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87 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Commodus
Son of Marcus Aurelius
Not a good emperor.
Assassinated in 192
Barracks Emperors
Military commanders who came to power through the army
They lost office and lives because there was no support from the army
Parthian Empire
Parthians (Rome's greatest political rival)
Ruled Mesopotamia and Iran
Diocletian
Political- tetrachy
Social- unified by worshiping emperor
Economic- monetary system
Tetrarchy
"rule by four rulers"
2 in the west- senior and sub. emperor
2 in the east- senior and sub. emperor
Constantine
legalized Christianity
Mass
Meal and prayer service for "The Last Supper"
Sacraments
Ways God gave grace to Christians; masses
Clergy
Taught and enforces Christianity; priests (local); bishops (diocease)
origen
Trinity; Father, Son and the Holy Spirit
Augustine of Hippo
Theologian
The City of God
Everyone deals with sin but sacraments help god forgive us
Council of Nicaea
a meeting of bishops, theologians and other religious leaders
Theodosius
emperor; made Christianity the official Roman religion
Anthony
first hermit; isolatoin and ascetism
Pachomius
hermitl guidelines for work, meals and preyers, behavior for monks
Constantiople
new capitol
eastern half is more important: politics and economy in the East
Comitatus
german; free warriors
Feud
when family members would help out a relative and support them
wergeld
"man money"
cash payment
solution for a feud
Goths
multi ethnic military tribe
Huns and Avars
horse ruding nomads
ferocity and battlefield skills
Theodosius
Roman Emperor
Battle of Adrianople
Romans vs. Goths
first Roman loss to a "barbaric" army
Alaric
Gothic leader
Attila
Hun leader
Pope Leo I
Church official who led negotiations with Roman leaders
Odoacer
Gothic
Roman General
overthrew Romulus Augustulus
Romulus Augustulus
western emperor
Justinian
527-565
administrator and military commander
Sassanids
Rulers of the Persian Empire
Nika Riots
Fans of Blues and Greens
Theodora
Justinian's wife
promoted Monophysite heresy
she was a dancer, not like by the people
Hagia Sophia
Famous basilica in Constantinople
Sifnature monument of Istanbul
100 ft high
200 ft across
Codex Iuris Civilis
Code of Justinian
commentaries and explanations of laws
Iconoclasm
removal of all icons
Heraclius
610-641
official government language ot Greek
Bedouins
nomadic herdsmen
buuilt around extended family groups or clans
warrior society
Qu'ran
the islamic holy scripture; the message from Gabriel written down
Attila
Hun leader
Pope Leo I
Church official who led negotiations with Roman leaders
Odoacer
Gothic
Roman General
overthrew Romulus Augustulus
Romulus Augustulus
western emperor
Justinian
527-565
administrator and military commander
Sassanids
Rulers of the Persian Empire
Nika Riots
Fans of Blues and Greens
Theodora
Justinian's wife
promoted Monophysite heresy
she was a dancer, not like by the people
Hagia Sophia
Famous basilica in Constantinople
Sifnature monument of Istanbul
100 ft high
200 ft across
Codex Iuris Civilis
Code of Justinian
commentaries and explanations of laws
Iconoclasm
removal of all icons
Heraclius
610-641
official government language ot Greek
Bedouins
nomadic herdsmen
buuilt around extended family groups or clans
warrior society
Qu'ran
the islamic holy scripture; the message from Gabriel written down
Mecca
important trade center; where Muhannad lived
Hijira
Mecca --> Medina
Medina
Mecca's neighbor city

ruled by islamic people
Sharia
law code fromt he Qu'ran
Caliph
"successor"
Abu Bakr
Muhammad's uncle who carried on Islamic ways and conquered Egypt, Syria an the Sassanid Persian Empire
Umayyad Caliphate
capital was moved to Damascus
heresy
unorthodox idea
Muhammad
prophet of Islam
had revalations
Abassid Caliphate
762
successful rebellion against the Umayyads
capitol in Baghdad
Benedict of Nursia
an abbot at Montecassino
wrote the most famous and widespread rule for monks- Benedictine Rule
Petrarch
scholar
wrote Late Middle Ages
wanted to recover classics of Greek and Latin literature <-- and that's why peple were "surrounded by darkness"
Dark Ages
450-750
drop in population
decline of urbanization
falling levels of literacy
barter
barter trading
giving chickens instead of money
didn't work in large projects
Benedictine Rule
emphasized work, prayer, obedience, and the subordination of the will
chastity
everything was regulated
england --> Western Europe
only rule followed in the Frankish Empire
Frankish Empire
modern day France and Germany as well as parts of Italy
Cassiodorus
an official to Theodoric
retired to a monastery in 540
manuscript copying
Theodoric
Ostrogothic king
Visigoths
Spain
two-tier system
laws for goths and laws for christians (Romans)
Ostrogoths
Italy
two-tier system; Justinian invades but loses Italy ot the Lombarts who integrated
Saxons
Britain
Drive Romans out- Pagans (non-Christians)
Franks
Gaul
used Church to extend power; Clovis converted to orthodox christianity (united)
Clovis
king of the Franks
first Germanic king to convert to orthodox Christianity
Reccared
Visigoth King
586 coverted to orthodox Christianity
Lombards
Germanic settlers
loosely-organized network of military districts ruled by dukes
originally Arian
Gregory of Tours
538-594
bishop of Tours
wrote a history of the Franks
Salic Law
the Franks written versions of their tribe's laws
St. Patrick
Ireland
converted island in 435
clans; abbots and bishops; monasteries
Columba
missionary
monastery on Scotland --> N. England
Augustine of Canterbury
monk- went to Canterbury and set up mornal Roman/Catholic church
converted Canterbury and Anglo-Saxon Britain
Ethelbert of Kent
Anglo-Saxon king (wife was Christian
accepted Christianity
Oswy of Northumbria
Anglo-Saxon King of Northumbria
Called the Synod to solve the Easter Problem
Synod of Whitby
council of Northumbria
calculating Easter
chose the Roman side
Bede
673-736
historian and monk
wrote a history of the English Church
Boniface
missionary who converted Central and Southern Germany to Christianity