Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-BC: Before Christ
-BCE: Before Common Era
-AD: Anno Domino (year of our Lord)
-CE: Common Era
This was a temple or a religious building that was physically imposing. There was a single room at the top floor, this room was always ready for the day that the city god would come and stay. It would become pretty much everything to the city like a place of government, a bazaar, and would be an important part of religion.
Behistun rock:
This rock would help translate the language of the Samantan’s language into Greek.
Rosetta stone:
This stone was discovered by Nepolean’s soldiers and helped translate hieroglyphics. There are two sets of Egyptian hieroglyphics and one set in Greek.
A philosophy which had a religious impact on the Chinese. It concerned morality and was based on relationships with superior – inferior. Superior was worthy of respect and had to be obeyed but would set good examples. Each side had its own responsibility which helped people live harmoniously.
A Dynasty that lasted 16 or 17 years. The alphabet was simplified so that common people could use it. They were harsh in many ways, for example they would ban books and would heavily tax its people.
Known as one of the greatest dynasties, for example Chinese people today sometimes refer themselves as “people of the Han.” They used Confucianism as a new state philosophy.
A person who grabbed power illegally. Though it was illegal, he would have supporters and followers from within the community that would help him gain power.
Means the city-state. It would be considered pride or citizenship, personality of the city-state. It is a community of citizens who shared common and identity and common goals.
Peloponnesian War:
Involved Athenians along with their allies against the Spartans and their allies. Athens losses all three wars, and it marks the end of democracy in Athens.
Known as the father of history. He was known for making up facts in history if there were any gaps.
Examined things and tried to figure things out. He only used facts to back anything up.
It was a ruler that was appointed as ruler at a specific time during an emergency and could last as short as 6 months. Example of this would be Cincinannatus who raised a great army, came back victorious and dropped his power.
Punic Wars:
A great war with Rome against Carthage. This war was for the dominance of the Mediterranean. Many wars were fought but Rome was victorious in the end.
Lead a great army of Carthage and was known for his intelligence and tactics of warfare. He fought for 15 years on the Italian peninsula without one loss.
Venus of Willendorf:
statuette of a female figure, discovered at a paleolithic site near Willendorf, Austria, in 1908. Carved out of limestone and is dated as far as 22,000 BCE. There is no specific facts on what she is or what she was used for.
Known as the time before writing was around. Often used to describe periods when there was life on earth, for example cavemen are known as prehistoric people or dinosaurs are known as prehistoric animals.
Pax Romana:
Known in Latin as “Roman Peace”, which was a long period of time of relative peace experienced by the Roman Empire. The term stems from the fact that Roman rule and its legal system pacified regions, sometimes forcefully, which had suffered from the quarrels between rival leaders.
Was a pharaoh that was known for restructuring the Egyptian religion to monotheistically worship the sun god. This sun god was called Aten and he inforced that it would be the only true god to believe in.
Founded by Siddhartha Gautama. His ideas could be viewed as a refromist form of Hindusim. It did not gain a lot of popularity.
Evidence of earliest religions beliefs from the Aryan people come from the Vedas. Believed in self-sacrafice called asectisism, reincarnation, and the idea of Karma to determine the class to be born into.
A philosophy set forms of behavior for humans. It was reached popularity in the years of the Zhou dynasty. Known for a less philosophy than a religion. Spirits of deceased humans lived in the atmosphere for a time before going to heaven or going to hell.
Known as the first Roman emperor. He was known to have restored the Republic, but lost to a battle when trying to conquer Germany. He created new order while placating the old by restoring traditional values.
"History is interpretative" Discuss this statement Throughly. Include sources, bias. Use examples.
History is interpretive because given a situation, different people may think one thing and someone thinks differently. History books can only be so bias. They should give the facts and you are entitled to your opinion. The facts also themselves can get so general.
A primary source is an eyewitness or letters in a journal from a person that was in the event.
What was the significance of geography on the earliest civilizations? Discuss Advantages and perils. Include how geography helped create uniqueness among civilizations and thier institutions. Focus on Two.
The significance of geography of the Nile River is for important to the Egyptian people. Also would the Mesopotamians was located in between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Both of these bodies of water gave life with the advantages of food, ways of travel, barriers to protect them and most important of all fertile soil. As for the Egyptians, their fertile soil would only come when the river would flood. It created some disadvantages as well from deaths from the flood, diseases from insects, and dangerous animals.
Select a religion from these early civizations and descrie it. Include impact/significance on the society.
The Egyptians were polytheistic and had remarkable number of gods associated with heavenly bodies and naturally forces. They had sun gods and land gods. One of the gods Osiris became important as a symbol of resurrection on earth. They had significant on the society because the people gave respect to the land and river, keeping their sources of life useful for time to come.
Choose any three civilzations. Discuss at least three contributions each gave to later civilzations. Explain how they were advances.
Three civilizations and three contributions that each gave to later civilizations is the Romans creating the Elite body guard called Practorian Guard which revolted against poor emperors. Rome also created Tribunes, which gave power to protect Plebians that later created more equality. Emperors also began adopting capable men as their sons to reduce the chance of a bad emperor.
-Another civilization was the Athenian Democracy. They developed a system were all citizens had the right to participate in running their city-state. It gave pride to the people which lead them to be great soldiers and citizens. The polis was created out of the dark ages. It gave them refuge and everything was done there.
-The last civilization is the Han Dynasty. They began Confucianism. Selected government officials based on merit rather than birth so that good soldiers had a chance to lead. The Hand was known of the period were trading expanded due to encouragement, which lead to people being able to make a living.
Spartan World
Spartans: They were a military dictatorship and the whole key to their society was to serve in Sparta Military. At the age of eight boys were taken from their mothers and put under control of the state. At age twenty they were enrolled in the army, at age thirty males were allowed to vote and stayed in the army until the age of sixty. Spartan women had greater freedom and were to remain fit to bear and raise healthy children. Society was based on laws founded by Lycurgus.
Athenian World
Athens: They were a democracy, and their power lay in their navy. The key to their society was to create better democratic citizens. The boys had a more rounded education with the teachings of writing. They were taught physical games to make them tough. Women could not be citizens and were taught formal education. Women were not allowed to leave the house unless for religious reasons or the company of a male. The poorer you were the more freedom you had, because of help that needed to be done to live.
"our constitution blah blah..." Who might have said this? Discuss this statement relative to its source, subject, accuracy, etc.
I believe Pericles said this in his speech at the funeral oration for those who had died defending Athens. Instead of glorifying the dead he celebrated the spirit of Athens. Athens is a democracy and those soldiers fought for the freedom of the people. Everyone has a right to choose what is good for the city rather than one leader choosing for everyone.
American Government has a system of checks and balances to ensure that one branch does not become tyrannical. In what ways did the government of the Roman Republic reflect similar ideas?
The Roman Republic reflected similar ideas of American Government regarding the system of checks and balances. They did this by creating a government that had two councils and one council could veto the other giving each other equal rights. There terms also were limited.
In two centuries, The Roman Empire went from one of the mightiest empires the world has known to decline and at least in the West, fall. Outline the reasons for the decline of the Roman Empire.
The reasons why the Roman Empire fell was because:
Obsession with conquest. They had Military difficulties.
The Government leaders became weak. Economic stagnation and decline.
Plagues, famines, and wars that lead to deaths. The rise of Christianity.
Moral Decay within society. Invasions from barbarians.