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63 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
general howe
this person began a massive military buildup in new york with the purpose of capturing the city and separating new england from the sounthern states
george rogers clark
this person in 1778 commanded 175 troops and took them down in ohio river and captured several towns
john paul jones
this person commanded the bonhomme richard and defeated the british warship serapis in 1779
letter of marque
identify the term for congresses action of issuing licenses to private ship owners, authorizing them to attack british merchant ships
general nathanial greene
this person took over command of the american troops in the south and hoped to wear down the british in battle while militia destroyed their supplies.
the battle in which washington's forces crossed the delaware river and attacked the ritish on christmas day
identify the battle in which general burgoyne was defeated. this battle is considered the turning point of the war
valley forge
name the location where washington's forces took up winter quarters following the fall of philadelphia
identify the term for a form of government in which power resides with a body of citizens entitled to vote.
general braddock
identify the british general who leads a combined british force and militia on an attack of the french- fort duquesne in 1755
george washington
identify the virginia colonist who saves the military expedition from complete annihilation
james wolfe
in 1759 a ritish fleet commanded by this general sailed up the st lawrence river and captured the french capital city of quebec
francis marion
this person led southern militia units and was nicknamed the swamp fox
thomas jefferson
identify the person who as governor of virginia pushed the legislature to pass the virginia statue for religious freedom.
george grenville
identify the person who becomes prime minister of england following the seven years war. his two prolems are reducing the debt and pay for the 10,000 ritish troops stationed in north america
john hancock
indentify the famous colonist who was one of those tried by the vice-admiral courts for smuggling and was defended y john adams/
costumes duties
identify the term for taxes on imports and exports
james otis
identify the colonist who argued that because the colonists were unrepresented in parliament they could not be taxes. this gave rise to ther popular expression, no taxation without representation.
son's of liberty
this group was organanized in connecticut by a group of merchants led by isaac sears
writs od assistance
term for general search warrants
john dickinson
this individual reasserted that only assemblies elected by colonist could tax them.
thomas payne
in january 1776 this person published the pamphlet common sense in which he attacks the king stating that parliament acted with the king's support. he described george III as a tyrant
general william howe
following the battle of bunker hill gage resigned and was replaced by what british general
olive branch petition
as the siege of boston continued the continental congress sent this document to the king. stating that the colonists were still loyal to the king and asked him to call off hostilities until a peaceful solution could be found.
declatory act
this act asserted that parliament had the power to make laws for the colonies
quartering act
this act forced the colonists to pay more for ther defense and to provide barracks for the troops.the troops could then stay in taverns, inns, vacant buildings, and barns and the colonists had to pay for rent
brandywine creek
identify the battle in which washington's forces were defeated resulting in the capture of philadelphia
the committees of correspondence
to communicate with the other colonies about british activity
a. The committee helped to unify the colonies and shape public opinion
b. Helped colony leaders coordinate their plans
stamp act congress
1765 representatives from nine colonies met
Together they issued the declaration of rights and grievances drafted
those who believed that british had become tyrants
Americans who backed Britain were loyalists or tories
declaration of independance
virginia statute for religious freedom
this declared that Virginia no longer had an official church and that the state could not collect taxes for churches
a combination of all of a writers works used to destribute news throughout the colonies.
treaty of paris 1783
1)Britain recognized the United States of America as a new nation with the Mississippi river as its western boarder.
2)Britain also gave Florida back to Spain
3)France received colonies in Africa and the Caribbean that the British had seized from them in 1763
this british general surrendered at yorktown
john adams
lawyer who defended john handcock and the boston massacre soldiers
nathan hale
Washington sent this man to spy on the British.
Although hale was disguised as a Dutch schoolteacher he was caught
jeffrey amherst
after the defeat at Saratoga general Howe resigned and was replaced by this man
proposed a three pronged attack on NY
He surrendered at Saratoga
currency act
which banned the use of paper money in the colonies
townshend acts
allowed officials to seize private property under the circumstances
proclamation of 1763
30. it drew a line from north to south along the Appalation mountains and said colonists could not settle west of the line without British permission
intolerable acts
the quebec act and the coercive acts became known as these
coercive acts
they were intended to punish Massachusetts and end colonial challenges to british authority
coercive acts act 1
shut down boston’s port until the city paid for the tea that had been destroyed
coercive acts
act 2
required all council members, judges, and sheriffs in mass. To be appointed by the governor instead of elected
coercive acts
act 3
allowed the governor to transfer trials of british soldiers and officials to England to protect them from American juries
coercive acts
act 4
required local officials to provide lodging for british soldiers at the scene of a disturbance, in private homes.
proclamation act
stamp act repealed
march 5,1770
boston massacre
tea act passed
september 1774
first continental congress
april 19, 1774
lex and concord
april 1775
prohibitory act
july 4 1776
declaration of independace
october 1777
british surrender at saratoga
october 1780
battle of kings mountain
october 19, 1781
cornwallis surrenders at yorktown
virginia statute for religious freedom