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23 Cards in this Set

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Liverpool
1812 - conservative Tory, like Pitt, country at peace, likes Adam Smith and Laissez Faire
Duke of Wellington
Leader of the Tory party in 1827 but does not have a lot of experience
Dominated by Peel
Robert Peel and his "wants"
(1) Law: elite power is the source of tyranny; professional judges and police (bobbies); emphasis on merit

(2) Religion: wants liberty and equality; repeal test Acts; Catholic Emancipation

(3) Vote: Tories are split
- Pittites open to reform
- Ultras opposed to change
John Russell
proposes parliamentary reform: Reform Bill of 1830
Reform Bill of 1830
1. Redistribute seats from rotten boroughs; use seats in more urban boroughs
2. Extend vote to renters (shopkeepers)

- House of Lords stops the Bill
Birmingham Political Union
Mass demonstration in favor of the Parliamentary Reform Bill; unity across class lines

The elite think they have let it go far enough so they threaten to withdraw money... Lords give in
Chartism
William Lovett and Francis Place - leaders
The People's Charter:
(1) Payments to MPs
(2) Annual elections
(3) Universal suffrage
(4) Secret Ballot

Does not pass
Factory Acts and Debates
1819 - no enforcement to carry out the Act

Investigates child labor and limits working hours for children and women

Debates over how much the gov't has the right to interfere
- NO: limit hours, decrease wages, decrease living standards, laws get in the way of negotiation
- YES: Moral and physical conditions of work are horrible, need leisure for education
Utilitarianism
Founder: Jeremy Bentham

Sir Edwin Chadwick: greatest good for the greatest amount of people
Workhouses vs. Outdoor relief
Workhouses: must live there, separates families, education for kids, families earn keep

Outdoor relief: recieving handouts - "too easy"
Great Exhibition
1851
Glorification of machines
Bringing aristocrats and industry together
Contagious Disease Acts
1864, 1866, 1869

Prevent the spread of venereal disease (mainly for army)
Inspected prostitutes and put them in lock hospitals
Laws protect men but not women - double standard
Josephine Butler and Elizabeth Wolstoneholme
Upper / Middle class
Want repeal of CDA
Liberal Party
Whigs + Peelites
Conservative Party
Ultras
Crimean War
Showed need for army reform
Lord Palmerstone
1859 - leader of the liberal party
William Gladstone
Moral imperative
Embraces parliamentary reform, give people the vote
Disraeli
Conservative leader of the House of Commons
Wants only to defeat Liberals
Second Reform Act of 1867
Electorate doubled in 3 years
Ballot Act
Gladstone introduces the ballot and private voting
Licensing Act
Pubs open only at certain times
Education Act
Step toward state sponsored education, local school boards started