• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/85

Click to flip

85 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
play
an activity that children engage in because they enjoy it for its own sake
permissive parents
parents who take a tolerant accepting view of their children's behavior.
authoritative parents
parents who respond to their children's wishes and needs, believing in parental control. they attempt to explain the reasons for it to their children.
socialization
refers to the need to establish and maintain relations with others and to regulate behavior according to society's demands
the play material we furnish children are laden with________ ________
multiple messages
when parents buy toys, they should be concerned with the type of ________ the toy can lead to.
activities
authoritarian parents
parents who are demanding and want instant obedience as the most desirable child trait.
play is associated with four aspects of development: _______, ________, ________, and _________
physical, cognitive, social, emotional
psychologists today are more alert to the proper use of the terms ________ and ________ to indicate the interaction of _______ and ________ to explain gender.
sex, gender, biology, environment
when children develop a mental blueprint concerning gender, this is called ________ ________ ______.
gender schema theory
children usually acquire a sense of self by ______ months of age
18
the "I" is the ________
the "me" is the _________
knower, known
______ day-care settings are the most numerous probably because they are the least _________
family, expensive
High quality day care has a positve effect on children's __________ achievement.
intellectual
nearly _____ of today's marriages will probably end in divorce.
one-half
about _____ percentage of children have siblings
eighty
the sibling subsystem in a family is often called the _________ _________
sibling underworld
many parents use parenting strategies that they don't believe are effective, such as_________ _____________
passive nonintervention
when a divorce is followed by a remarriage, the resulting family is called a __________ family.
blended
selma frailberg identified the early childhood period as

a. children and their parents
b. the magic years
c. stress and storm
d. society and its children
the magic years
a child who is aggressive and demonstrates a lack of responsibilty is associated with _______ parenting behavior.

a. authoritative
b. permissive
c. authoritarian
d. doting
permissive
almost ______ percent of second marriages will end in divorce

a. 48
b. 62
c. 74
d. 83
62
divorce is thought of today as a _______ of experiences.

a. sequence
b. repression
c. assimilation
d. amalgamation
sequence
after divorce, family conditions usually stabilize in about ______ years.

a. two
b. three
c. four
d. five
two
about ____ ______ places provide day-care services.
35000 to 45000
_______ are older, better educated, and higher paid care givers.
nannies
in the united states the majority of children under_____ recieve nonparental care.

a. 2
b. 3
c. 4
d. 5
5
the most important feature of day care is the ______ of care provided.

a. time
b. degree
c. extent
d. quality
quality
the beliefs that we have about the characteristics and behavior we associate with male and female is called
gender stereotypes
the cognitve development theory, children first acqire their
gender identity
social learning theory depends on the concept of ______ to explain the acquisition of appropiate gender behavior.

a. schema
b. assimilation
c. reinforcement
d. adaptation
reinforcement
when children of the same sex tend to play together, it is referred to as

a. sex differentiation
b. sex cleavage
c. sex bias
d. sex dichotomy
sex cleavage
play materials are grouped into _______ categories

a. 4
b. 6
c. 8
d. 10
4
true play has no _______ goals

a. divergent
b. coericive
c. intrinsic
d. extrinsic
extrinsic
piaget classified games as practice, with rules, and

a. complex
b. routine
c. simple
d. symbolic
symbolic
obtaining information from memory.
retrieval
imposing structure on information to aid recall
organization
repeating information to aid memory
rehearsal
the amount of information a person can attend at the time.
span of apprehension
children's realization that others' thoughts affect their behavior.
theory of mind
refers to when children learn to distinguish and accept the real world
realism
cognitive development extending from about 2 to 7 years
preoperational
children's preference for using one hand over the other.
handedness
skills( both gross and fine ) resulting from physical development enabling children to perform smoothe and coordinated physical acts
motor skills
language that children use to show an understanding of words without hecessarily producing them.
receptive language
techniques to help children detect word meanings
fast mapping
language that children use to express their own ideas and needs.
expressive language
children's inappropiate use of language rules they have learned.
overregulation
childrens tendency to apply a word too widely.
overextentions
imitative behavior that continues after the disapperance of the model to be imitated.
deferred imitation
the game of pretending
symbolic play
child's growing ability to engage in abstract thinking
representation
the ability to reverse thinking
reversibility
the ability to group objects with some similarities within a larger category.
classification
the centering of attention on one aspect of an object and the neglecting of any other features.
centration
students are taught partly in english and partly in their own language
bilingualism immersion
mental images that are faithful to the oringinal object event being represented
reproductive images
images that enable the child to anticipate change.
anticipatory images
a program that has children spend 90% of their time using the minority language is called _________ _________
bilingual immersion
LEP refers to
limited english profiency
the two chief methods for instructing the non-english speaking students are _______ and ________.
bilingual educaton, ESL
________ describes how to put sounds together to form words.
phonolgy
preschool programs are usually oriented to either _________ or _______/_______/ _________ development.
cognitve, physical, social, emotional
when children understand the what people believe affects what they do, they are at the _____-_______ level.
belief-desire
to understand that an object retains properties no matter how its form changes is called_________.
conservation
attributing human activity or creation to things is known as _________.
artificalism
according to piaget, _________ is the means that permits children to assimilate reality to self.
play
gardner has attributed the loss of a child's artistic creativity to the ________ ____ _________.
"reach for realism"
motor skils fall into two types ______ and _______,
gross, fine
much of our knowledge about the development of children's art is based on the millions of children's drawings collected by ___________.
kellogg
the period of early childhood extends form the age of ______ to the age of ______.
2,6
by the age of 3 a child should be able to
jump from stairs
by the age of five to six years, _______% of adult brain weight is present.

a. 70
b. 80
c. 90
d. 100
90
a frequent cause of psychological disturbance for children can be

a. brain adaption
b. muscle growth
c. equilbration
d. stress
stess
using the large muscles is referred to as _______ motor skills.

a. fine
b. peripheral
c. gross
d. anatomical
gross
controlled scribbling appears at about age

a. 5
b. 3
c. 4
d. 2
3
a child's belief the inanimate objects are real and conscious is known as
animism
by the time children are ready to enter first grade they have a vocabulary of about _______ words.
8000
project head start was initiated in the

a. 1960s
b. 1970s
c. 1980s
d. 1990s
1960s
a child's ability to absorb experiences from the environment.
absorbent mind
the belief that a gene predisposes us to handedness is called the ________ theory.
biased-gene
hemispheric specialization is often reffered to as __________.
lateralization
by 2 to 2 1/2 years of age, the brain has achieved about _________% of its adult weight.
75
by the end of this period children begin to lose their ________ ________.
baby teeth
during this period a child can grow as much as ______ inches and gain about _______ pounds per year.
12,5