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67 Cards in this Set

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Foreign Slave Trade
1798- all states close but GA, but SC also brought in tons, what to do with all these slaves?
African Colonization Society
captured all slaves illegally imported and sent them back to Africa.
Battle of Trafalger
British won, complete dominance of sea, set up illegit trade that forced US sailors into British navy,
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
Leopard- British warship dominated the US, demonstrating weakness of US military
Embargo Act
Jefferson tried to cut off trade w/ Britain, but resulted in depression and anger from states
Election of 1808
Madison easily defeats CC Pickney, the erases Embargo Act
Non-Intercourse Act
US will trade w/ anyone except Britain and France
Macon's Bill No. 2
US would trade w/ Eng. or Fren., whichever one respected us more- failed to have intended effect
Tecumseh Conspiracy
pulled together confederation of Indians to fight US, had British support
William Henry Harrison
in charge of army in Tippecanoe battle,
Battle of Tippecanoe
Harrison's men fought off suprise attack by Indians and then found evidence of British support
War Hawks
wanted war w/ G.B.
Henry C. Clay
war hawk from Kentucky
John C. Calhoun
war hawk from South Carolina
Oliver Hazard Perry and Battle of put-in bay
wanted to control Great Lakes. US defeated British Navy, gaining Lake Erie and an avenue to invade Canada
Battle of River Thames
Harrison won this battle, killed Tecumseh, secured control of the Old Northwest of US
Thomas McDonough and the Battle of Lake Chamberlain
McDonough uses battle genius to upset British navy and gains control of Lake Chamerlain.
Andrew Jackson and the Battle of New Orleans
US soldiers use long+ accurate rifles to crush British troops, actually fought after was over
Treaty of Ghent
1814, return to the way things were before the war, G.B. stays away from US ships
Hartford Convention
called for constiutional changes- make amendment to strike 3/5 clause, limit presidency to 1 year, can't have two presidents in a row from the same state
Second War for American Independence
the difficulties of the war somewhat hidden by selective memory- Americans feel a sense of accomplishment, especially economically
Eli Whitney
invented interchangeable parts and the cotton gin
Interchangeable Parts
allows for mass production, saves products, also basis for repair
Erie Canal
enables connection from Mohawk river to Great Lakes, enables massive expansion of Old Northwest and NY
New York City
undergoing huge population growth 1830-1860
Old Northwest
Ohio, Illinois, Indiana also undergoing massive population changes
Old Southwest
Bama, Mississippi undergoing lots of expansion westward, high population, slavery permitted here
Cotton Gin
really simple machine that easily gets out burrs of cotton
Sea Island cotton
coastal SC and GA, very high quality selling at high price
Upland Cotton
difficult to remove the burr from this type of cotton
Second Bank of the United States
citizens are making money irresponsibly w/out B.U.S., Madison realized it is essential and recreates it
Maine
argument over Maine b/c southeners wanted Missouri Act, norhteners argued for the Tallmadge Agreement
Sen. JB Thomas
nothing wrong w/ slave ownership
Missouri Compromise
maine is free, missouri is slave
36,30
south of that line, there is slavery. north of it, there is not.
Rufus King
attacked slavery for being morally wrong
Henry Clay
supported Missouri Compromise. warned N to support it or not to vote at all. caused a situation where some agreed with the Southeners, and some felt that there had to be Missouri compromise to save the union.
doughface
someone is soft on slavery
State's rights
southeners are avid supporters of states rights so states can decide for themselves whether they will allow slavery
Alabama
admitted as a slave state.
Election of 1824
rep party- William Crawford
John Quincy Adams- won the presidency in the electoral college
Henry Clay
Andrew Jackson- won popular vote
William Crawford
Georgian, fought for state's rights, had a stroke in 1823 which caused people to have doubts when the election came, didn't believe in interal improvements
John Quincy Adams
New england candidate, which caused discomfort among voters.
Henry Clay
ran from West, speaker in the house, put forward American program
American Program
first time someone would bring together regions intellgently. it would improve transportation/commerce between east and west
protective tariff
would reduce transportation costs, create jobs.
John C. Calhonu
everyone's choice for VP in 1824
Andrew Jackson
ran as a hero in 1824, kept quiet on the issues, won the popular vote
Bucktails
Van Buren and his supporters
Martin Van Buren
LOVED politics, didn't believe in natural elite, very successufl lawyer, enjoyed wielding power, NY state legislature, chosen on national level, orignially supported Crawford, wanted a competeive two-party system, NOT one huge Rep. party, wnated to build based on Jeffersonian principles, teamed up with Andrew Jackson, built party around Jackson....and the democratic party emerges
Tarriff of Abominations
1824, offered something for...look this up
Election of 1828
Jackson won handily- Van Buren was right about two party system bringing out the voters
Nicolas trist
position w/ winfield's troops- chief clerk of the state dept.,soctt didnt trust him at first, eventually became good friends, polk withdrew trist ability to negotiate treaty
treaty of guadalaupe hidalgo- trist
gave the US all area west of Texas. polk decided to sent it to senate w/out endorsing it, became law of the land
America in 1850
check the notes...it's a lot

two party system, no natural elite, ubranizing, south investing a lot in slavery while north is rapidly industrializing
Southeners and slavery
social, economic, and racial institution. belived this institution would sweet the world. enables a lot of whites to advance themselves.
Slavery
slave is viewed as part property and as part human, extension of master's will,
Slave codes
laws that govern what slaves can and cannot do. don't teach them to reda and write, thehy must have passes to leave plantation, etc.
Economic of slavery
make huge amounts of money using slave labor. huge outputs.
care of slaves
used positive incentives to ensure they would behave, not revolt, think they were well off, etc. used negative incenties to punish when they break rules and such.
slave community
slave participated in many family activites. field slaves, urban slaves, plantation slaves.
urban slavery
10% of all slaves live in urban environments. very different from rural slavery. had more skills.
Kitchen Cabinet
Andrew Jackson's cabinet- Van Buren was the Sec of State, John eaton- Sec. of war. didn't matter whether they had expertise or not
Patronage
huge numbers of individuals who were into government simply because they were huge democratic supporters. they gained the spoils of war.
Maysville Veto
a bill that was passed for the building of a long road that passed through Kentucky. Jackson vetoed on the grounds that it was unconstiutional in that it violated states' rights and federal surplus could not be used for internal improvements. like Jefferson, he had a strict interpretation of the constitution
Western Lands
Jackson wanted to open up western lands for the settlement of white people, and he wanted to promote small, white farmers. felt that future generations neede access to cheap lands.
South Carolina Exposition and Crisis
Calhoun wrote an article saying that states had the right to nullify federal law within that state, if they gathered up a state-ratifying representative body.