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43 Cards in this Set

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What does the 14 amendment say?
The state can't take away a law abiding citizen's life, liberty,or property
Who was the first vice president
John Adams
Who were the War Hawks
They were a group of men (coalition) led by Henry Clay. They desired to be free from British influence.
What is mudslining?
It is a highly practiced idea that opponents use. The act of making malicous statements about your oppontent. This became quite popular in the election of 1828.
What was the stage coach?
a coach that was like a bus
Who had the "Kitchen cabinet" and what was it?
Jackson; it was his cabinet that he had of his personal friends that he trusted, but they always met in his kitchen and had a sort of informal meeting.
who was the "man without a party"?
John Tyler
Define the term manifest destiny
The belief that it was God's plan for the American's to own all of the west to the shores of the Pacific.
On _____________, John ________, had a hired mechanic James W. _________ to biuld and operate a sawmill. While making his daily inspections, ________ found ______. This led to the ________________________
Janurary 24 1848;sutter;marshall; marchall;gold; California gold rush
What does the 13 amendment say?
No slavery or involuntary work of someone who has done nothing wrong
Name some of the results of the War of 1812...
This war was a misunerstanding, so Britian didn't put their whole heart into it... But, America was not ready for this war and suffered many lives.
What was Alexander Hamilton's plan to get the nation out of debt?
first, make an excise tax, then, repay the money borrowed during the Revolutionary War, and then make a national bank.
What was the tarrif of abominations?
a tarrif set by John Quincy Adams in 1828, and some southerners threatened to leave the Union.
What is a revenue tarrif... protective...
a tax designed to raise money; to protect small, American businesses from foreign competition
which president was known as "old kinderhook"?
Martin Van Buren
Texas first applied for annexation to the U.S. in _________ and was _________
because ______________________________________________________________________________
1836;refused; Mexico threatened war with the U.S. if they let Texas in.
What is the cotton gin and who invented it?
the cotton gin sifts through cotton and gets all the yucky stuff out; Eli Wittney
What is nullification?
When a state disagrees with a law that the U.S. makes, they can make it null adn void intheir state, which meens it doesn't count for their state.
What was significant about the Santa Fe Trail?
It was the first American route west of the Missouri River. Was primarily a trade route and wasn't used much by settlers.
When did Texas gain Statehood?
1845
What are the two most important documents in American history?
> Declaration of independence
> Constitution with the Bill of Rights
When was the Louisiana Purchase?
December 20, 1803
What is a tarrif?
tax on imported goods
What was the Missouri Compromise?
It was a bill suggested by Henry Clay that said that we had to keep the balance even between slavery and nonslavery. It would be aided by the line of 36 30'.
When was the first American locomotive on a railroad track built... By who... Where...
1825;John Stevens;Hoboken New Jersey
What is an embargo?
a stop on all exports from the United States.
Name the five freedoms in the first amendment
religion
speech
press
assembly
petition
How much did they pay for the Louisiana Purchase?
about $15 million
What was significant about the election of 1824?
Henry Clay won, but then he dropped out, and he gave all of is votes to John Quincy Adams who then became president.
What did Peter Cooper do?
He built the first major track for a train in 1830.
What is mass production?
it is making one product or item many many times over and over again.
What was significant about the California Trail?
It is a branch of the Oregon Trail, extended south and west. It became important as a route for gold seekers and settlers.
The Mexican/American war made the ________________ idea a reality, but it also reopened the idea of _______ to the people. _____________________also benefitted from the war because he was the next president because of his actions during this war.
manifest destiny;slavery;zachory taylor
What is the Bill of Rights?
It is the first 10 articles of the constitution explaining what they believed to be our God-given rights
What are precedents?
Things that a President of the U.S. does that the rest of the Presidents will do. To set a tradition
At the time of the 1830's what form of transportation would most prefer?
It would always depend on where they were going... If through or around water, boat or canal, but on regular land, train.
What does the legislative branch do?
The judicial... The executive???
leg:makes laws
jud: interprets laws
exe:enforces laws
What is the supreme court
it is the highest court that you can take your case to in the U.S.
What are some of the precedents set by George Washington?
"so help me God", established a cabinet, two full terms of four years...
Tell some of the causes of the war of 1812...
The British were still influencing Amercia in Canada and in some ways picking on us. The British wouldn't leave America alone.
What was the pony express.
an operation for the nation's postal service beginning on April 3, 1860. Riders carried messages on horseback from ST. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento California.
Who was the hero at Tippecanoe?
Harrison
What was significant about the Oregon Trail?
First traced by mountain men. Fur trade route. Largely forrgotten until Jedediah Smith rediscovered it. Became important to settlers and missionaries going west.