mouth to the lungs: the windpipe
uvula
triangular piece of soft tissue that hangs down over the throat behind the soft palate
uvluar trill
an r-like sound made by vibrating the uvula
velar
referring to consonants formed by approaching or touching the back of the tongue of the soft palate
velum
movable soft membrane behind the hard palate that closes off the nasal cavity during swallows
vocal cords
bands of cartilage in the larynx. why they are tensed and air from the lungs passes through them making them vibrate, sound (voice ) results
voiced
referring to sounds pronounced while the vocal cords are vibrating
voiceless
referring to sounds produced without simultaneous vibration of the vocal cords
vowel
sound produced by unrestricted passage of air through the mouth, vibration of the vocal cords.