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42 Cards in this Set

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Dharma
All law, duty, order, and balance which is establshed.
Four Goals
1. Kama
2. Artha
3. Dharma
4. Moksha
Kama
Pleasure
Artha
Weath / Stability
Moksha
Liberation
Caste System
1. Brahmin
2. Kshatriya
3. Vaishya
4. Shudra
Brahmin
a.ka. Priests, in charge of all relgious stuff.
Kshatriya
a.k.a. Warriors, legislative caste.
Vaishya
a.k.a. Producers, experts in increase.
Shudra
a.k.a. Laborers
Four Vedas
1. Rig Veda
2. Sama Veda
3. Ya Jur Veda
4. Atharua Veda
Rig Veda
Veda full of hymns dedicated to Gods and Goddesses. Most important Veda.
Sama Veda
Veda with musical elaborations containing detailed instructions for the individual to practice the ritual.
Ya Jur Yeda
Veda that is a collection of texts and instructions which explains on how to participate in the ritual.
Atharua Veda
The junk drawer veda, anything that's not a hymn, musical elaborations, or instructions.

Ex: folk charms, remedies.
Four Stages of Life
1. Student
2. Householder
3. Retiree
4. Renunciant
Atman
The self, you exist because you have Brahman.
Brahman
In person power which gives rise to all things that is achieved through meditation.
Upanishads
800-300 BCE, Texts in reaction against the Vedic tradition that states that the ritual starts in the mind. Actions start with thoughts/motives.
Maya
An illusion, what you see around you seems important but only religious truth is (Brahman).
Agni
God of Fire a.k.a. Messenger of the Gods
Soma
An intoxicating or hallucinogenic beverage, used as an offering to the Hindu gods and consumed by participants in Vedic ritual sacrifices.
Sanskrit
The language of the Vedas and of Hinduism, an official language of India although it is now used only for religious purposes.
Karma
Cause and effect, a completed action with a result in the end.
Devas
Shining One, God of Purpose
Yajna
Fire Sacrifice
Aryans
Group of nomedic people who brought in the Vedic Hinduism to the indian sub-continent. They like to engage in war, and use the caste system.
Ramayana
Epic written in verse that provides ideals of life/Dharma. Mostly about the story of Rama.
Rama
Hero in the Ramayana in effort to save his captured wife Sita, from a demon.
Mahabharata
An epic poem of India dealing mainly with the conflict between two families for a kingdom, includes the Bhagavad-Gita.
Bhagavad-Gita
Portion of the Mahabharata that is a question and answer session between a God and a human. (the hero Arjuna and his charioteer, the avatar Krishna) Krishna says he Vishnu.
Krishna
An avatar of Vishnu and one of the most popular of Indian deities, who appears in the Bhagavad-Gita as the teacher of Arjuna. Tells Arjuno to worship.
Bhakti
Selfless devotion as a means of reaching Brahman.

Action + Thought = Devotion
Puja
Material offering/action. The acted self.
Avatara
Incarnations of Hindu gods, especially Vishnu.
Yoga
Training the body to sit and meditate. To connect to the Gods.
Samskaras
"Perfections" Rights of passages. Things that mark transitions in time in someone's life.
Kirtan
A religious song pertaining to "religious kareoke" but as a serious devotion.
Yatra
A long pilgrimage of sacred travel which is just as important as its destination.
Vishnu
One of the principal Hindu deities, worshiped as the protector and preserver of worlds. Often conceived as a member of the triad including also Brahma and Shiva.
Shakti
The female principle or organ of generative power.
Gandhi
Was a major political and spiritual leader of India. Was interested in freedom and was opposed by the nationalists.