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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
top "conductor of the underground railroad"
Harriet Tubman
invented the telegraph
Samuel Morse
lead a biolent slave revolt in Virginia
Nat Turner
South newspaper editor; advocated south independence from north
James DeBow
made "showcase Freaks" museum
P.T. Barnum
lead failed slave revolt in Richmond
Gabriel Prosser
discovered a method of vulcanizing rubber
Charles Goodyear
invented mechanical reaper
Cyrus McCormick
greatest american structure up till then
Erie Canal
Nativist Political Party
Know nothings
belief that women were supposed to do shit for men
Cult of Domesticity
largest factory in south
Tredegar Iron Works
language of american born slaves
slave codes
limited the activities and legal status of slaves
Trunk line
consolidation of several small railroads
major cotton growing region
Lower South
smisecret network used to help slaves escape
underground railroad
During the first half of the 19th Century balck population grew faster than white population
An effect of rapid growing cities was a decline in poverty
Artisans, displaced by factories, created first union
Souther code of honor expected women to obey men in return for protection
As a group, slaves were as healthy as whites
Nativists wanted more restrictive immigrant laws
Old South suffered a series of violent salve revolts in the 1830's
Because it was agricultural, Northwest experience little urban growth during the first half of the 1800's
The main reason for european immigrants coming to the U.S. in 1815 - 1840 was economic oportunity
during the 1820's and 1830's, railroads
played secondary role in transportation
In 1860 75% of all foreign born americans were
Irish and Germans
One reason for growth in citites in the early 1800's was
the need to process farm products
In Commmon Wealth vs. Hunt, MA supreme court ruled that
labor unions were illegal
led mormons to Utah
Brigham Young
joined with Lucretia Mott in organizing Seneca Falls
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
founder of utopian effort at New Harmony
Robert Owen
abolitionist; published The Liberator
William Lloyd Garrison
fought for establishment of insane asylums
Doro, then Dix
ex-slave and abolitionist lecturer; editor of North Star
Frederick Douglass
most influential proponent of public education
Horace Mann
wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
transcendentalist author of Walden
Henry David Thoreau
feminist ex-slave; "Aint I a Woman" speech
Sojourner Truth
campaign against alcohol
study of skull shape to determine character
Walt Whitman's celebration of democracy and individuality
Leaves of Grass
beliefs separated men from women
form of literature popular with women
sentimental novels
search for reality through spiritual intuition
prohibited discussion of anti-slavery petitions in the House of Reps
Gag Rule
organized ex-slaves to return to Africa
American Colonization Society
created American Style of painting; displayed grandeur of nature
Hudson RIver School
utopian community where sexual activity was monitered by the community
Transcendentalism was an American form of Romanticism
Emerson thought Americans should work for cultural autonomy
utopian communities were establish to acheive social, religious, and perfection
the shakers were able to prosper because of their high birth rate
Transcendentalists thought that literature should conform to universal standards
Philosophy of reform in America drew haevily from the Protestant Revival.
Although there was opposition to slavery in the North, it was always peaceful.
Free soil was more popular than Abolition in the South.
Abolition opponents said it would hurt trade between the North and the South.
Middle class reformers in the 1820's, 1830's and 1840's were most interested in reforming
which of tese had the greatest influence on women suffragists
temperance and abolition movements
Transcendentalists believed that people should
work to mild self-improvement
middle class americas who pioneered public school reforms wanted
school to teach character and manners
in the 1830's and 1840's, most southern whites
defended their traditional way of life
In the 1830's and 1840's most working class immigrants
resented major reform movements
Seneca Fals is most closely associated with
women's rights
During the pre-civil war decades, american painters preferred to paint
The goals of educational reformers in antebelum years included
all of the above
which of the following stressed the importance of individual inspirations, self reliance, dissent, and non-conformity
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Transcendentalists writers found their major source of truth and inspiration in
like other social experiments, mormonism reflected
a belief in human perfectability
this quote, "I am in earnest, I will not excuse, i will not retreat a single inch and i will be heard" reflects what type of sentiment towards slavery
immediate abolitionists
the reform movements of athe first half of the 19th century reflected which of the following implulses
A and C