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27 Cards in this Set

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Competency
Early-mid 19th century ideal of what family farm should be-subsistent farming to remain independent and some surplus to sell on market to improve material conditions-primarily northern
Cotton Gin
: invented in 1793 by Eli Whitney in Georgia; made the production of cotton easier in the south; shifted the main crop from tobacco to cotton. This increased the slave labor force and led to a push for expansion.
Missouri Compromise
1820; resolution to the LA purchase; wasn't clear if MO would be a free or slave state; the resolution was for Maine to be added as a free state and MO as a slave state
Burned-Over District
Rochester, NY; 1837; business district where working men consumed alcohol throughout the working day; it went under reform to reduce alcohol consumption under the temperance movement based on the influence of religion ***religious revivalism is the source of temperance, abolition, etc.
Joseph Smith Jr.
1830-inspires westward expansion of Mormons into Salt Lake City; founder of the Mormon church; wrote the "Books of Mormon"; had a vision of perfected Christianity, ideas of loyalty and subordination and paternalism; showed that America could be religiously intolerant
Manifest Destiny
1845; justification for white settlers to take the land they wanted, named by NY journalist
Louisiana Purchase
1803; American army took control of the land; Jefferson had wanted this for awhile
Alien and Sedition Acts
1798; focused on persecution of those who slandered or defied the gov't.; focused mainly on French migrants and a crackdown on free speech
Stephen A. Douglas
IL, 1850
Alexander Hamilton
mid 1790s; first secretary of treasury, founder of federalist party, proposed Bank of the U.S., rivalries with Jefferson
Bank of the U.S.
1780; proposed by Hamilton to stabilize economy; Madison and Jefferson against it-worried it would give rich undue influence over economy
Julian Steward
1902-1972; Southwest; anthropologist from U of I who studied in the SW; wanted to learn about Native Americans b4 their culture was lost and understand "authentic" NA culture; substinence was the driving force in cultural formation
Republicanism
1800; post-colonial America;political ideology that came to life in election of 1800; based a small and simple government that provides everyday people with independence
Bennet Barrow
1838, Louisiana; slaveowner, kept a detailed record of whipping that he ordered for slaves on his plantation. shows the role violence played in owning slaves and the way paternalism makes violence within slaver ok. it's not hidden
Hartford Convention
1814; Hartford, Connecticut; federalist convention discussing the 3/5 compromise and the 2-party system, appeared treasonous; the federalist party was dying and thus trying to assert itself
Charles Finney
1830; Rochester, NY; minister who went on a 6-month revival in Rochester, converting thousands. Transformed much of NY from gambling, prostitution, and drinking to religion. Contributed directly to temperance movement
temperance
1830s-American Temperance Society founded in Connecticut; the new spread of religion led to strong feelings against drinking
black codes
1865; south; a series of laws intended to keep blacks inferior; denied them the basic rights that whites had and subjected them to every form of discrimination; also, they were mostly intended to force them to retreat to farm and domestic labor they had performed as slaves
Emancipation Proclamation
issued by Lincoln on Jan.1, 1863; freed slaves in the states in the states that were in rebellion, and committed the federal government to the fullest use of African Americans to defeat the Confederate enemy.
Nat Turner
1831; VA; led a tirade in 1831 in which they killed white slaveowners and freed slaves; was eventually caught and killed; led whites to realize the need to prevent slave rebellions.
Seneca Falls Convention
1848; Seneca Falls, NY; the first national women’s rights convention in the U.S. in which they listed the many ways that women were discriminated against. ***The Seneca Falls Declaration served as a pathbreaking manifesto of dissent against male supremacy and of support for women suffrage, which would become the focus of the women’s rights movement during the next 70 years.
Tallmadge Amendment
1819; James Tallmadge Jr., a NY rep. in congress proposed 2 amendments as a reaction to the problems with MO’s unusual geography: 1) slaves born in MO after statehood would be free at age 25 and 2)no new slaves could be imported into the state
Tenskwatawa
1805; Prophetstown (in present-day Indiana); urged Indians everywhere to return to tradition, saying that whites were evil and joined his brother Tecumseh in leading others in spiritual regeneration and political unity
Worcester v. Georgia
1832, Georgia; case in which the supreme court ruled that the Cherokee had the right to their own territory and that Georgia’s laws could have no force upon them; made pres. Jackson very mad and tried to force the Cherokee to move west, but they stayed in GA for 2 more years.
yeoman farmer
yeoman in both north and south; mid 1800s; farmers who owned their own land and owned no slaves; between powerholders and women/slaves; land ownership was the fundamental qualification for being an active citizen
Election of 1824
the first presidential contest in which candidates’ popularity with ordinary voters could be measured; Adams won.
Election of 1824
the first presidential contest in which candidates’ popularity with ordinary voters could be measured; Adams won.