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21 Cards in this Set

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French explorer who searched for NW passage but ended up discovering St. Lawrence River
Jacques Cartier
French colony now known as Nova Scotia
Acadia
Founded Quebec
Samuel de Champlain
Catholic missionaries who led the efforts to convert the Indians of Canada to Catholicism
Jesuits
they abandoned church of England entirely because was too corrupt to be reformed
Separatists
framework for government of Plymouth colony; allowed for annual election of leaders by Plymouth's adult males
Mayflower Compact
King Charles' archbishop who took several measures to purge parishes of ministers with separatist leanings
William Laud
oh lord, no separatist ministers!
a second colony of Puritans governed by John Winthrop. the people were Puritans, but they were not members of the Separatists' extreme sect, and they were not pilgrims like the people of Plymouth. They believed the anglican church needed to be purified to restore strict biblical interpretations. they were reformists.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
first governor of Mass Bay Company, prosperous and respected lawyer and landowner; famous for his "City Upon a Hill" sermon
John Winthrop
founder of CT
Thomas Hooker
minister who clashed with authorities in Mass and left to form colony of Providence (RI)
Roger Williams
Puritan woman who began preaching her own ideas to her neighbors and was expelled from colony for sedition
Anne Hutchinson
a minority within Puritan movement who rejected the notion that the ability to lead an upright life was a natural consequence of being saved
Antinomianism
Radical protestants who believed that God revealed his will directly to believers, enabling men and women to achieve spiritual perfection; "society of friends," women held office
Quakers
Dutch colony founded in present-day NY
New Netherlands
the hated royal governor of Dominion of Northern England; sent as governor and began enforcing things previously ignored; was overthrown
Sir Edmund Andros
leader of Wampanoag tribe of Plymouth; held uprising that destroyed many white settlements and made it within 20 miles of Boston before being defeated; witch doctor; 20,000 englishmen killed
Metacomet
one of most ferocioius Indian tribes; had matriarchs
Iroquois
ardent Quaker who founded PA (maybe also the Quakers?); paid for land from Indians- peaceful
William Penn
an uprising in NY against authority of the Dominion of New England; the leaders later convicted of treason and hanged by the colony's elite. German led it and thought William and Mary would agree with him.
Leisler's Rebellion
bloodless coup in England that forced JamesII into exile and brought William and Mary to the English throne
the Glorioius Revolution