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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
republic
government in which some officials were chosen by the people
patricians
members of the landholding upper class
consuls
official from the patrician class who supervised the government and commanded the armies
dictator
ruler who has complete control over a government; Rome- a leader appointed for six months in times of emergency
tribune
official elected by the plebians to protect their interests
plebian
member of the lower class; farmers, merchants, artisans, traders
veto
power to block a government action
legion
basic unit of ancient Rome army, made up of about 5000 soldiers
Laws of 12 tables
laws inscribed on 12 tables in the market; made it possible for the first time for the plebians to appeal a judgment handed down by a patrician judge
Jupiter
ruled over the sky and other gods
imperialism
establishing control over foreign lands and peoples
provinces
land outside the city of Rome that was controled by the Roman government
Hannibal
Carthaginian general during the second Punic War; moved across Italy and won many battles
Tiberius Gracchus
elected tribune in 133B.C, called on the state to distribute land to poor farmers
Gaius Gracchus
elected tribune 10 years later; wider range of reforms: bought grain to feed the poor
Julius Ceasar
military commander, completed the conquest of Gaul, launched a program of public works to employ the jobless and gave public land to the poor, reform of introducing a new calendar
Augustus
Octavian, declared himself first citizen; exercided absolute power; republic came to an end and the age of the Roman Empire began
Pax Romana
period between Augustaas and Marcus Aurelius, roman rule brought peace, order, unity, and prosperity
Cirus Maximus
largest race course