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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
magna carta
document that guaranteed rights to english nobles
parliament
representative assembly in england
mayflower compact
agreement for ruling the plymouth colony signed by pilgrims before they landed at plymouth
city-state
town that has its own independent government
monarch
king or queen
serf
peasant who worked fora lord and could not leave without the lords permission
encomiendas
right given by spanish government to spanish settlers to demand labor or taxes from native americans
creole
person born in spains american colonies to spanish parents
middle passage
ocean trip from africa to the americas in which thousands of enslaved africans died
crusades
wars fought by european christians in the middle ages to gain control of the middle east
renaissance
french word meaning re-birth
burst of learning in europe from the late 1300 to the 1600
peninsulare
person from spain who held a position of power in a spanish colony
apprentice
person who learns a trade or craft from a master
common
open field where cattle graze
exports
trade products sent to markets outside a country
town meeting
session in which citizens discuss and vote on local community issues
imports
trade product brought into a country
patroon
owner of a huge estate in a dutch colony
proprietor
owner of a proprietary colony
plantation
large estate farmed by many workers
quakers
protestant reformers who settled in pennsylvania
puritans
group of english protestants who settled in massachusetts bay colony
tidewater
xx
conquistador
spanish word for conquer
gentry
highest social class in the 13 english colonies
filibuster
xx
committees of correspondence
group of colonists who wrote letters and pamphlets reporting on british actions
continental congress
xx
repeal
to cancel or undo
militia
army of citizens who serve as soldiers in an emergency
blockade
shutting off a port by positioning ships to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
minutemen
colonial volunteer who trained to fight the british
regular army
xx
boycott
to refuse to by certain goods or services
conventional
xx
bombard
xx
ratify
to approve
natural rights
rights that belong to all people from birth
veto
to reject
retreat
xx
guerilla
soldier who uses hit and run tactics
neutral
not taking sides in a war
militant
xx
siege
military blockade of an enemy town or position in order to foce it to surrender
judicial
xx
electoral
xx
executive
xx
legislative
xx
amend
to change
propose
xx
bill
proposed law
bill of rights
first ten ammendments to the constitution

list of freedoms that a government promises to protect
ratify
to approve
impeach
to bring charges against
republic
nation in which voters elect representatives to govern them
compromise
settlement in which each sides gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement
federalism
division of power between the states and the national government
virginia plan
x
new jersey plan
x
3/5 compromise
agreement at the constitutional convention that 3/5 of slaves in any state could be counted in its population
federalist
a person supporting the constitution
anti-federalist
a person who is against the constitution