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37 Cards in this Set

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Townshend duties
Who:Charles Townshend - cheif financial minister
What:tax on paper and tea and other goods and allowed British to monitor colonial trade.
When:1767
Where:Boycotts started in Boston
Significance:Lead to the Boston Massacre
Tea Act
Who:Parliament
What:Placed a large tax on tea
When: 1773
Where:In colonial America
Significance:Leads to the Boston Tea Party
Daughters of Liberty
Women in the Colonies who contributed in the revolution by doing anything from clothing so they didnt have to buy it during the Townshend Duties to actually serving in the war. THis showed the political role women stated to take on during and after the revolution.
Thomas Gage
First British general and govenor of Mass. at the beginning of the revolution.
Significance:
Lexington + Concord
In 1775 the first official battle of the American Revolution took place in Lexington and Concord between the British and the Patriots.
Stamp Act
During greenville's term a tax was placed on all printed materials, it cost the colonists 10 times more to buy a pieve of paper than it did in 1763. This caused alot of resistance in the colonies.
Boston Tea Party
Towards the end of 1773 a group of disgruntled colonists desguised as Indians borded a British ship and dumped over 300 chests of tea into the harbor costing the East India Company the equivilant to 4 mil. today. This enraged the English more, and showed the rising tensions between the English and the Americans.
French and Indian War
War between the the French allied with the Indians agains the British allied with the Iriqois in Northern America caused by the growing British colonies pushing into French territory. 1756-1763
Thomas Paine and Common Sense
Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet in 1776 stating that it was common sense that America would eventually break free from England. The pamphlet sold 100,000 copies in 2 months in the colonies. It further fueled the fire towards becoming and independant nation.
Thomas Jefferson
Man of the enlightenment.Delegate chosen for continential congress and a master politicianfrom Virginia. Later elected president in 1800 during his time in office he made several important decisions for America including matters dealing with the barbary pirates, and napoleon ( louisiana purchase.
George Washington
Great military leader in the Revolution and becomes the first president of the US in 1789 and is reelected in 1792.
Benjamin Franklin
Man of the enlightenment. Worked as a printer most of his life. Key in diplomatic relations for America throught his life. His life protrayed 18th century American life.
Articles of Confederation
Americas 1st try at createing a government. Colonist feared central government and didnt want it to be like a monarchy. Instead they put in place the articles which was a state government. This turned out to be a disaster because it gave no one any real power.
Saratoga
Battle in Albany in 1777. General Howe abandons Burgoyne and goes to philadelphia. Burgoyne surrenders.This leads to the French-American alliance.
Yorktown
Battle in NY in 1781 where patriots surround British troops. Cornwallis and clinton surrender. This signifies the end of the war.
Northwest Ordinance
put into place in 1787 the ordinance called for the establishment of three to five states and prohibited slavery in the old northwest.
Shay's Rebellion
A rebellion to the first taxes to help repay debt of the revolution. Danielle shay demands taxes reliefe and raieses and army. They beat and kill tax collectors. This further impressed the need for a certralize gov't on the colonist.
The Revolution and Slavery
Begins the path to freedom. Several colonies start to ban it.
1) Quakers
2) New England 1783
3) NY 1799
4) NJ 1804
The Revolution and Women
Women took on a new role during this period of time. They become more politically empowered. This softens the patriarical views of women of the time but then reasserts it when men feel slightly threatened. Women were not addressed in the constitution.
The Revolution and Indians
Most tribes didnt fight in war. The Iroqouis remained allied with the British.Cherokee allied with the Patriots.
Alexander Hamilton
NY lawyer that heads the movement towards a Federal gov't in the 1780s. Calls the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and convences George Washington to endorse the Federalist party.
James Madison
Asists Hamilton in selling the idea of a centralized gov't. With TJefferson proposes the idea of the three branches of government. Later became president in 1808
The Bill of Rights
First ten amendments to the constitution adopted in 1789 and ratified in 1791. The Anti-Federalists insisted on these amdentments to ensure the centeral gov't have some of the issues the monarchy did.
The American Constitution
Document signed in Philadelphia in 1778 of policies for the new American government. Many men helped create the document including George Washington and Benjamin Franklin. The document addressed issues such slaves and indians but did not address women.
The Whisky Rebellion
Protest by Pennsylvania farmers against the tax on whisky in 1794.
The Alien Sedition Acts
Acts passed in the colonies in 1798 that limited freedoms of press and speach and the liberties of non-citizens
XYZ Affair
1797 French ships plundered American ships and a bribe was demanded. America refused to pay which caused sea battles for two years.
Federalists
One of the two first political parties in the US> led be George Washington, and Alexander Hamilton. These people believed in centeralized government.
The Republican Party
Organized in 1854 by people believing in anti-slavery. (Democrats) formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Maddison.
Judith Sargent Murray
Womens rights advocate. Wrote "equality of sexes" Insisted upon equal education opporunities.
William Howe
British general in the early years of the revolutions. Didnt do much to offset American troops.
John Adams
Polotician and Lawyer. Advocated early resistance of British taxes and the idea of American Independance. Later became president.
John Marshal
Supreme Court Justice appointed during Samuel Adams term. Set up Judicial Review. Ruled in Marbury vs. Madison
Marbury vs. Madison
Court case that ruled in set up Judicial Review. The case was ruled in favor of Madison.
Lewis and Clark
After gaining the Louisiana Purchase (1803) Jefferson sent out these explorers to find plants and animals and gain relationships with the natives in the new frontier and also to find a water route to the Pacific.
Tecumseh
Native American leader who pushed tribes into reverting back to traditional ways and refusing the whites. Later became a British General.
William Henry Harrison
American army leader who lead the battle in which Tecumseh was defeated.