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67 Cards in this Set

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Mesopotamia: Other Names (6)
Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Jews, Sumerians, Phoenicians
Mesopotamia: Location
Fertile Crescent, Euphrates and Tigris rivers
Mesopotamia: Time Period
3500 BC- 331 BC
Mesopotamia: Archeological evidence
freizes (art), swords, tablets
Mesopotamia: social structure and hiearchy
king- priest,landowners- merchants, craftsmen, free servants- poor, slaves
Mesopotamia: Life Styles
leader- education, cuneform, writing, trading
slave- working whole life
Mesopotamia: gov't
sumerians- small city state
priests governing
hammurabi's law
Mesopotamia: religion and philosophy
polythiestic- more than 1 god
ziggurats- religious buildings
jews- phoenicians, persians- 1 god
zoroaster- evil (heck), good (heaven)
Mesopotamia: Effects of other groups on this one
persia took sumeria and changed culture
sumeria died
syrus took over sumeria
Mesopotamia: Effects of this group on others
gave them the wheel, plow, they started technology, cuneiform, and religion
Mesopotamia: Historical Progression
cavemen :)- sumerians (wheel, sailboat, cuneiform, writing, irrigation, trade, plow, bronze)
Mesopotamia: Lasting Accomplishment
wheel, plow, trading, bronze, technology, museic law (first time moral code was for gov't)
Egypt: Location
egypt, n. africa, nile, fertile land, arabian desert, east of desert, cairio
egypt: archeological evidence
pyramids, art, writing, rosetta stone
egypt: evolution
from egypt??
egypt: social structure and hiearchy
pharoah (divine ruler)- preist, nobles, generals- women officials- peasants- slaves
egypt: gov't
pharoah
egypt: religion and philosophy
polytheistic except for akhanaton
they had temples
egypt: effects of other groups on this one
trading, wars, scientific advances
egypt: effects of this group on others
pyramids and architecure (others were jealous because they were rich and had good buildings and stuff)
egypt: historical progression
they got better and better at science
farming villages- pharoah- gov't
egypt: lasting accomplishments
pyramids and architecture, art, mummies
greece: location
peninsula in medditeranian by agean sea
greece: time period
2000- 1400 B.C
greece: archeological evidence
homers poems, troy (jewelry, city), buildings
greece: evolution
minoans, dorans, mycenians
greece: social structure and hiearchy
1. Nobles, Kings
2. Citzens, freemen
3. women, children, slaves
greece: life styles
colonies (seperate city states), city states
polis- city (surrounding country side)
greece: gov't
priests, aristocracy, democracy, leaders that made reforms
greece: religion and philosophy
human gods- local and household gods
code of lycourges: society and rules
socrates, plato, aristotle
greece: effects of this group on others:
helanism, art, democracy, astronomy, philosophy, mathematics
greece: historical progression
minoan age (trojan wars)- dark age- classical age (750-380)- macedonian age
rome: location
italy
rome: time period
1000- 27 BC
rome: archeological evidence
writings, whole cities found
rome: evolution
latins, greeks, etruscans
rome: social structure and hiearchy
emporers rule (kings)- plebians and patricians
rome: life styles
army- farmers- polititians
taxes, fathers rulers of the family
rome: gov't
kings are republic
overthrown around 500 BC
rome: religion and philosophy
got their ideas from conquered people (greeks)
from polytheistic- christian
rome: effects of other groups on this one
took alphabet from greeks and etruscans
took gods from greeks
rome: effects of this group on others
punic wars (julius ceaser- gallic wars, crosses back to rome w/ army, reforms laws, demands title of emporer and is then assasinated), rome wars
rome: historical progression
?? pax romana (octavian- marcus aureluis. the succession of emporers remains a problem, rome split. Constantine moves east)
rome: lasting accomplishment
christianity as state religion, latin language (language of learning), LAW
islam: location
mecca
islam: time period
around 570- muhammad born
611 AD visited by angel gabriel
613 AD started preachingi;
islam: archeological evidence
koran (bible)- muhammads teachings
bedoin- arab teachers
islam: social structure and hiearchy
based on religion/equality (respect for 'other people of the book')
shi'ite and(majority in Iran and Iraq) Sunni (successer is the best qualified)split over death of husayn
islam: life styles
5 pillars of wisdom: 1. faith 2. tithing 3. fast 4. pilgramige 5. pray
islam: gov't
based on religion
ruled by caliph (ruler in place of muhammad)
islam: religion and philosophy
all MEN are equal (women are lower)
5 pillars of islam
koran
islam: effects of other groups on this one
shared religious ideas
accept patriarchs
greek learning (adopt and preserve)
Aristotle (arabs preserve)
islam: effects of this group on others
major religion
overthrow Mecca
Eastern Desert
conquerers are influencd
Arabic language
islam: historical progression
muhammad preaches and gets followers
overwthrow mecca
conquer spain/france
make empire BIG- 5000 miles
turks overcome
islam: lasting accomplishments
scholarly things in arabic
religion
india: location
india subcontinent
india: time period
2500 BC- today
india: archeological evidence
Harrappa and Moenjo Dharma (ancient cities)
india: evolution
dravidians (native to area)
invaders (aryans, turks, alex the great)
india: social structure and hiearchy
based on hinduism
caste system-head gov't (brahmin, khashata)
india: life styles
based on place in hindu hiearchy
india: gov't
small independent states that are controlled
succession of Raja's (empires)
india: religion and philosophy
Buddhism- nirvana (perfectionism)
Hinduism- out of reincarnation cycle
india: effects of other groups on this one
islamic invaders
english
india: effecs of this group on others
Buddhism/hinduism
nonviolence, passive resistance
india: historical progression
1948 independence
india: lasting accomplishment
2 religions
architecture (taj mahal)
trade