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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How many vertebrae are there?
33
There are (1)vertebrae
33
What are the different regions of the veretebral column>
(1)7 Cervical (2)12 thoracic (3)5 lumbar (4)5 sacrum (5) 4 cocccyx
What are the different regions of the veretebral column>
(1)7 Cervical (2)12 thoracic (3)5 lumbar (4)5 sacrum (5) 4 cocccyx
In the vertebral column, there are (1)cervical, (2)thoracic, (3)lumbar (4)sacrum, and (5) coccyx
(1)7 (2)12 (3)5 (4)5 (5)4
What are primary curves?
curves in the back that form during the fetal period
NAMe
these are curves in the back that form during the fetal period
primary curves
What are secondary curves?
form after birth as result of lifting the head and walking
NAME
these curves in the vertebrae form after birth as a result of lifting the head and walking
secondary curves
What are the actually primary curves? (2)
(1)thoracic (2)sacral
NAME
these curves include the thoracic and sacral
primary curves
What are the actually secondary curves? (2)
cervical (2)lumbar
nAME
these curves include cervical and lumbar
secondary curves
How may curves are in the vertebrae (2)?
2-primary w throacic and sacral (2)secondary= cervical and lumbar
What is kyphosis?
is an exaggeration of the throacic curvature
NAME
this is an exaggeration of the thoracic curvature
kyphosis
What is lordosis?
think l for lumbar.......is an exaggeration of the lumbar curvature
NAME
this is an exaggeration of the lumbar curvature
lordosis
What are some causes of Kyphosis?
osteoprosis or disk degeneration
NAME
the exaggeration of this curve may be caused by osteoprosis or disk degeneration
Kyphosis or lumbar
What may cause lordosis?
pregrancy or pot belly
nAME
this may be caused by pregrancy or pot belly
lordosis
What is scoliiosis?
is a lateral deviation of the vertebral column
NAME
this is a lateral deviation of the vertebral column
scoliosis
What may cause scoliosis?
short leg or hip disease
nAME
this may be caused by short leg or hip disease
scoliosis
Where is the ALanto-occipital joint located?
btwn C1 and the occipital joint
nAME
this joint is located btwn the C1 and the occipital joint
Alanto occipital joint
What is the Atlanto-axial joint located?
btwn C1 and C2
NAME
this joint is located btwn C1 and C2
Atlanto-axial joint
What is the Atlanto-occipital joint?
allows you to nod your head up in down as in saying "yes"
NAME
this joint allows you to nod your head up and down to say "yes"
Atlanto-occipital joint
What is the Atlanto-axial joint?
allow you to turn you head side to side as in saying "no"
NAME
this allows you to turn your head to side to side as in saying "no"
Atlanto-axial joint
What is the differ btwn the Atlanto-occipital and Alanto-axial joint?
(1)Atlanto-occipital-located btwn occipital condyles and C1 and allows for you to nod your head up and down for "yes" (2)Alanto-axial joint- located btwn C1 and C2 and allows you to move your head to left or right when saying "no"
C1 is also called the (1)
atlas
(1)is also called the atlas
C1
C2 is also called the (1)
axis
(1)is also called the axis
C2
In C1 and C2, there are no (1)
intervertebral disks
NAME
these vertebrae have no intervertberal disks
C1 and C2
What is subluxation
is an incomplete or partial dislocation.
NAME
this is an incomplete or partial dislocation.
subluxation
What can cause the subluxatio or dislocation of the Atlanto-axial joint?
truama to the head or rheumatoid arthisis....these things usally cuase the rupture of the tranverse ligament of the atalas
NAME
this can be caused by trauma to the head or rheumatoid arthritis....these things usally result in the rapture of the tranverse ligament of the atalas
subluxation of disolation of the Atlanto-axial joint
zygapophyseal joint is also called the (1)
face joint
(1)is also called the facet joint
zygapophyseal joint
What are the function of the zygapophyseal joint?
is to prevent excessive torsion (twisting) of the spine, while allowing a small amount of lateral bending and flexion and extension and gliding movements
NAME
these 2 joints prevent excessive twisting of the spine, while allowing a small amount of lateral bending and flexion and extension
facet joint
j
h
sacrum
what vertebrae are you looking at?
cervical
What region is this vertebrae located in?

(2)id parts
lumbar
What region of the vertebrae is this located in?
(2)id parts
thoracic
What region is this vertbrae loacted in?>
(2)id parts
How do you tell when the vertebrae is cervical? (2)
look for large vertbral forarm or opening in the middle (2)and opening for blood vessels suplying the brain
How do you tell when the vertebrae is lumbar?
(1)has bigger body (2)spinous processes point anteriorly
How do you tell when the vertebrae is thoracic?
(1)have articlar facets on the tranverse and spinous processes (2)spinous processes point posteriorly
C1
What vertebrae is this? (2)id parts
C2
What vertebrae is this? (2)id parts
How do you tell if a the vertebrae is C1?
vertebral forarem looks like a lightbulb (2)look for holes for blood vessels on side
How do you tell if the vertebrae is C2?
the vertebral forarm is heart shaped (2)look for holes for blood vessels on side