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135 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Why did egyptions look forward to the annual flooding of the nile?
The flood producesd farmland depositing silt
What did Menes do and when?
1300BCE
He united the lower and upper egypt
The Nile
helped unify the state
Everyone had to work together to control flooding
helped trading
like a highway
good for irrigation
Old Kingdoms goverment
Pharaohs orginized a stong centrilized goverment
Old Kingdoms Achievments
Built the pyramids of Giza
Old Kingdoms Decline
power failures and Crop struggles
middle Kingdom-goverment
New Pharaohs reunited land
Middle Kingodom- Achievments
people rebelled
pharaohs drained land for farming
Middle Kingdom-Decine
Hykso's concuered egypt(had horses)
How long did the Hykos rule for?
about 100 years
New Kingdom-goverment
many new powerful paraohs created large empire

*Queen Hatshepsut- daughter and widow of pharaoh
*Ramses II- conquers Palestine and Syria
New Kingdom-decline
big decline, including conquering went on
New Kingdom-achievments
expanded empire
Hytices are know for..
made iron
Pharaoh
egyption rular
Pyramids
Burial tumbs
Dynasties
ruling familys
Why did cities emerge along the nile?
For the water, to farm, to drink, for the animals
Fertile Crescent
Called that because of the good farming, around the euphates and tigiris rivers
Cuneiform
wedge, shaped writing
What where two achievements of the Sumerians
Math
-the 60 minute hour with the 360 degree circle
Writing
-cuneiform
Flood protection
Empires
a groups of territories under control of one rular
Code of Hammuraabi
the first major set of laws
Hitties
1400BCE
Forged iron tools and weapond
Assyrian
1100BCE
Set up one of the first librays
Name the differences between the Code of Hammurabi and the Jewish laws
The code of hammurabi
-punisments depended on social class
-Very harsh punishments(death)
-Slaves where property
Jewish Law
-a book of "do's and dont's
-more humane
-distinction between hebrews and non-herbrews
-Humen rights of slaves respected
What are the similarities between the Code of Hammurabi and the Jewish law?
- Both code of laws
- Do not falsly acuse
- eye for an eye
- allowed divoce
- adressed slavery
Phoenivisans- when and what where they known for?
600bce
gained fame as great sailers and traders
Wht did the Phoencians create?
the alphabet similar to the one we use today
Covenant
binding agreement
Monotheistic
Believing in one god
Prophets
spiritual leaders who explained God's will
What did the Jewish people write there history in?
The Torah
Who helped the Hebrews escape?
Moses
Where di the Hebrews excape from?
from being slaves of the egyptions
Whats the capital of isreal?
Jerusalem
How do the hebrews think they got the land?
They think that thge god gave them the land
How did god give the ten commandments to his people?
Through moses
Who did god make the covenant with?
Abraham
When did gilgamesh rule?q
2700BCE
What was the first set of laws?
The Code of Hamnmurabi
What new technology did the Hitties bring to Mesopotamis?
Iron making
Nebuchadnesser
612CBCE
rular of Babylon
rebuilt it biiger
Assyrians
1100BCE
Assurbanial
make the first library
Criminal Law
deals withoffences agains others such as robbery or assualt
Civil Law
deals with personal rights/matter
Codify
arrange and set down in writing
Hammurabi
King of Babylon
-his laws
-new irrigation
Babylonian empire
1790BCE
Hammurabi
Sargon
Akkad
lead first known empire
Akkad
Sargon
2300BCE
first know emprire
Nubia
Southern egypt
-ivory
-cattle
independence
Silt
rich soil carried by river
Cataract
waterfall
delta
triangular deposit of somerivers
diaspora
scattering of people
sabbeth
holy day of rest for worship
patriarchal
the family headed by the man
ethics
moral standards of behavior1
Alphaet
contains letter that represent spoken sounds
colony
territory setle and ruled by people from another land
Between what two rivers is mesopotamia located?
The Euphrates and the Tigris Rivers
What was suumers social hierarchy?
ruling family
officials
priests
merchants
artisons
peasents farmers
slaves
was summerians poly or monothiestic?
polythieistic
ziggurat
temple
What were the sumerians views on the afterlife?
They saw the after life as a grim place were ther was no release
What were the Phoecians known for?
Sailing and trading, maufacturing
What did the phoecians manufacture?
glass from costal sand
papyrus to write on
purple dye
What was the first "true city"
Urek
what resorces did mesopotamia have and what did it lack?
had water, rich soil
lacked metals, stones, wood
What led to the devastation of trhe landscape around Urek?
Civilation came and the population grew and then thee landd was over farmed
What was the biblical garden of edeN?
It was were the euphrates and indus rivers meet
What happed to the cities of sumer?
Inflation
econamy colapsed
people invaded
Coptic
the language of early christian egyptions
demotic
a system of writing, easier than hieroglyphics, devolped for everyday use
hieratic
relating to a simplified cursive style of egyption hieroglyphics
determinative
Hieroglyphs sigh that explains what kind of word you are readding
script
the specific type of letters that you use
alphabet
letters that represent spoken sounds
ideogram
picture that symbolizes and idea or action
logogram
a written symbol representing the entire spoken language
hieroglyphs
form of writing devloped by the ancient egyptions
phonogram
a symbol representing a sound
picto gram
a picture used to represent an object
cunieform
wedge-shaped writing of ancient sumerians
ostracon
an ancient piece of paper used from scribnes to practice writing
Amon-Re
the sun god
Valley of the kings
many kings buried there
Akhenaton
ordered priest to only preach about akon
he devoted his life to Akon
Aton
minor gods whos symbol was the sun's disk
decipher
to decode
mummification
practice of presearving the bodies of the dead
hieroglyphics
form of picture writing
papyrus
plant that grows along the nile, used like paper
Pre history
long period of time before writing
domesticate
tame animal and adobt crop for specific civilization
civilization
complex, highly organized social order
culture diffusion
spread of ideas, customs, and technology
Archaeology
study of past people and cultures
artifacts
object made by people
Anthropology
study of the orgins and devolpment of people and their society
Surplus
extra food
technology
skills and tools people use to meet their basic need
Neolithic Age
New Stone age
11000 years ago
Culture
ways of life of a society
city-state
a politicle unit that included a city and its surronding by land and villages but only consists of one city
polythesitic
beilived in many gods
Artisans
skilled craft workers who made potery, woven goods...
scribes
learned to read/write to help keep records
historian
person who studies how people lived in the past
longitude
east or west of the prime meridian
Lattitude
north and south of the equater
Geography
study of poeple and enivorment, and there resources
glacier
thick sheet of ice
Nomad
hunter or gather
someone who moves from place to place
Paleotithic Age
old stone age
10,000 bce
steppe
nomatic hunters tended cattle on these dry grass lands
animism
belief that spirits and forces live in animal
phoenician
locaten on the northern edges of africa
monotheistic
believe in one god
ethics
moral standards of belief
colony
territory settled and ruled by eople from anbother land
alphabet
contains letters that represent spoken sounds
covewnant
a binding agreement
patriarchal
the family is headed by the husband
Sabbath
holy day of rest/worship
diaspora
scattering of people
prophet
spiritual leader believed to be interbiting gods will
pharaoh
title of rulars in ancient egypt
delta
triangular depoisit of some rivers
dynasty
the ruling family
cataract
waterfall
silt
rich soil carried by river
Nubia
souther egypt
-ivory, cattle
-independent
Akkad
2300 Bce sargon first known empire