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85 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
due process
the 14th amendment says no citizen may be denied the ___ of law
amendments
since 1791, only 17 _____ have been ratified and added
override
congress' power to ___ a president's veto is a chck on the president
preamble
the opening statment of the constitution is called the ___
federal
the ____ government makes and carries out laws for the entire nation
domestic tranquility
the president can call out the national guard to ensure the ____
state
senators usually support laws that benefit their ____ because these people elect them to office
impeach
to bring charges against an official
appropriate
congress has power to ___ all money spent by the federal government
bill of rights
first 10 amendments that guarantee certain liberties and protections for all citizens
precendent
a decsion or action that sets an example for the future
unconstutional
not permitted by the constitution
faction
opposing groups within a group or party
foriegn poloicy
action and stands a nation takes with regard to toher countries
speculator
one willing to invest in a risky venture in hope of a larger profit
bond
certificate which promises to repay money loaned plus intrest
tariff
tax on imported goods
inauguration
ceremony in which the president officially takes the oath
sedition
stirring up revolution
national debt
total that the U.S. government owes
judicial review
power of the surpreme court to determine if a law is unconstitutional
impressment
practice of forcing sailors to work on ships
non intersourse act
act that allowed the U.S. to trade with everyone except france and great britain
battle of thames
battle where tecumseh was killed
Battle of horseshoe bend
battle won by andrew jackson that destroyed the threat from the greeks in the south
war hawks
congressmen that opposed the british and pushed for military action
democratic
ensuring that everyone has the same rights
laissez faire
idea that government should play as small role as possible
battle of lake erie
mountain ridge that separates all rivers in north america
Pinckey treaty
U.S - spanish agreement that allowed the U.S. to trade in the port of new orleans and use the mississippi river
barbary states
name given to nations along the northern coast of africa
embargo
ban on trade from another country
mationalism
pride or devotion to one's country
treaty of ghent
agreement that ended the war of 1812
interchangeable parts
machine - made identical parts
urbanization
movement of population from farms to cities
capitalist
people with money invest in buisness to make a profit
turnpike
road built by private company and financed by tolls
corduroy road
bumpy roads constructed of logs set side by side
dumping
british practice of selling goods below cost in america in order to put the other manufacturers out of buisness
canal
channel dug and filled with water to allow ships to cross land
intervention
direct involvment
sectionalism
loyalty to one's state rather than the nation as a whole
spinning jenny
machine thatcould spin several threads at once
nominating convention
where delegates from all thestates chose the party's canidates
suffrage
the right to vote
caucus
private meeting of the most powerful men in the party
nullification
the idea that a state could cancel any federal law it found to be unconstitutional
secede
to withdraw from an orgainzation
sequoya
cherokee leader that created thier own alphabet
Osceola
seminole chief during the seminole war from 1835 - 1842
mudslinging
using insults to attack an opponent's reputation
rendezvous
get together; meeting
siege
surrounding a city in order to force a surrender
annex
add on
cede
to give up; especially by treaty
vigilante
self appointed law enforcer with no legal authority
forty-niners
the thousands of people that rushed to california searching for gold
telegraph
device that sent an electrical signals along a wire for communications
locomotive
steam powered machine that pulls rail cars
strike
union workers refusing to work until demands are met
artisan
workers that learned a rade or have a special skill
famine
severe food shortage
nativist
people that wanted to preserve the country for native - born white americans
discrimination
a policy or attitude that denies equal rigths to a certain group of people
lawsuit
a legal case brought by a person against another party
popular soverinty
controlled by the people (voting)
secede
to remove or break way
repeal
to undo or reverse
guerilla warfare
using small case brought by a person against another party
martyr
one that gives up thier life for thier beliefs or values
arsenal
gun warehouse
border states
slave states that stayed with the union during the civil war
martial law
rule by he military instead of elected government
racism
belief that one race is superior to anotehr
emancipation
to free someone or something
civilians
people who are not in the military
copperheads
name given to northerners that oppose the war
draft
law that required men to join the army
habeas corpus
the right to have charges filed or a hearing before being jailed
income tax
tax on citizen's earnings
inflation
rise in prices
profiteer
people who charge excessive prices for items that are in demand
siege
military blockade of a town or position in order to force a surrender
total war
type of warfare taht affects civilians along with the military