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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry
Industrial Revolution
an economic system based on private and free enterprise
capitalism
money for investments
capital
the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively for profit with minimal government regulation
free enterprise
application of scientific discoveries to practical use
technology
a michine that removed seeds from cotton fiber
cotton gin
a document that gives an inventor the sole legal right to an invention for a period of time
patent
system bringing manufacturing steps together in one place to increase efficiency
factory system
uniform pieces that can be made in large quantities to replace other identical pieces
interchangeable parts
large businesses
corporations
shares of ownership in a company
stock
official count of population
census
a road that one must pay to use
turnpike
in a canal, an enclosure with gates at each end used in raising or lowering boats as they pass from level to level
locks
loyalty to a region
sectionalism
federal projects, such as canals and roads, to develop the nations transportattion system
internal improvements
policies devised by henry clay to stimulate the growth of industry
american system
removal of weapons
disarmamanet
to remove armed forces from land and area
demilitarized
to try by a military court
court-martialed
invented the cotton gin
eli whitney
british factory worker who brought his ideas to the u.s
samuel slater
opened the first major textile factory
francis cabot lowell
federal projects, such as canals and roads, to develop the nations transportattion system
internal improvements
policies devised by henry clay to stimulate the growth of industry
american system
first government funded road built to make transportation to the west much easier
national road
built the first steam boats that were able to handle the strong winds and curretns of large rivers, first boat was called the clermont
robert fulton
removal of weapons
disarmamanet
363 mile water way that liked the hudson river, and lake erie
erie canal
to remove armed forces from land and area
demilitarized
to try by a military court
court-martialed
period of time after the war of 1812 when all political party lines and differences seemed to go away, and most citizens agreed on what direction the country should go
era of good feelings
south caroilna planter who pushed for states rights and their ability to function individually with out the national goverment
john c. calhoun
invented the cotton gin
eli whitney
new hampshire and massachusetts politician who felt that the national government should do whatever needed to help american industries
daniel webster
british factory worker who brought his ideas to the u.s
samuel slater
opened the first major textile factory
francis cabot lowell
speaker of the house from kentucky who tried to find a compormoise between states rights and the rights of the national government
henry clay
first government funded road built to make transportation to the west much easier
national road
built the first steam boats that were able to handle the strong winds and curretns of large rivers, first boat was called the clermont
robert fulton
363 mile water way that liked the hudson river, and lake erie
erie canal
period of time after the war of 1812 when all political party lines and differences seemed to go away, and most citizens agreed on what direction the country should go
era of good feelings
south caroilna planter who pushed for states rights and their ability to function individually with out the national goverment
john c. calhoun
new hampshire and massachusetts politician who felt that the national government should do whatever needed to help american industries
daniel webster
speaker of the house from kentucky who tried to find a compormoise between states rights and the rights of the national government
henry clay
provided for the admission of maine as a free state and missouri as slave state and set up guidelines for those that my want to join the union to enter either free or slave states
missouri compromise
agreement between the u.s. and britian over how many naval ships and troops could be on the great lakes
rush bagot treaty
set the boundries of the louisiana territory between the u.s and canada at the 49th parallel
convention of 1818
treaty between spain and the u.s. spain gave up east florida and all claims in west florida, the u.s. took over $5 million in debt spain owed to u.s. citizens
adams-onis treaty
provided for the admission of maine as a free state and missouri as slave state and set up guidelines for those that my want to join the union to enter either free or slave states
missouri compromise
agreement between the u.s. and britian over how many naval ships and troops could be on the great lakes
rush bagot treaty
issued by president james monroe, said the u.s would not mess with any european colonies in the americas but would oppose any nre ones forming
monroe doctrine
set the boundries of the louisiana territory between the u.s and canada at the 49th parallel
convention of 1818
treaty between spain and the u.s. spain gave up east florida and all claims in west florida, the u.s. took over $5 million in debt spain owed to u.s. citizens
adams-onis treaty
issued by president james monroe, said the u.s would not mess with any european colonies in the americas but would oppose any nre ones forming
monroe doctrine
What is science?
process of thinking and learning
What five things make something alive?
orderly structure, obtain and use energy of some form, grow and develop, respond to environment, ability to reproduce
What's the scientific method?
Identify problem, test hypothesis, analyze results, conclusion & evaluation, organized sense