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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pro-monarchy, grouped formed in parliament. made up of people who supported the king and opposed puritan control of the church of england.
charles I
inherited the country's religious conflicts and political divisions-opposed the puritans and believed in the divine rights of the kings
oliver cromwell
military leader of the parliament- lead them to many victories.
middle claassed people who belonged to the Third Estate (largest social group in france- they had very few political rights or prvilages.
louis the 14th
1774, the 19-year -old grandson of louis the 15th, took the throne- wanted taxing on the nobility and the clergy
the draft, calling up all the men between the ages of 18 and 45 for military services. also called upon the skills and rescources of all civilians
supporters of the sans-cullottes and extreme radicals- formed the mountain, so called because its members sat on high benches at the rear of the hall.
maximilien robespierre
one of the leaders that lead the mountain which saw itself as the defender of the revolution and as the voice of the people
group of moderates- many of them came from the gironde, a reigon in southwest france. felt that the revolution had gone far enough and wanted to protect the wealthy middle class from radical attacts. they organized support to resist the growing streanght of the mountain in paris
popular vote
nobles who fled france- hoped to restore louis the 16th to full power- tried to convince the leaders of these governments that thir own rule would be threatened unless they halted the revolution
habeas courpus
a person could not be held in prison without just cause or without a trial- another step the increased individual rights and reduced those of the crown
habeas courpus
a person could not be held in prison without just cause or without a trial- another step the increased individual rights and reduced those of the crown
The return of a constitutional monarchy to Great Britain in 1660 under Charles II.
Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland- during her reign Mary Queen of Scots was executed and the Spanish Armada was defeated
spanis armada
the great fleet sent from Spain against England by Philip II in 1588
French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution (1712-1778)
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
Favoring traditional views and values; tending to oppose change- Belonging to a conservative party, group, or movement
diplomatic building that serves as the residence or workplace of a consul- The residence or official premises of a consul