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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rene Descartes
Body vs. Mind
"I think therefore I am."
John Locke
We derive all our ideas form our experiences.
Baroque gardens
Perspective views, issue of infinity, picturesque.
Marc-Antoine Laugier
"primitive hut", seeking principles in an age of lack of principles.
"There is only one way of doing things right."
Debate between Jaque-Germain and Soufflot and Pierre Patte on the dimentions of the piers at St. Genevieve
Mathematical formulas vs. Geometrical rules
Mechanical theory vs. statics of everyday life
Ideal calculations vs. personal experience
Jaques-Francios Blondel
Six volume COURS on academic approach to architecture. First universal encyclopedia on architecture. Style should be chosen relative to function.
Nicholas Le Camus de Mezieres
THE GENIUS OF ARCHITECTURE -or- THE ANALOGY OF THAT ART WITHIN OUR SENSATION. "Character" of architecture; art of pleasing; the primacy of "feeling;" architect's taste; harmony is only accessible to the genius
Edmund Burke
Idea of "sublime": without a stong impression, nothing can be sublime; darkness is more productive of sublime than light.
Etienne Louis Boullee
The inquiry into the essential elements of bodies; the mysterious and magic effects of the dim and veiled light. (VISIONARY ARCHITECT)
Claude Nicolas Ledoux
His ideal city: bring together under a common roof those tastes and feelings that honor man; the ideas relating to the proper physiognomy. (VISIONARY ARCHITECT)
Jean Jacques Lequeu
The mirrored self; erotic symbolic order; the works as a snare for the eye. (VISIONARY ARCHITECT)
Giambattista Vico
Wrote PRINCIPLES OF A NEW SCIENCE (1725): Rejects Enlightenment and advances theory on cyclical historical development; recounting (interpretation) as a guide to truth
Carlo Lodoli
Proper use and nature of materials; pragmatic ideas anticipating the modern motto: form follows function
Giovanni Battista Piranesi
Engraved "fantasies": speculative composition based on detailed studies of Roman antiques; anti-Vitruvian eclectic forms; "use makes law"; influence to England
Chinoiserie
fantasy toward other cultures and follies transplanted from exotic architecture and gardens
"Anglo Chinese gardens"
from a French perspective
Cultural encounter through garden creation
The Jesuit contribution
Jacque-Nicholas-Louis Durand
His book PRECIS OF THE LECTURES ON ARCHITECTURE (1802: Summary of Essential point): Defines architecture as the "art of composing"; irrelevance of any transcendental justification; Utilitarianism: circle better than square because of less peremiter; rejected traditional Vitruvian explanation of anthropomorphic origin of the classic orders; only the form determined by the laws of mechanics and utility is essential
Durand's techings at Ecole Polytechnique
Education for new scientiic and specialized architecture; drawings as an instrument for precisely representing a building
Ecole de Beaux Arts de Paris
Education of classicism which overthrew the tradition (19th century)
Violett-le Duc (France)
His book, LECTURES ON ARCHITECTURE (1863): seeking a "new" architecture based on "Gothic" structural logic; architecture is an ethnic art; truthful construction and planning; "imporantance of method"
Agustus W Pugih (England)
Writings on authentic Gothic (1840's)
Gothic revivals in England
1850's - the nationalistic impulse
Charles Barry
House of Parliament (1840-1852)(London)
Phillip Webb and William Morris
Red House (1859), Kent, England; Arts and crafts movement
Romantic sensation
in Neoclassicism
John Soane (England, 1937)
Frequent study of Vitruvius and Le Camus' THE GENEIUS OF ARCHITECTURE; "costume of architecture"; his great architectural library; belief in public architecture as expression of civic virtue
Gottfried Semper (Germany)
Friends with richard Wagner (musician) and Friedrich Nietzsche (philosopher); His book THE FOUR ELEMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE (1851): Hearth, roof, enclosure, mound; art of weaving; concept of "dressing"
Neo-Palladianism in England
Lord Burlington's Chiswick Villa
Thomas Jefferson
Education in languages and law; politics: nine-year diplomatic mission (1784) in France; traveled extensively in France and England; book collection of French and English gardens and architecture; ideal university ideas; house intended to reflect natural order and betterment of society