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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Anne Bradstreet
One of early America’s most creative poets, who wrote movingly of the fulfillment she had found with her husband.
Almost 11 million slaves were carried to the Americas between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. Most of slaves went to the North Indies and Brazil. Most slaves cultivated rice sugar and tobacco and because of the hard physical labor, most were male. Because blacks in Africa were associated with heathen religion, barbarous behavior, and sexual promiscuity, it was easy for the enslavement of Africans to be unobjectionable.. Africans first landed in Virginia in 1619 as a cargo of slaves stolen by a Dutch trader from a Spanish merchant ship in the Caribbean. Some black laborers were slaves for life, and were bought and sold; others became servants for stated periods of time, and in some instances, blacks were allowed to purchase their freedom.
Olaudah Equiano
an African sold in Virginia in 1757. He earned the price of his own freedom by careful trading and saving. When he came to London and became involved with a movement to abolish slave trading, he began writing and publishing and wrote The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa the African (1789) which became a best seller and made him quite wealthy.
An economic theory that shaped imperial policy throughout the colonial period, mercantilism was built on the assumption that the world’s wealth was a fixed supply. In order to increase its wealth, a nation needed to export more goods than it imported. Favorable trade and protective economic policies, as well as new colonias possessions rich in raw materials, were important in achieving this balance.
enumerated goods
Certain essential raw materials produced in the North American colonies, such as tobacco, sugar, and rice specified in the Navigation Acts, which stipulated that these goods could be shipped only to England or its colonies
Navigation Acts
A series of commercial restrictions passed by Parliament intended to regulate colonial commerce in such a way as to favor England’s accumulation of wealth.
Bacon's Rebellion
An armed rebellion in Virginia (1675-1676) led by Nathaniel Bacon against the colony’s royal governor Sir William Berkely. Although some of his followers called for an end of special privilege in government, Bacon was chiefly interested in gaining a larger share of the lucrative Indian trade
King Phillip's War
King Phillip was the name whites gave to Metacomet, a Wampanoag chief, who declared war against the colonists. In a little more than a year of fighting more than one thousand Indians and New Englanders died. The defeated Indians were forced off their lands.
Salem Witch Trials
The terror began in 1691 in Salem Village, when several adolescent girls began to behave in strange ways. They cried out for no apparent reason and twitched on the ground. When asked, the girls announced they were victims of witches. In 1692, a special court convened and began to send men and women to the gallows. There were 19 people hanged, one pressed to death and several more that died in jail. The storm was over as quickly as it was started when congregational ministers urged leniency and restraint.