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71 Cards in this Set

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War of Attrition
War fought between Israel, Egypt, USSR and Palestinian Liberation Org.
Warsaw Pact
Made friendship between West Germany and the People's Republic of Poland.
Mao Zedong
Led the communist Party of China and the People's Republic of China.
Long March
Massive military retreat by the communist Party of China.
Tet Offensive
Series of operational offensives by the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese Army.
My Lai
Massacre of hundreds of unarmed Vietnamese civilians, mostly women and children, by US soldiers.
Juan Peron
President of Argentina twice. Developed peronism which is a third way between capitalism and socialism.
Sandinistas
Led a revolution that overthrew the Samoza party and ruled Nicaraga for 11 yrs.
Mohandas Gandhi
Leader of India, led civil disobedince movements that were non-violent.
Stalin
Ruler of USSR communist party. Successor of Lenin.
Great Purge
Name given to campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union by Stalin.
Mikhail Gorbachev
Leader of the Soviet Union from 1985-1991. Helped end the Cold War. Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990.
Cold War
Period of tension/conflict and competition between the US and Soviet Union. No actual fighting took place.
Truman Doctrine
US foreign policy to contain communism in which the US could intervene if felt necessary.
Domino Theory
Promoted by US govt. that if one country falls to communism than others would follow.
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization consisting of a military alliance of Netherlands, Luxembourg, France and United Kingdom.
Ho Chi Minh
Prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
Jawaharlal Nehru
First prime minister of the Republic of India.
Dien Bien Phu
Small town in north-west Vietnam know for the events that took place there.
Viet Cong
Military organization of Vietnam, made many brutal attacks on their enemies.
Operation Rolling Thunder
Bombing against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam by the US.
Salvador Allende
President of Chile from Nov. 1970 until he committed suicide in 1973.
5-year Plans
Series of nation-wide centralized exercises in rapid economic development in the Soviet Union. (Never worked)
M.A.D. Mutual Assured Destruction
A doctrine of military strategy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by 1 of 2 opposing sides would eventually result in the destruction of both.
Marshall Plan
Plan of the US for rebuilding and creating a stronger foundation for the allied countries of Europe.
Ayatollah Khomeini
1st supreme leader of Iran.
Fascist Party
Italian party created by Benito Mussolini.
Nazi Party
Anti-semetic party led by Adolf Hitler, comitted Holocaust.
Stalingrad
Battle between Soviet Union and Germany for Stalingrad City. Bloodiest battle in history.
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Atomic bombings during WW2 against the Empire of Japan by US result of Pearl Harbor.
Auschwitz
Concentration camp located in Poland. Largest concentration camp. 3 million ppl killed there.
Nuremberg Trials
Prosecution of prominent members of Nazi Germany.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Indian Muslim leader of the All India Muslim League and founded Pakistan.
Proxy Wars
Where 2 powers use 3rd parties as a substitute for fighting directly.
Glashost
Russian word that means transparency. Mikhail Gorbachev used it to describe the reform of the Soviet Union.
Perestroika
Economic reforms by Gorbachev.
Pax Americana
Period of peace in the Western world after WW2.
Saddam Huessin
President of Iraq.
Pax Brittanica
Period of peace in Britain as they controlled key routes.
"Stab in the back" theory
Propaganda theory in Germany that the public lost the war.
Totalitarianism
Describes modern regimes in which the state regulates nearly every aspect of public/private behavior.
Beer Hall Putsch
Failed attempt of the Nazi Party to take power over Munich, Germany.
Untermenschen
Term used by the Nazis to describe inferior people.
Ubermenschen
Term used by the Nazis to describe superior people.
Lebensraum
Major politcal ideas of Adolf Hitler. Motivation for support promising a greater Germany.
Lost Generation
Group of American literary notables who lived in Europe from the end of WW1 till the Great Depression.
Ho Chi Minh Trail
Logical system that ran from Democratic Republic of Vietnam to the Republic of Vietnam.
The Final Solution
Novel by Michael Chabon describing the Nazis plan.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Joint resolution passed by the US congress that gave Pres. Johnson authorization without a formal declaration to use military force in Southeast Asia.
Collectivization
Policy adopted by the Soviet Union that peasants had to give up their farms and join collective farms.
Treaty of Versailles
Peace treaty that officially ended WW1 but put huge responsibilites on Germany making them pay back large reparations. Thought to be the underlying cause of WW2.
Asian Tigers
Refers to economics of Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
Battle of Midway
Naval battle in the Pacific during WW2. US defeated a Japanese attack against Midway Atoll.
Bolsheviks
2nd party congress in the Soviet Union that was founded by Lenin.
Augusto Pinochet
Military dictator and President of Chile from 1973-1990.
Cuban Missile Crisis
Confrontation during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the US missiles were placed by the Soviet Union to protect Cuba from planned US attacks.
Sputnik
Series of unmanned space missions launched by the Soviet Union to demonstrate artifical satellites.
Korean War
War between North Korea (China) and South Korea (US) when North Korea invaded South to try and pursue communism.
Iron Curtain
Boundaries which divided Europe into 2 seperate areas. Warsaw Pact countries and NATO countries.
Helsinki Accords
Final conference in 1975 between US, Canada, Soviet Union, and Europe for the relationships between states.
Nonaligned Nations
Organization of over 100 states declaring they are not for or against any major powers.
Detente
Term used to describe international politics in the 1970s. Relaxing and easy.
New Economic Policy
Required farmers to give the govt. a specific amount of raw agricultural products as a tax.
Third World
Developing nation, not industrialized, poor, not technoligically advanced.
Solidarity
1st noncommunist trade union in a communist country. (Polish)
Mussolini
Prime minister and dictator of Italy from 1922-1943 close alli of Nazi Germany.
Tiananmen Square
Large plaza near the center of Bejing where famous protests have taken place.
Gen. William Westmoreland
Commanded US military operations in Vietnam.
Douglas MacArthur
American general that handled Japan invasions during WW2.
D-Day
Day in which the allied forces came to liberate Europe from Nazis.
Hitler
Chancellor of Germany, founder of the Nazi Party. Comitted genocide.