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28 Cards in this Set

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Cause of Native American Deaths
Disease- measles, mumps, chicken pox, small pox, and typhus- about 100,000 died while Columbus was there- advanced weaponry
Atlantic Slave Trade
Economic results- triangle trade= people were able to both get products they needed and could not supply for themselves and could make money by exporting and importing- establishment of sugar plantations in colonies

Africa lost at least 12 million Africans to slavery= damaged African society
Start of the Slave Rebellion
Rights started to decrease for slaves, white and black slaves were treated differently, abuse
Stono Rebellion
1739
20 black slaves raided a store and took guns and other weapons- killed several planter families and marched south

unsuccessful- many captured and decapitated

Led to slave codes being written- harsh rules for slaves
Roger Williams
extreme separatist- believed that English settlers had no claim to land unless they bought it from the Native Americans
Anne Hitchinson
Believed that worshipers didn't need the church or its ministers to interpret the Bible for them
Headright System
Introduced by the Virginia Company in order to lure settlers to settle in Jamestown- 1618- anyone who paid for their own or another passage to Virginia got 50 acres of land= many people liked this idea and immigrated
Indentured Servants
Came from England to work on plantations in exchange for a pass to move to North America- got food and shelter- agreed to 4-7 years as a servant
French and Indian War
one of the causes of the Revolutionary war

French and British are arch rivals and are in the Seven Years war, this was first to occur in new world

Indians ally w/ French, battle British for land in Ohi valley- Britain wins, claims land

British use biological warfare on Indians: give them smallpox infested blankets during signing of peace treaties negotiated by Indians
Stamp Act reaction
Formed assemblies, laws, and petitions

many colonies agree not to import British goods

Sons of Liberty

Resolutions put forth by individual colonist assemblies
Boston Tea Party consequences
British closed Boston Harbor

Boston placed under Martial Law

New govt. appointed in Massachusetts

Intolerable acts
Intolerable Acts
Formed after the Boston Tea Party

Closed Boston harbor

Imposed the Martial Law
Martial Law
Bringing troops into colonies

Ruling by force
Townshend Acts
Charles Townshend taxes every imported good: law

Caused boycotts, women start giving resistance, “taxation without representation”—imposing taxes without representation of texed people in Parliament
What started the French Revolution in 1789
seeing that America could gain independence made French want to try as well

Success of Americans

Huge war dept after American revolution
Articles of Confederation
Rough draft of Constitution
Patriots
support America and Revolution

sought economic opportunities

American colonists
Loyalists
support Britain
Changed sides as war progressed

Avoid punishment after war from British

Opposed independence
Battle of Yorktown
first major battle won by Americans and George Washington

turning point of war --> marks end of fighting between Red Coats and Patriots
Crispus Attucks
Was killed in Boston Massacre
Republicanism
the idea that governments should be based on the consent of the people
Land Ordinance of 1785
encouraged small landowners to settle in the Northwest Territories because it made the parcels small and affordable

encouraged religion and public education by setting aside a full section of land which was sold to provide funds for a church and a minister’s salary. It also set aside section 16 of every township for school buildings
Shay's Rebellion
Happened because there was panic and dismay throughout the nation, every state had debt- ridden farmers, private property was in danger, feared the new nation would disintegrate
The Great Compromise
offered a two- house Congress to satisfy both small and big states. Each state would have equal representation in the Senate, or upper house. The size of the population of each state would determine its representation in the House of Reps, or lower house. Voters of each state would choose member of the House. The state legislatures would choose member of the Senate
Bill of Rights
protected personal liberties by guaranteeing citizens’ rights to freedom of religion, speech, the press, and political activity, bear arms, prevent the govt. from housing troops in private homes in peacetime, fair treatment for individuals suspected or accused of crimes
Mexican American War
1846-1848

US and Mexico heading in opposite directions- Mexico struggled to maintain control over the vast expanses of land it had inherited from Spain following its long war for independence- US confidently expanded its territories westward

The Mexican-American War was an armed military conflict between the US and Mexico in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas. Mexico did not recognize the secession of Texas in 1836; it considered Texas a rebel province.

It was called "an aggressive, unholy and unjust war"
Louisiana Purchace
Doubled the territory in the US- extended it to the Rocky Mountains
Jame Polk
President and an expansionist

proclaimed that one of his main objectives as President was the acquisition of California.