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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
landforms
Physical features of the earth's surface.
tectonic plates
Slow-moving sections of the earth
glaciers
Great Ice Sheets
river system
River and all streams that flow into it.
archaeology
Study of remains of past human cultures.
artifacts
Products of human skill.
city-state
Cities and the surrounding territories
artisans
Skiled workers
ziggurat
Mesopotamian temple
cuneiform
Sumerian writing made up of wedge-shaped signs.
scribe
Sumerian writer
priest-kings
Sumerian governmental and religious leader
empire
Territories governed by a single ruler or nation
culture
Way of life
reform
Change that leads to improvement
reign
Period of power
Gilgamesh
famous priest-king of Uruk
Sargn I
Ruler from an area in northern Mesopotamia; Akkad; created world's first empire
Hammurabi
King of Babylon; conquered Akkad & Sumer; best known for creating code of law;reign during golden age of babylon
shadoof
Egyptian machine used to raise water
pharaoh
Egyptian ruler
pyramids
Large Egyptian tombs
embalming
Process used to keep dead bodies from decaying
mummy
Wrapped body of a preserved dead person
legends
Folktales or stories passed down from generation to generation
hieroglyphic
Egyptian writing system based on pictures
papyrus
Egyptian paper
Narmer
King of Upper Egypt; conquered Lower Egypt and united the two kingdoms
Ahmose
Prince of Egypt; began the period known as the New Kingdom
Thutmose III
Extended Egyptian control into Syria and Palestine