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23 Cards in this Set

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It is a frequent practice to insert an "accession clause" into an international treaty under which Powers who were not represented at the negotiations and who did not sign the original treaty can "accede" to it later
Accession Example
A good istance is Article 22 of the International Opium Convention of January 23, 1912, ehivh provides that "Powers who have not been represented at this Conference shall be admitted to sign the present convention."
Matters of general internationl concern which are not of sufficient importance to justify a formal treaty or convention are frequently arranged by means of an accord or agreement. The subjects dealt with by such agreememnts are copyright, public health, pharmacopoeial formulas, and so on.
Acte Final
It often occurs that at the conclusion of come conference or congress it is found convenient to draw up some formal summary or statement of its proceedings.
Ad Referendum
A negotiator often finds it conventient to accept some proposition on the part of those with whom he is negotiating without committing his own government.
When on government wishes to accedit an ambassador or a minister to another government, it is necessary that the individual selected should be approved by the government of the country which he is being sent.
It is generally accepted practice that a political refugee who takes asylum in a foreign country should not be deported back to his own country from which he has escaped.
There are three types of attache --> naval, military, air or commercial attaches who are generally senior officers and who are attached to a mission for specialized services.

-->Diplomatic: represent the lowest grade of diplomatic secretaries

--> Honorary Attache: an unpaid volunteer who is not a permanent member of the service bu who is generally a young man of private means and execllent connections who spends a space of time in an embassy of legation between finishin his university career and settling down to the serioius business of life.
the Bag
An ambassador or minister communicates with his government either by cypher telegram, by telephone, or in the form of written reports and despatches. The latter are placed in mail bags which are carried by special couriers or "Kings Messengers"
Belligerent Rights
This experssion is one which concerns international law rather than diplomatic practice. Under international law a govenrment wich is engaged in war possess certain recognized rights and duties. The most important of these rights is that which enables them to declare a blockade of the coasts and ports of their enemy. Insurgents and revolutionaries do not possess these rights until they are regognized as belligerents.
Casus Belli
A casus Belli is an act committed by one country against another country of such a nature as to justify war. Thus the invasion of Egypt by a foreign Power would be regarded by Great Britian as a casus belli
Casus Foeferis
A casus Foeferis means some action or event which brings into operation a particular treaty of alliance and justifies one party to that treaty in calling upon another party to come to his assitance.
Charge D'affiar
When an ambassador or minister foes on leave he entrusts the conduct of his mission to the next senior officer of the staff, either the counsellor or the first secretary. This official becomes for the time being, head of mission, conducts negotiations with the foriegn gov., and reports to his gov.
a less important form of treaty, namely one which is concluded, not between heads of states but between governments
Corps Diplomatique
The diplomatic body in any capital is composed of the diplomatic staffs of the several missions including the attaches. Consuls and student interpreters are not generally regarded as forming part of the boday. The Senior ambassador or minters become the "dean" of the body, and represents them in any disputes affecting their corperate rights and interest
an ambassador or minister is, on being appointed to a post, provided with Credentials, or Letters of Credence, signed by his sovereign or the head of state. Until he has formally "presented his letters" he is not offically recognized
The closest English equivalent for the expression "faire une demarche" is "make representations," nbut it should be remembered that the world in French covers all manner of representations from proposals to threats.
--> Offical request to host a foriegn minister
diplomatic illiness
it is frequently covenient for a statesmen or a negotiatior to absent himself from some ceremony or meeting. In order not to cause undue offense, he pleads illness. In cases where this malady is a feigned pretext it is called "diplomatic."
en clair
a telegram is sent either in secret code or in ordinary language. If the latter, it is called a telegram en clair. Such messages are sent when it is intended that the local government should read the messages without undue trouble
Good Offices
In the event of a controversey or war arising between two countries it often happens that a thrid country uses its "good offices" for the purpose, either of easing the controversy or facilitating peace negotiations. good offices differ from mediation in degree only.
Lasser Passer
Officals when travelling on business are accorded by the embassy of the country which they intend to visit a letter of recommendation to the customs authorities. This ensures that their luggage will not be examined at the frontier.
When a committee or sub-committee has been appointed by a conference to consider some specific matter, they choose one of thier number to be their spokesman with the main conference and to the present thier report.
Treaties are either bilateral or multilateral. Treaties of mutual guarantee are those international compacts which, as the treaties of Locarno, aim at guaranteeing each signatory against attack from another