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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
supporters of the Constitution
Federalists
a plan of government proposed at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 that called for a one-house legislature in which each state would have one vote
New Jersey plan
a meeting held in 1787 to consider changes to the Articles of Confederation; resulted in the drafting of the Constitution
Constitutional Convention
a person who opposed the radification of the U.S. Constitution
Antifederalist
it described how the Northwest Territory was to be governed and set conditions for settlement and settlers' rights
Northwest Ordinance
a document, adopted by the Constitutional Congress in 1777 and finally approved by the states in 1781 that outlined the new form of government in the United States
Articles of Confederation
territory covered by the Land Ordinance of 1785, which included land that formed the states of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota
Northwest Territory
a law that established a plan for surveyingn and selling the federally owned lands west of the Appalachian Mountains
Land Ordinance of 1785
the Constitutional Convention's agreement to count three-fifths of a state's slaves as population for purposes of representation and taxation
Three-Fifths Compromise
a plan adopted by Edmund Randolph, a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in 1787, that proposed a government with three branches and a two-house legislature in which representation would be based on a state's population or wealth
Virginia Plan
the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, added in 1791, and consisting of a formal list of citizens' rights and freedoms
Bill of Rights
a delegate at the Constitutional Convention who read many books on government to prepare for the meeting. he earned the nickname "Father of the Constitution"
James Madison
the Constitutional Convention's agreement to establish a two-house national legislature, with all states having equal representation in one house and each state having representation based on population in the other house
Great Compromise
an uprising of debt-ridden Masachusetts farmers in 1787
Shays's Rebellion
a system of government where power is shared among the central (or federal) government and the states
federalism
he fought against the radification of the Constitution by refusing to sign unless a Bill of Rights was added
George Mason
a series of essays defending and explaining the Constitution
Federalist papers
a government in which people elect representatives to govern for them
republic
the trail into Kentucky that Daniel Boone helped build
Wilderness Road