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19 Cards in this Set

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common sense
Published in 1776, Common Sense challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy (thomas pain)
committees of correspondence
The committee of correspondence was a body organized by the local governments of the American colonies for the purposes of coordinating written communication outside of the colony.
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 – 4 July 1826)[1] was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776)
Ben Franklin's plan of union
Benjamin Franklin's Albany Plan of Union, an early attempt to form a union of the colonies. Part of the Albany Plan was used in writing the Articles of Confederation, which kept the States together from 1781 until the Constitution. It was the first time that all the colonies had been together.
lexington and concord
first battles in the revolution
Joseph Brant
a Mohawk leader and British military officer during the American Revolution
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
The primary effect of the ordinance was the creation of the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River
Declairation of independence
gave americans freedom(written by Jefferson)
Anti-federalists/Federalists
The Anti-Federalists did not want to ratify the Constitution. Basically, they argue that:
It gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments.
There was no bill of rights.
The national government could maintain an army in peacetime.
Congress, because of the `necessary and proper clause,' wielded too much power.
The executive branch held too much power

The Federalists, on the other hand, had answers to all of the Anti-Federalist complaints. Among them:
The separation of powers into three independent branches protected the rights of the people. Each branch represents a different aspect of the people, and because all three branches are equal, no one group can assume control over another.
A listing of rights can be a dangerous thing. If the national government were to protect specific listed rights, what would stop it from violating rights other than the listed ones? Since we can't list all the rights, the Federalists argued that it's better to list none at all.
Articles of Confederation
The first governing document, or constitution, of the United States of America. The final draft was written in the summer of 1777
Actual Representation
?
Saratoga
September and October 1777 was a decisive American victory resulting in the surrender of an entire British army of 9,000 men invading New York from Canada during the American Revolutionary War.
James Madison
(March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836), was an American politician and the fourth President of the United States (1809–1817), and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Considered to be the "Father of the Constitution", he was the principal author of the document
Loyalists
People that remained loyal to England
Stamp Act
A tax brought down by the brittish to penitrait the wealth of the Colonies
Charleston
?
Great Compromise
An essential agreement between large and small states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States Constitution. It proposed a bicameral legislature, resulting in the current United States Senate and House of Representatives.
Article V
Describes the process whereby the Constitution may be altered. Such amendments may be proposed by the United States Congress or by a national convention assembled at the request of the legislatures of at least two-thirds of the several states. To become valid, amendments must then be ratified by either the legislatures of or ratifying conventions held in three-fourths of the several states.
Bill of Rights
Consists of the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution. These amendments limit the powers of the federal government, protecting the rights of all citizens, residents and visitors on United States territory