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101 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1013 BC(E)
Monarchy - Saul, David, Solomon
930 BC(E)
Division into 10 tribes
722 BC(E)
Northern Kingdom falls to the Assyrians
nirvana
non-existence, snuffed candle
586 BC(E)
Babylonian exile
Darsana
seeing
538 BC(E)
Restoration
Mata
opinion, thought, doctrine
168 BC(E)
Maccabees
Yoga
uniting
70 AD
Temple Destroyed
Samasara
doctrine of the transmigration of the soul through rebirth
100 AD
Hebrew scriptures finalized
Assyrians
1350-612 BC(E)
*612-Fall of Ninevah
Persia - Cyrus
559-530 BC(E)
Persia - Darius the Great
522-486 BC(E)
Persia - Xerxes
486-465 BC(E)
2500 BC(E)
Emergence point of Chinese civilization
Dharma
law of universe; it just is, spiritual and physical, the way things should be
Xia Dynasty
2205-1766 BC(E)
Karma
how far you deviate from said ideals, can be bad & good
Shang Dynasty
1766-1122 BC(E)
Castes
-Brahman
-Kshatriya
-Vaishyas
-Shadras
-Panchamas
Western Zhou Dynasty
1122-771 BC(E)
Brahman
priestly
Easter Zhou Dynasty
771-221 BC(E)
Kshatriya
warriors and nobles
Era of Warring States
445-221 BC(E)
Vaishyas
peasants and tradesmen
Feudalism
-decentralized sys. of power
-based on personal promises and obligations
-Mandate of Heaven (t'ien)
Confucius
551-479 BC(E)
Shadra
commoners and servants
Mengzi
-372-289 BC(E)
-spread confucianism
-2 doctrines:
*rulers should provide for welfare of people
*human nature is intrinsically good
Panchamas
untouchables
Daoism
-imp. of balance (Yin-Yang)
Demos
the people
Legalism
-philosophical sys. of gov.
Classical period
500-388 BC(E)
Shi Huangdi
-221-206 BC(E)
-standardized chinese writing, bureacracy, scholarship, law, currency and weights and measures
-Famous tomb with terra cotta soldiers etc
1000 yrs of Rome
-1st 500 = Republic
-2nd 500 = Empire
Early Han
206 BC(E)-8 AD(BCE)
Wang Mang
8-23 AD(BCE)
Later Han
23-220 AD(BCE)
Neanderthal Man
*Named for Neanderthal Valley in Germany where their remains were first found in 1856.
*200,000-40,000 yrs ago
Paleolithic period (Old Stone Age)
1.)First used bits of stone for tasks.
2.)Fashioning-prep. of a tool.
3.)Standardization-making implements according to set tradition.
Paleolithic
is a culture, not a chronological term.
Mehrgarh
7000-2600 BC(E)
Çatal Hüyük
-"forked mound"
-contains pottery, woven textiles, mudbrick houses, shrines honoring a mother goddess and plastered walls decorated with murals and carved reliefs.
Neolithic period (New Stone Age)
-Became a food-producing entity
-developments in tool-making etc, spread to Egypt and Europe
Mohenjo-Daro
-10 cities constructed on one site
-people lived outside city (Indian caste system?)
agency
how much control you have and you do with it
Indus Valley Script
-mostly seals
-hasn't been deciphered
1400 BC(E)
treaty between Hittite Kind Subiluliuma and the Mitannia king
Rigveda
hymns, prayers and rituals
yajurveda
instructions for priests
Samaveda
ritual formulas
Hittites
*Indo-european
*1st iron smelters
*Created empire in Anatolia
Atharveda
magic spells
Battle of Kadesh
-1300 BC(E)
-between Egypt and the Hittites
-Bronze Age vs. Iron Age
Upanishads
-800-600 BC(E)
-prose treatises: life is evil, want to escape
Sumer Civilization
3500-2300 BC(E)
Akkadians
2350-2000 BC(E)
Sargon of Akkad
2370-2315 BC(E)
*very successful ruler who was reputed to care greatly about lower class
Third Dynasty of Ur
2150-2000 BC(E)
Instability
2000-1800 BC(E)
Babylon
1800-1550 BC(E)
Hammurabie (Babylon)
1792-1750 BC(E)
Egyptian Civilization
-Nile v. predictable and reg.
-Gods more benevolent
-main institution was Pharaoh (an incarnation of god) and gods
Two Kingdoms
3500-3000 BC(E)
1250 BC(E)
Exodus
Old Kingdoms
2700-2200 BC(E)
Middle Kingdoms
2000-1800 BC(E)
Moska
liberation from reincarnation
New Kingdom
1570-1200 BC(E)
Menes
ca. 3100 BC(E)
-first egyptian pharaoh
-united upper and lower Egypt
Hyksos
ca. 1720 BC(E)
-"rulers of foreign lands"
-migrated and established a trade
Akkenaton
1363-47 BC(E)
-briefly converted Egypt to monotheism with the worship of Aton
-changed name from Amenhotep IV
Tutankhamen
1347-38 BC(E)
-9 yrs. old
-re-established the polytheism and the worship of Amon
Chandragupta (Maurya)
-Conquered northern India
-Created very efficient administrative system.
The Gupta Empire was run by whom?
-Chandra Gupta I
-Samudra Gupta
-Chandra Gupta II
Philip II
-Father of Alex. the Great
-Defeated and annexed Greece in to get help in war with Persia
sophrosyne
moderation, self control
(opposite of hubris)
Plato beleived:
-there is no essential differenc b/w men & women=>they're educated equally, and had same opportunities, etc.
-private property is selfish
Aristotle beleived:
-"doctrine of the mean"
-two kinds of vitrue, intellectual and moral
Alexander the Great
-Defeated Persian Empire & became king of it as well as Greece & Macedonia
-marched troops as far as from Egypt into India before turning back
-died from fever illness in 323 B.C.
oligarchy
"governed by the few"
aristocracy
"governed by the best"
polis
city-state
acropolis
high fortified site inside city-state
Chinggis Khan (Ghengis)
-seized Turkestan & Afghanistan and invaded Persia
-"Oceanic Ruler"
-1206 - 1227 A.D.
Kublai Khan
Ruled China and established the Yuan Dynasty
Gaius Marius (107 B.C.)
-Crushed Germanic threat in Gaul
-Created new army system with landless professional soldiers
Pompey (70 B.C.)
-defeated by Julias Caeser in Pharsalus in 48 B.C.
Octavian
Shared power with Marc Antony whom he later fought and defeated for full power in 30 B.C.
Pax Romana
"Roman Peace"
umma
"community" - aka a part of the Muslim umma
Hijra
Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Medina
jihad
"struggle"
hadith
"reports of sayings and activities of Muhammad"
sunna
"custom or practice of the Prophet"
caliph
"first successor" - aka. Abu Bakr became Muhammad's caliph as the head of the Islamic umma