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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
epic tales
Mahabharata and Ramayana
main chars: Krishna and Arjuna
hymns and chants that describe the Aryans and their early exploits
Rig Vedas
town goddess symbol- fish surrounded by stars- persistence of religious symbolism
symbols for divinity
describe the "sacred geograhpy" of India (9)
visible to the faithful, system of rituals, connects the past to the present, people to thier history, defines race, gives beliefs, connects to god and the univers, motherland united by pilgrimage, circuit of the whole country
why is Prayag what he is
king of holy places- naval of the earth, mythical creation point of the universe, the site of the primordial mound which rose out to the waters
what is characteristic of Indian civilization?
Spiritual exploration
Jainism (5)
Atheistic in nature, existence of God being irrelevant to belief, everything in the universe has a soul, autere form on non-violence and vegetarinism
characteristics common to Buddhism and Jainism (3)
reject caste divisions and sacrificial cult, represent a transition from the magical thoght of the Vedas to a kind of rationality, it is tinged with pessimism
Axis Age
6th- 5th century BC- great thinkers in world history were alive at the same tiem. questions about the nature of god, the prupose of life on earth, basis of authority, and how to persuade citizens to be good- each answer started different beliefs
who was Ashoka
4 century ruler of India who tried to impose poilitical unity. He expanded the Mauryan empire to include almost all of India. Tried to find a way to use ahimsa to rule
essential ideas of Ashoka's edicts (9)
right conduct, non-violence, compassion, tolerance, gentleness, truthfulness, ecological and conservation measures, welfare and social legislation, turning away from the authority of religion and magic to that of reason and morality as a basis for politics
india's most brilliant invention
mathematical system of 9 digits and zero
3 main Hindu gods
Brahma- creator god
Shiva- destroyer and liberator
Vishnu- preserver- balance
Hindu Caste system (5)
Brahmins (priestly)
Shartiyas (warriors and rulers)
Vaishyas (skilled workers and farmers)
Shudras (servants)
Pariahs (untouchables)
3 Universal Truths
everything is impermanent
life is unsatisfactory
no eternal soul- self is a collection of changing characteristics
4 noble truths
life is suffering
desire is cause
end suff- end desire
middle way
8 fold path
middle way:
right understanding
right thought
right speech
right action
right work
right effort
right mindfulness
right concentration
strive to clearly understand the 4 noble truths and nature of reality
think kindly and avoid focus on past and future
speek truthfully and kindly
act kindly and do not be attached to the results of Karma
work that does not harmn others and is benificial
determination to cleanse the mind
awareness of actions and others
3 jewels
belief in Buddha, dhamma, and in holy order of sanha
collection of writings: sayings of Buddha, comments, rules for monks
main branches of Buddhism (5)
Pure land
follow Buddha's origional teachings, he was only human, sangha is important
Buddha can respond to appeals from people today; bodhisattvas, use other texts
chanting mantras and use madalas, Tibretan Buddhism
Pure Land
based on teachings of Amida Buddha- chant name at death and be reborn in a place in which it would be easy to follow Buddha's teachings and reach nirvana
midiation, use koans to contradict usual pattern of thinking, mind free, dialogues, martial art