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70 Cards in this Set

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The discovery of this natural resource caused rapid population growht in California in 1848 and 1849
gold
This war was prompted by the annexation of Texas
war w/ mexico
this prominent abolitionist was a conductor on the Underground Railroad
Harriet Tubman
People who went to california during the gold rush were ----
forty-niners
she fought for laws giving married women rights to own their property
susan b anthony
after josheph smith was killed by a mob in 1844, this man became the new leader of the Mormons
brigham young
this idea encouraged americans to seek new lands on the north american continent
manifest destiny
these two men are most closely linked to the discovery of gold in california
john sutter and james marshall
in the late 1700s and 1800s this renewal of religious faith inspired americans to believe that they could make society better
second great awakening
in the 1840s, people followed this trail to new land and opportunities in what is now the northwestern u.s.
oregon trail
these trappers and fur traders opened up the west by discovering the best trails through the Rockies
mountain men
some merchants who followed this trail made large profits trading w/ people who lived in territory governed by mexico
santa fe trail
this group of americans sought religious freedom in the west
mormans
he provoked war w/ mexico when he sent troops into a region claimed by both the u.s. and mexico
james k polk
this treaty ended the war w/ mexico
treaty of guadalupe hidalgo
he commanded the texas army and was the first president of the texas republic
sam houston
james marshall's discovery set off the ---
california gold rush
people of spanish heritage who lived in texas
tejanos
in the 1820s he fufilled his dead father's dream by settling a group of americans in texas
steven austin
the land that teh u.s. acquired from mexico as part of the terms of the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo
mexican cession
another name for voting rights
suffarge
she was shocked to find that some prisoners were in jail not b/c they had committed crimes, but b/c they were mentally ill. she worked to improve conditions for the mentally ill. her efforts led to the building of 32 new hospitals
dorothea dix
organized by churches, this movement was a campaign in the early 1800s to stop the drinking of alcohol
temperance
another name for the movement to end slavery
abolition
in 1837 massachusetts set up the first state board of education in the nation, with this man at its head
horace mann
this is where the planners of the women's rights convention wrote the document that begins "All men and women are created equal".
seneca falls, NY
horace mann called this "the great equalizer"
public education
they were former slaves who went on to become effective abolitionist speakers
frederick douglas and sojourner truth
she helped organize teh women's rights convention and was the primary author of the declaration of sentiments and resolutions
elizabeht cady stanton
he published an important anti-slavery newspaper called "the liberator"
william lloyd garrison
this settled the controversy over statehood for california and the issue of slavery in the other territories gained fro mexico
compromise of 1850
this act called for the residents of kansas and nebraska to vote to decide the issue of lsavery
kansas-nebraska act
white southerners charged that this book did not portray slavery accurately
uncle tom's cabin
hoping to seize weapons for a slave rebellion, this radical abolitionist captured a u.s. arsenal at harpers ferry, virginia
john brown
he was elected president in 1860
lincoln
this 1850 law helped slaveholders recapture runaway slaves
fugitive slave act
his lawsuit to gain freedom was denied in a landmark supreme court decision
dred scott
this new political party was formed by free-soilers, northern whigs, and democrats who opposed slavery
republican party
although he lost a senate seat in 1858, abraham lincoln became nationally known b/c of debates w/ this opponent during the campaign
steven a. douglas
the author of uncle tom's cabin
harriet beecher stowe
this event marked the beginning of the civil war
fort sumter
the president of the confederacy was ---
jefferson davis
this is what the southern states did when they withdrew from the union
secede
in february of 1861, the states that had withdrawn from the union formed the ---
confederate states of america
the belief that people living in a region should decide key issues
popular sovereignty
this amendment to the constitution abolished slavery
13th amendment
he assassinated presidnet abraham lincoln
john wilkes booth
this battle resulted in the bloodiest day in all of american history with neither side having gained any ground
battle of antietam
on january 1, 1863 abraham lincoln issued this announcement which freed all slaves in confederate territory. he hoped this would weaken the south's ability to fight the war
emancipation proclamation
the turning point of the civil war
battle of gettysburg
commander of the confederate army
robert e lee
commander of the union army
ulysses s grant
the major confederate mistake which led to union victory at gettysburg
pickets charge
this is where the confederate army surrendered to the union army, thus ending the civil war
appomatox court house
lincoln gave this speech to commemorate union casualties after the battle of gettysburg
gettyburg address
this amendment to the constitution gave african americans the right to vote
15th amendment
this amendment to the constitution gave african americnas full citizenship
14th amendment
southern laws designed to limit the rights of african americans
black codes
this was a form of agriculture that became common in the south, in which the landowner let the farmer work the land in return for a share of the crop. the problem with this type of agriculture was that it often created a cycle of debt fot the farmer
sharecropping
a secret group that deprived former slaves of their rights and tried to restore white control in the south
ku klux klan (kkk)
The house of representatives impeached him for violating the tenure of office act when he fired his secretary of war
johnson
the process the federal government used to readmit the confederate states into the union
reconstruction
a rumor that spread amont former slaves was that they would recieve ----
40 acres and a mule
in 1875, this act outlawed racial segregation in public services and ensured the right of african amerians to werve as jurors
civil rights act
this ended reconstruction in the southern states
compromise of 1877
The house of representatives impeached him for violating the tenure of office act when he fired his secretary of war
johnson
the process the federal government used to readmit the confederate states into the union
reconstruction
a rumor that spread amont former slaves was that they would recieve ----
40 acres and a mule
in 1875, this act outlawed racial segregation in public services and ensured the right of african amerians to serve as jurors
civil rights act
this ended reconstruction in the southern states
compromise of 1877