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29 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
epic poem
long poem that tells deeds of the hero
polis
a town, a city or a village and its surrounding country side
acropolis
a the top a hill, usually served as a place of refuge during attack and became a religious center on which temples and public buildings were biult.
agora
open area where people could gather as a maket
democracy
government ruled by the people or the many
oligarchy military state
ruled by the few
Solon
ruled over Athens for a time, he canceled all land depts and freed those fallen into dept but refused to take land from rich and give it to the poor
Cleisthenes
ruled Athens and gave it the foundations for democracy
Pericles
Age of Pericles
-Athens expanded empire
-democracy flourished
direct democracy
the people participate directly in goverment decisions through mass meetings
Socrates
philosipher, thought the goal of education was to improve the individual. Invented question and answer format so students develope their own reasoning
Plato
One of Sacrates's students hs ideal state is the republic. At the top philosiphers and kings then worries the producers
Aristotle
studied at Plato's school the Acadomy he studied government monachy, aligarchy and constitutioal government, he favored constitutional government
Alexander the Great
took over rule of Macedonia when his father Philip II died. He conqued many lands and pushed troops to hard
repiblic
form of government i which the ruler is not a monach and certain citizens have the right to vote.
Hanibal
Catherage's greatest general

Rome conquered most of the Mediterean Sea
patricians
Great landowners who became Rome's ruling class.
plebeians
less wealthy land owners craftspeople, mechants, and farmers who were part of a much lager class
Julais ceaser
deafeated forces lead by Pompey
Octavian

later Agustus
Ceaser's nefew defeated troops lead by Mark Antony and took control of the Roman world
Agustus or revered one
the senate named him imperator
imporator
comander inchief
Five good emperors
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrain, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius
Pax Rama
Roman Peace
Twelve Tables
Roman law that was a product of a small farming society and later became inadiquate. Only applied to Roman citizens
Law of Nations
natural or universal laws based on reason
christianity
became a religious movement within Judianism
spread along Asia Minor
Constantine
first christain emperor
cleregy
laity
church leaders
church members
Constantinople
Constantine's new capital city