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7 Cards in this Set

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War in the North
British resorted to military force to crush the American revolt. The rebellious Americans were militarilty weak. Britain's prime minister Lord Borth exploited this fact by selecting General William Howe to lead a seize of the Hudson River.
Mercenaries
A soldier for hire
Howe's attacks
In 1776 he attacked the Americans in the battle of Long Island and forced their restreat to Manhattan Island. The winter, however, caused the British to halt their campaign and giving the colonists a few advantages. The Continental army in 1777 won another victory in a small engagement which raised Patriot morale and allowed Continental Congress to return to Philadelphia.
Armies and Strengths
Howe had authority from Lord North to allow the rebels to surrender on Honorable terms. Congress had promised Washington a regular force
Victory at Saratoga
British leaders had increased the land tax to finance the war. The isolation of New England had remained the primary British goal. General John Burgoyne was to lead a large contingent of British regulars from Quebec to Albany, and the Iroquois warriors who had allied with the British would attack from the West. Howe, however, wanted to attack Philadelphia. When they arrived, the Continental Congress fled to the interior. The British paid a high price for Howe's defeat in Philadelphia since it meant the defeat of the Burgoyne's army. To make it worse, the British commander in NY recalled the 4,000 troops he sent to Albany and transfered them to Philadelhpia.
Social and Financial Perils
Families were hit by the Battle of Saratoga. Paying for the troops also caused debt and the Patriots were afraid to raise taxes. The finances of the Continental Congress collapsed too. They had tried printing currency but the excess of currency had caused the worst inflation. More currency was chasing fewer goods and prices rose up.
Valley Forge
Howe camped in Philadelphia. Washington's army had begun to grow sick.