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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who did George III named as head to the new ministry?
William Pitt in 1767. He was often sick, leaving the Chancellor of the Excheqeur Charles Townshend in charge.
Townshend Act of 1767
Imposed duties on paper, paint, glass, and tea with the intent to create a colonial civil list, to pay salaries of government officials.
Revenue Act of 1767
Created a Board of American Customs Commissioners in Boston and vice-admiralty courts in other cities.
Restraining Act of 1767
Most British troops were in NY to prevent raids from Indians, and thus the ministry instructed the colony to comply with the Quartering Act. The restratining act suspended the New York assembly until it submitted to the Q. act.
External and Internal taxes
Some colonists began raising this distinction.External trades were accepted but direct or internal taxes, which had never been levied, were not
A Second Boycott
Most colonial leaders refused to accept the Townshend Measures and agreed with John Dickinson in 1768 that the real issue was the intention of legislation.
Daughters of Liberty
American women had become crucial due to their production of homespun textiles. Daughters of Liberty would meet and celebrate American goods. Boycott united thousands of Americans. Ben Franklin wanted a "plan of conciliation" that was to repeal the laws, renounce the right, recall the troops, and refund the money.
How did the British respond?
Lord Hillsborough, secretary for state for American affairs, dispatched four regiment troops to Boston, where they wrote opposing the townshend duties.
John Wilkes
Radical Whig who stepped up his attacks on gov. corruption and won a seat in Parliament.
Nonimportation succeeds
Boycotts had left British in debt and the colonists with a trade surplus ($). British merchants petitioned for repeal on townshend duties.
Lord North
Became prime minister in 1770. He repealed duties on everything but tea, as it symbolized British's authority. Most Americans simply avoided the tax. There were outbreaks of violence.
Sovereignty debated
By 1770, most outspoken Patriots: Ben Franklin, Patrick Henry, and Samuel Adams, had repudiated Parliament supremacy. Franklin suggested the states were distinct but ruled by one head.