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11 Cards in this Set

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How did the rebellion start?
1763, Patrick Henry addressed the Virginia House of Burggesses and blamed the new king, GEorge III for naming and supporting the nw ministers who designed the new legislature. He called for a revolution
Stamp Act Congress
Nine colonial assemblies met and 1765 and issued a set of Resolves that only their representatives could tax them.
Sons of Liberty
Mobs that sought to channel popular discontent with British rule into terririzing local British authorities.
Motives of the Crowd
Protestant mobs on May 5th celebrated Guy Fawkes day. Mobs were ready to resort to violence. New York lieutenant feared a massive assault on Fort George on Guy Fawkes day and thus he asked General Gage to use force but Gage said no.
Ideological roots of Resistance
Pamphlets began being written about the British violation of ther liberties and priveleges.
English Common Law
Legal rules and procedures that protected the king's subject against arbitrary acts by the government.
James Otis
In 1761, this Boston lawyer disputed the warrants in search and seizure.
Thomas Jefferson
A Virginian planter who invoked Enlightenment philosophers, Locke, and Montesqieu to justify their rights and the checks and balance of a government.
Writings
Provided the developing Patriot movment with a sense of identity and ideological agenda.
Parliament Compromises in 1766
George III had replaced Grenville with Lord Rockingham. Ben Franklin told Parliament that they would never pay a stamp act unless it was compelled by force of arms. The American boycott of British goods had caused a drastic fall in sales. William Pitt demanded that it be repealed but he argued that Parliament could not tax them yet he maintained British authority was supreme.
Actions by Rockingham
Repealed Stamp Act and ruled out use of troops against colonial crowds. Modified Sugar act. Passed the Declatory Act of 1766, which explicitly reaffirmed British Parliament's full power and authority.