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17 Cards in this Set

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Enclosure Acts
The British Government passed a law that you have to fence off your land to own it. This meant that many people couldn't afford to fnece their land in and it had to be sold. This meant that the rich people bought all the land and their were much fewer land owners.
Laissez Faire
This was the term used by the people when they wanted the government to stay out of the industrial revolution. If people wanted to work long hours for a few cents-let them.
Poverty as moral failure
Poverty was veiwed as moral failure in Great Britin. This is because people thought that if you were poor than you were lazy and you drunk too much. If you did not have a job you were put in the poor house and you weren't allowed to leave unless you had a job, which was almost impossible.
Karl Marx
Karl Marx was a mna who thought that conditons in Briitn would continue to get worse and worse until there were a few rich people and many many poor people. Karl Marx was incorrect in his predicition because the British Governemnt made reforms such as child labor laws. They also gave people more voting rights.
Upper Class
The upper class were extremely rich and lived easy lifes. In most cases money was inheritied so they did not do any work. They ate large dinners with fancy clothing.
Middle Class
The middle class worked hard for their money. They had values and believed in going to church.
Lower Class
The lower class was very poor. The worked very long days, many times 15-20 hours. They only got one day off, so they didn't go to church. Often times they would rink and have fun on their day off. These people couldn't save any money because all of their earnings would go to their room and board.
Upper and Middle classes additude towards poor
The upper and middle classes saw the poor as lazy people who didn't want to work. They saw as lower than themselves and they did not respect them at all.
Positive Changes of the Industrial Revolution
There were mney positive changes during the industrial revolution. The new farm machines mad it so one man could do what used to need 10 men.
Negitive changes in the Industrial Revolution
The negitive changes in the industrial revolution were that with the new advances in farming technology many people had to go find work elsewhere because they were not needed on the farm any longer. This meant that the had to go to the city to work long hours for almost nothing in the factories.
Martin Luther
Martin Luther was a monk who started the protestant church because he was against the Catholiuc Church Heirarchy.
Absolute Monarchy
Abosolute Monarchy was when the king had absolute power and no one could challenge him.
Constitutional Monarch
A Constituional Monarch is a king that rules under a consitiution.
Cavaliers
Cavaliers were nobles that were vary fancy and belived themselves to be above the law.
Roundheads
Roundheads were people who were rebelling against King James. They had plain roundheads hence the name roundheads.
Lord Protector
Oliver Cromwell made himself Lord Protector after he had King James beheaded. This meant he had absolute power.
Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell was the man who led the revolution against King Charles. He used his New Modle Army to take control of England.