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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Revivalism (Cause)
-Not one way to do things.
-Problems: 3 splits in church.
-Rejected Calvanist beliefs of predestination.
Revivalism (Actions)
-Had meetings where he tried to save peoples souls.
-Individual had the power to seek salvation.
Revivalism (Effect)
-Brought Americans to support wide variety of reforms.
-Flocked to revivals where they studied bible, listened to sermons and examined their souls.
Unitarian (Cause)
-They did not feel the revivals movement helped.
-Didn't like the public emotion.
-Reason over emotion.
Unitarian (Actions)
-Reason and appeals to conscience as paths to perfection.
-Conventions to inform people.
-Brought people together.
Unitarian (Effect)
-Gave people the hope that the perfection of human nature, the elevation of men into nobler beings was possible.
AA Church (Cause)
-To stop segregation.
-Aferican Americans interpreted the Christian message as promise for freedom.
AA Church (Actions)
-Created African American church conventions in Philadelphia.
AA Church (Effect)
-Brought sense of communuty to deep inner faith.
Transcendentalism (Cause)
-World was not perfect, thought it could be.
-Poor prison conditions.
Transcendentalism (Actions)
-Protested wars and tried to lead by example.
Transcendentalism (Effect)
-Inspired other ppl to do similar things like Ghandhi.
-Believed in dignity of individual fought for causes like abolition of slavery.
School and Prison Reform (Cause)
-Ability to read and write the foundation of democratic life.
-Equal schools and better grading system.

-Jailhouses, mentally ill, poor treatment of prison.
School and Prison Reform (Actions)
-Better training and pay of teachers.
-New schools, libraries and texts.

-Sent report of prison conditions to legislature to improve conditions.
-Hospitals for mentally ill.
School and Prison Reform (Effect)
-Free elementary education and realized education was foundation of republic.

-Better life for prisoners.
Women's Rights Movement (Cause)
-Couldn't speak in public or attend meetings.
-No guardianship rights.
-Land went to husband after marriage.
-Women overall had unfair rights compared to men.
Women's Rights Movement (Actions)
-Temperance movement, Seneca Falls convention opened schools.
-Wanted equality for women.
-Published "Women in both century"
-Declaration of Sentiments.
Women's Rights Movement (Effect)
-Created jobs for women to play an important role.
-Declined consumptionn of alcohol.
-Made schools.
-Made them have more rights.
-Got to vote.
-Better for women socially but still slavery in the south.
Charles Finney
Leader of the revivalism movement.
Peter Cartwright
Leader of the revivalism movement.
Richard Allen
Leader of the African American Church.
William Ellery Channing
Leader of the Unitarian Movement.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Leader of the transcendentalism movement.
Henry David Thoreau
Leader of the transcendentalism movement.
Horace Mann
Leader of the school and prison reform.
Dorothea Dix
Leader of the school and prison reform.
Margaret Fuller
Leader of women rights movement
Bronson Alcott
Leader of the womens rights movement.
Seneca Falls Convention
-In New York at a Methodist Church.
-Cult of Domesticity: Women shouldn't only do domestic chores.
-Declaration of Sentiments saying that women should have just as many rights as men.
Abolition (Early)
-TJ (put in 1st draft of constitution but didn't want to angry south) and Wash (freed slaves when he died).
-Southerners say its a dying institution.
-Turning point was the cotton gin, more slaves=more money.
-Some slaves from Carib/Africa who didn't speak English.
-Some US born who knew English.
-City slaves had a lot of freedom.
American Colonization Society
-Some slaves sent back to Africa because they didn't think they could assimilate, but the ppl being sent back were not slaves and what they knew was America, not Africa.
William Lloyd Garrison
-"The Liberator"
-Goal was emancipation without compensation.
-Very radical thinker.
Frederick Douglass
-Escaped by train.
-Speeches support Garrison.
-"The North Star" to follor N Star to freedom.
Nat Turner
-Saw vision saying duty to help ppl.
-Lef 50 ppl to kill 70 whites on 4 plantations.
-Captured on 5th, tried and hanged.
-Retaliation: Killed more than 200 blacks.
John Floyd
-VA Debate. Idea for gradual abolition.
-Vote was to keep slavery.
Slave Codes
-AL and GA prohibited gospel without presence of white owner.
-NC reinsured than blacks can't vote.
-Free blacks lost rights (assemble in public, own guns, testify in court, purchase alcohol).
-Slaves lost rights (learn to read and write, private property, work independently)
Vigilance committees.
Make sure that slave codes are being held.
Reasons to go west.
-Living space
-New Harbors
-New Markets
-Panic of 1837
-Manifest destiny
-Spread democracy
Manifest Destiny
-Destined to settle in the west.
Covered Wagons
-10ft long, 9 ft high.
-Oxen pulled.
-Traveled in big groups (wagon towns 50-100 ppl) for protection, the W was unknown and easier to manipulate wagons.
-Took 5 months.
-Needed gov (captains, judges+juries, wrote laws)
Oregon Trail
Route started in Independence MO.
Santa Fe Trail
Route also started in Independence and it went to New Mexico.
John Jacob Astor
Became the richest man in America. Settled in Oregon.
-Mormon leader was Joseph Smith founder (crazy, burned down printing press of paper that insulted him)
-Brigham Young new leader who moved to the Great Salt Lake.
Fort Laramie Treaty
To make peace between white settlers and the Native Americans, but it did not work.
Black Hawk War
With the Native Americans. Took place in Illinois. Chief Blackhawk. Native Americans refused to be removed, another reason why they were angry with whites.
Lone Star Republic
Mexican province. Cheaper land. Problems were Texians vs Tejanos, slavery and government.
The Alamo
Abandoned Mission. 12 day siege. 187 died, but 600 mexicans killed/wounded. "Remember the Alamo"
Davy Crockett
Fronteirsmen. Leader of the Alamo battle. One of the first American heroes.
James Bowie
Bowie knife. Died at alamo but too sick to fight in the battle. One of the main leaders also.
William Travis
Failed marriage then leaves and comes to Texas. One of the leaders of the Alamo battle.
Presidential Election of 1844
Clay (Whig), Dems nominate 'dark horse' James K. Polk. Polk wins.
Lone Star Republic (real)
Sam Houston elected president. Constitution prohibited slavery discussion. South wanted in union, north didn't.
Gag rule
Rule in senate saying that you can't talk about slavery. Repealed because John Quincy Adams would talk daily about how it was too bad that you can't talk about it.
"Fifty-four forty of fight"
Polk wanted to expand our boundary into Canada to the 54 40 line.
James K. Polk
President. Expansionist. Came out of nowhere, a dark horse. Big issues was Texas annexation and he said 54 40 or fight.
Mexican War
-Causes: Texas annexation, boundary of Texas (we wanted Rio Grande), Cal and New Mexico.
-Polk gave John Slidell permission to spend 30 mil on Texas and Cal, but he was sent back to the US.
-Pol stationed Gen. Zachary Taylor at the Rio Grande and there was a skirmish with the Mexican army.
-Polk makes war message charging Mexico with shedding US blood on US soil.
Fighting of Mexican War
-Zachary Taylor (Old Rough and Ready)
-Winfield Scott (Old Fuss and Blue)
-John Fremont and Stephen Kearny set up the republic of California later.
-US never lost a battle.
-Yellow fever was the main cause of death for the US.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
-TX given to US (Border Rio Grande)
-US got all land between TX and Pacific.
-US paid Mex. 15 mil.
-Opposition from those who wanted all Mex, Whigs, and those who were against slavery.
Gadsden Purchase
Sourth New Mexico and Arizona bought for 10 mil.
Webster-Ashburton Treaty
Settles the Maine Canada border. Deal done by Webster who was the only member of the cabinet to not resign when Harrison died.