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99 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Powerful families turned to personal soldiers to protect their interest
Household iteams left behind by early people; ex. Tools, poetry, paintings, buildings
method of teaching that answered question with question; answers lie within your own reasoning
Socratic Method
was chief form of entertainment; Circus, gladiator battles, plays were held there
a government by three people with equal power
smaller eastern Roman Empire, religion was eeastern orthadox
Byzantine Empire
New political and military system in which powerful nobles (large land owners) granted land to vassals in return for loyalty, military assistance
Pay ransoms, provided soldiers
a code of conduct they had to follow
Cut off from the church
A military expodition caried out by Eorpean christians in the middle agfes to regain the
the study of past societies through an analazation of the iteams people left behind
holy land form the Musilums
a person who moves from place to place
a valuble method that archeoloists and anthropologists use to determin the age of artafacts
radiocarbon dating
a number of people sharing social structure, religion, art
the way of life that people fallow
a city with politiacl and economic control over the surrounding country side
Company raised money by selling stocks (part of company that people owned); Any profit made would go to stockholders
joint-stock company
Qin Shihuangdi buid the great wall of china to keep nomads out.
Great Wall
major carriers of goods between Asia & Europe
silk road
a set of rigid caatgoier
caste system
wedged shpae, a system of writing developed by the Sumerians using a Reed stylist to create wedged shaped impressions on a clay tablet.
priest carvings or sarcred carvings a complex system of writing that uses both pictures and more abstract forms used by ancient egyptians and myans.
from Spain and Conquered the Native peoples
World contained fixed amount of wealth & to increase your wealth you had to take wealthaway from others because wealth meant power
a man who served the lord
strict warrior code
the most common of the various titles for the ancient egyptians monarchs. The term meant "great house".
Strong noble who owned land; Granted land to vassals
peasants; who worked for lords and vassles
Rented land from lord / vassal; Were blacksmiths, carpenters, millers, etc.
free people
he was a absolute ruler, the head of the Roman empire, everyone liked him
Julius Caesar
Queen of Egypt
a gladiator that lead Most famous revolt was in 73 BC
Took over from his father at 20; Considered one of greatest military commanders in history
Alexander the Great
strong ruler
Genghis Khan
Charles the Great; Conquered most of Europe; Was crowned by pope “Emperor of the Romans”
a prophet who spread the islamic religion
Italian navigator who wanted to find a quicker trade route to India but instead need up landing on the shore of the Bahamas
Christopher Columbus
Portuguese navigator who sailed for Spain, was the first to sail around the world
Ferdinand Magellan
Founded a school to train navigators
Prince Henry the Navigator
he wondered around china and made confusino around china, it was a philosphy not spiritual
(Buddha) he was the founder of Buddhism
Siddhartha Guatama
Muslim’s holy book
Koran (Quran)
teaching that answered question with question; answers lie within your own reasoning
through reason people can find the truth
his philosophies became the basis for the Scientific Method
What motivated European countries to push exploration?
Ambitions, rivalries, & patriotism
Where did Portugal set up a colony in the New World?
What was the primary interest in Africa by European countries by the 1600’s?
having slaves
What European country set up a large trading post in India?
What was significant about the Tang dynasty?
Established China as dominant power in East Asia
What happened to the Mongol empire after Genghis Khan died?
empire was divided up between his sons
What two Muslim countries were eventually formed out of India?
Pakistan & Bangladesh
Describes the geography of Southeast Asia?
Very mountainous Very dense forests
Angkor is what country today?
Where did the Burman people migrate from?
highlands of Tibet
Most Arabs traced their ancestors to whom?
to Abraham & his son Ishmael
What event became year one of the Muslim calendar?
Moved to town of Medina in 622, known as Hijrah
What is the central belief of Islam?
there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet
What are the five pillars of faith of Islam?
Belief, Prayer, Charity, Fasting, Pilgrimage
Where in Europe was the expansion of the Arab empire stopped at?
Gaul (France)
Why did the Arab empire decline?
Fighting over succession of caliphate; financial corruption; Lack of Arabs to run military & government
Describe the philosophies of the Arab empire.
Aristotle- the basis for the Scientific Method; Sophists- true wisdom consisted of being able to perceive and pursue one’s own good; Socratic – method of teaching that answered question with question; answers lie within your own reasoning; Plato-through reason people can find the truth; Hippocrates – considered founder of modern medicine; Pythagoras – wrote that everything can be explained by numbers
What were some of the accomplishments in math & science during the Arab empire?
Came up with algebra; Named stars; Developed medicine as field of scientific study
What is the best example of Arab architectures?
Muslim mosques
What happened to Julius Caesar?
Senate stabbed him to death because they feared his power
What geographical advantages did Rome have?
Fertile soil, access to water; Midpoint of Mediterreaian Sea
Why were the Romans successful in building & maintaining their empire?
Good at handling conquered ; had an excelent military, Law & politics
Which groups of people settled ancient Rome?
Latins, Etruscans, Greek
The Punic War was fought between what two empires?
Carthage & Rome
What events occurred in the Coliseum?
Circus, gladiator battles, plays
Who made up the First Triumvirate?
Julius Caesar
What was the Pax Romana?
Roman Peace
Who were the Gladiators?
slaves who had been trained for conbate
What happened to Jesus?
he was crusived
Where could the teachings of Jesus be found?
the Bible
What were the reasons for the fall of the Roman empire?
Plague; Economic problems; Military; invasions
What is considered one of the greatest examples of Greek architecture?
Sparta is known for its what?
famous revolt was in 73 BC
What contributions did the Greeks make to our culture?
the Alphabet
What geographic feature caused many Greek city-states to become isolated & very independent of one another?
peninsula & with many islands
Which Greek poet wrote the epic poems of the Iliad & Odyssey?
Why were epic poems such as the Iliad & Odyssey important to Greek society?
Education; honor & courage; role modles
What are the characteristics of Greek art?
Glorified humans as most important creatures in universe; Symbolized people’s pride in their city-state; Expressed Greek ideals of harmony, balance, order, & moderation; Believed in combining beauty & usefulness
What reasons did the men in Western Europe decide to go on a Crusade?
because of the money in the end
What led to the decline of Spanish exploration?
Used new found wealth to fund wars; Imbalance of trade; Inefficient government
What two Germanic tribes settled what will become England?
Angles & Saxons
What was created in the 1260’s to give more representation in government to the middle class and lords of England?
What was the disease that killed millions of people in Europe during Middle Ages?
What was the Neolithic Revolution?
The new stone age; the shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and growing of food on a reeeeegular bases
What was the Bronze Age?
There was a wide spread of Bronze; peple used tools and weeeeepons
What was the first civilization in ancient Mesopotamia?
the Sumeriens
What things did the Sumerians come up with?
the arch the dome, and they built some of the largest brick buildings in the world
What things did Egyptians come up with?
building of pryamids, mumification, hieroglyphics
What were the Phoenicians best known for?
for it's Alphabet
What country was created in 1949 as a homeland for the Jews?
What was the Paleolithic Age?
humans used stone tools