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11 Cards in this Set

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Give one word for :

I hold a rank in the government. I also have to maintain some cavalrymen.
Mansabdar
Whast was the Mansabdari system?
Akbar organised his nobility and army into the Mansabdari system. Under this each officer, civilian as well as army was given a rank called a mansab. The lowest rank was 10 and the highest rank 7000, given to princes.
Whast were the highest and lowest ranks?
The lowest rank was 10 and the highest rank was 7000.
Who were given the higher ranks?
The princes were given the higher ranks.
What were the zat and the sawar?
The ranking in the Mansabdari system was divided into two - zat and sawar.

The zat rank fixed the person's personal status and income.

The sawar rank fixed the number of men or sawars he had to maintain e.g. 3000 sawar meant he had to maintain 3000 men.
What were the different categories of mansabdars?
The first category of Mansabdars were whose zat and sawar were the same.

The second category , whose sawar rank was half or more than half of the zat rank.

The third category was where the sawar rank was less than half of the zat rank.
How many horses did each cavalryman maintain?
Each cavalryman maintained 2 horses.
How did the mansabdar get his income?
Each mansabdar was given a jagir and not salaray in cash. The revenue from the jagir became his revenue.
What were the main sections of the army?
The army consisted of the

- cavalry or men on horses

- infantry or soldiers on foot

- Artillery or guns and explosives

-elephants
Where did the main army come from?
The main army was supplied by the mansabdars.
A smaller part was provided by the rulers of the kingdoms who submitted to the emperor like the Rajputs.
Who were the Ahadis?
The Ahadis were troops, hand-picked by the emperor himself and worked directly for him.