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85 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
an activity that children engage in because they enjoy it for its own sake
permissive parents
parents who take a tolerant accepting view of their children's behavior.
authoritative parents
parents who respond to their children's wishes and needs, believing in parental control. they attempt to explain the reasons for it to their children.
refers to the need to establish and maintain relations with others and to regulate behavior according to society's demands
the play material we furnish children are laden with________ ________
multiple messages
when parents buy toys, they should be concerned with the type of ________ the toy can lead to.
authoritarian parents
parents who are demanding and want instant obedience as the most desirable child trait.
play is associated with four aspects of development: _______, ________, ________, and _________
physical, cognitive, social, emotional
psychologists today are more alert to the proper use of the terms ________ and ________ to indicate the interaction of _______ and ________ to explain gender.
sex, gender, biology, environment
when children develop a mental blueprint concerning gender, this is called ________ ________ ______.
gender schema theory
children usually acquire a sense of self by ______ months of age
the "I" is the ________
the "me" is the _________
knower, known
______ day-care settings are the most numerous probably because they are the least _________
family, expensive
High quality day care has a positve effect on children's __________ achievement.
nearly _____ of today's marriages will probably end in divorce.
about _____ percentage of children have siblings
the sibling subsystem in a family is often called the _________ _________
sibling underworld
many parents use parenting strategies that they don't believe are effective, such as_________ _____________
passive nonintervention
when a divorce is followed by a remarriage, the resulting family is called a __________ family.
selma frailberg identified the early childhood period as

a. children and their parents
b. the magic years
c. stress and storm
d. society and its children
the magic years
a child who is aggressive and demonstrates a lack of responsibilty is associated with _______ parenting behavior.

a. authoritative
b. permissive
c. authoritarian
d. doting
almost ______ percent of second marriages will end in divorce

a. 48
b. 62
c. 74
d. 83
divorce is thought of today as a _______ of experiences.

a. sequence
b. repression
c. assimilation
d. amalgamation
after divorce, family conditions usually stabilize in about ______ years.

a. two
b. three
c. four
d. five
about ____ ______ places provide day-care services.
35000 to 45000
_______ are older, better educated, and higher paid care givers.
in the united states the majority of children under_____ recieve nonparental care.

a. 2
b. 3
c. 4
d. 5
the most important feature of day care is the ______ of care provided.

a. time
b. degree
c. extent
d. quality
the beliefs that we have about the characteristics and behavior we associate with male and female is called
gender stereotypes
the cognitve development theory, children first acqire their
gender identity
social learning theory depends on the concept of ______ to explain the acquisition of appropiate gender behavior.

a. schema
b. assimilation
c. reinforcement
d. adaptation
when children of the same sex tend to play together, it is referred to as

a. sex differentiation
b. sex cleavage
c. sex bias
d. sex dichotomy
sex cleavage
play materials are grouped into _______ categories

a. 4
b. 6
c. 8
d. 10
true play has no _______ goals

a. divergent
b. coericive
c. intrinsic
d. extrinsic
piaget classified games as practice, with rules, and

a. complex
b. routine
c. simple
d. symbolic
obtaining information from memory.
imposing structure on information to aid recall
repeating information to aid memory
the amount of information a person can attend at the time.
span of apprehension
children's realization that others' thoughts affect their behavior.
theory of mind
refers to when children learn to distinguish and accept the real world
cognitive development extending from about 2 to 7 years
children's preference for using one hand over the other.
skills( both gross and fine ) resulting from physical development enabling children to perform smoothe and coordinated physical acts
motor skills
language that children use to show an understanding of words without hecessarily producing them.
receptive language
techniques to help children detect word meanings
fast mapping
language that children use to express their own ideas and needs.
expressive language
children's inappropiate use of language rules they have learned.
childrens tendency to apply a word too widely.
imitative behavior that continues after the disapperance of the model to be imitated.
deferred imitation
the game of pretending
symbolic play
child's growing ability to engage in abstract thinking
the ability to reverse thinking
the ability to group objects with some similarities within a larger category.
the centering of attention on one aspect of an object and the neglecting of any other features.
students are taught partly in english and partly in their own language
bilingualism immersion
mental images that are faithful to the oringinal object event being represented
reproductive images
images that enable the child to anticipate change.
anticipatory images
a program that has children spend 90% of their time using the minority language is called _________ _________
bilingual immersion
LEP refers to
limited english profiency
the two chief methods for instructing the non-english speaking students are _______ and ________.
bilingual educaton, ESL
________ describes how to put sounds together to form words.
preschool programs are usually oriented to either _________ or _______/_______/ _________ development.
cognitve, physical, social, emotional
when children understand the what people believe affects what they do, they are at the _____-_______ level.
to understand that an object retains properties no matter how its form changes is called_________.
attributing human activity or creation to things is known as _________.
according to piaget, _________ is the means that permits children to assimilate reality to self.
gardner has attributed the loss of a child's artistic creativity to the ________ ____ _________.
"reach for realism"
motor skils fall into two types ______ and _______,
gross, fine
much of our knowledge about the development of children's art is based on the millions of children's drawings collected by ___________.
the period of early childhood extends form the age of ______ to the age of ______.
by the age of 3 a child should be able to
jump from stairs
by the age of five to six years, _______% of adult brain weight is present.

a. 70
b. 80
c. 90
d. 100
a frequent cause of psychological disturbance for children can be

a. brain adaption
b. muscle growth
c. equilbration
d. stress
using the large muscles is referred to as _______ motor skills.

a. fine
b. peripheral
c. gross
d. anatomical
controlled scribbling appears at about age

a. 5
b. 3
c. 4
d. 2
a child's belief the inanimate objects are real and conscious is known as
by the time children are ready to enter first grade they have a vocabulary of about _______ words.
project head start was initiated in the

a. 1960s
b. 1970s
c. 1980s
d. 1990s
a child's ability to absorb experiences from the environment.
absorbent mind
the belief that a gene predisposes us to handedness is called the ________ theory.
hemispheric specialization is often reffered to as __________.
by 2 to 2 1/2 years of age, the brain has achieved about _________% of its adult weight.
by the end of this period children begin to lose their ________ ________.
baby teeth
during this period a child can grow as much as ______ inches and gain about _______ pounds per year.